Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author*sort descending Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Beach Morphodynamics in the Lee of a Wave Farm: Synergies with Coastal Defence Abanades, J. March 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Dual wave farms for energy production and coastal protection Abanades, J., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Coastal Defence using Wave Farms: The Role of Farm-to-Coast Distance Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Human Dimensions
Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK: State of the Industry Report Adams, J., Valpy, B., Krohn, D. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental assessment of intake alternatives for seawater reverse osmosis in the Arabian Gulf Al-Kaabi, A., Mackey, R. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Salinity Gradient N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders: From Understanding Conflict to Impact Mitigation Alexander, K. January 2012 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
Interactive Marine Spatial Planning: Siting Tidal Energy Arrays around the Mull of Kintyre Alexander, K., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Marine Renewable Energy and Scottish West Coast Fishers: Exploring Impacts, Opportunities and Potential Mitigation Alexander, K., Potts, T., Wilding, T. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Attitudes of Scottish Fishers Towards Marine Renewable Energy Alexander, K., Wilding, T., Jacomina Heymans, J. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Concurrent and Legacy Economic and Environmental Impacts from Establishing a Marine Energy Sector in Scotland Allan, G., et al. July 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Need for Marine Spatial Planning in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction Altvater, S., Fletcher, R., Passarello, C. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Renewable Energy Sources: A Review of Lifecycle Considerations Amponsah, N., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Navigation Risk Assessment Update: Fall of Warness Anatec November 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Navigation
Evaluation of Small Axial Flow Hydrokinetic Turbines for Remote Communities Anyi, M., Kirke, B. June 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Socio-economics
Oyster 2 Wave Energy Project Environmental Statement Aquamarine Power June 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon: A Literature and Research Review Aquatera, Parametrix April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon: Existing Environmental Character, Trends, and Pressures Aquatera, Parametrix April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
SOWFIA Deliverable D.2.4: Interim Report on Barriers, Accelerators and Lessons Learned from all Wave Energy Site Experiences Arjona, E., et al. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean? Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Ecosystem service mapping in the Severn estuary and inner Bristol Channel Ashley, M. September 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Co-locating offshore wind farms and marine protected areas Ashley, M., et al. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Clean energy that safeguards ecosystems and livelihoods: Integrated assessments to unleash full sustainable potential for renewable energy Athanas, A., McCormick, N. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Environmental Impact Assessment for an OTEC Plant in Martinique Island Auvray, C., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Renewable Energy From the Ocean: A Guide to OTEC Avery, W., Wu, C. January 1994 Book Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Marine Energy White Paper - AWATEA AWATEA February 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Combined Exploitation of Offshore Wind and Wave Energy in the Italian Seas: A Spatial Planning Approach Azzellino, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Stakeholder requirements for commercially successful wave energy converter farms Babarit, A., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Environmental Impact Study of the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BiMEP) project Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Review of the Environmental Impacts for Marine and Hydrokinetic Projects to Inform Regulatory Permitting: Summary Findings from the 2015 Workshop on Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Washington, D.C. Baring-Gould, E., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The Reality of Environmental Compliance: A Tidal Perspective Barr, S. April 2009 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy Project: A Unique Case Study in the Licensing and Permitting of a Tidal Energy Project in Massachusetts Barrett, S. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Management of Sustainable Fisheries Alongside Marine Renewables: Modelling the Spatial Interactions Bell, M., Side, J., Walker, K. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics, Fishing
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Management of Coastal Flooding Under Climate Change Through Wave Farms Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Ocean Energy and Coastal Protection A Novel Strategy for Coastal Management Under Climate Change Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Camera technology for monitoring marine biodiversity and human impact Bicknell, A., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Potential and Future Prospects for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) In Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Binger, A. January 2004 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics
First Steps for Marine Life Impact Assessment of Hydrokinetic Turbines in the Arctic Birjadni, A., et al. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review of Wave Hub Technical Studies: Impacts on Inshore Surfing Beaches Black, K. December 2007 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics
Multi-use of the sea: A wide array of opportunities from site-specific cases across Europe Bocci, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Social and Ecological Impacts of Marine Energy Development Bonar, P., Bryden, I., Borthwick, A. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
Assessing use-use interactions at sea: A theoretical framework for spatial decision support tools facilitating co-location in maritime spatial planning Bonnevie, I., Hansen, H., Schrøder, L. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Public perceptions of and responses to new energy technologies Boudet, H. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-Economics
Hydrokinetic Energy Projects and Recreation: A Guide to Assessing Impacts Bowers, R., et al. December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Riverine, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Recreation
The future of marine spatial planning Bradshaw, C., Greenhill, L., Yates, K. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine spatial planning and stakeholder collaboration Brooks, P., Jedele, T. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) Presentation Bryden, I. January 2012 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Adjusting the Financial Risk of Tidal Current Projects by Optimising the 'Installed Capacity/Capacity Factor'-Ratio Already During the Feasibility Stage Bucher, R., Couch, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Levelized Cost of Energy for a Backward Bent Duct Buoy Bull, D., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Consistency Conflicts and Federalism Choice: Marine Spatial Planning Beyond the States' Territorial Seas Burger, M. July 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Estimating Effects of Tidal Power Projects and Climate Change on Threatened and Endangered Marine Species and Their Food Web Busch, S., Greene, C., Good, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Education and Training for Maritime Spatial Planners Calado, H., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Fisheries, Marine Conservation, Marine Renewable Energy and Displacement: A Fresh Approach Campbell, M. May 2015 Thesis Marine Energy (General) Displacement Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Mapping Fisheries for Marine Spatial Planning: Gear-Specific Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), Marine Conservation and Offshore Renewable Energy Campbell, M., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
An Assessment of the Marine Renewable Energy Sector in Canada - Now and in the Future Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Marine Renewable Energy Sector Early-Stage Supply Chain Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Navigational Safety Risk Assessment for the Wave Test Site at the European Marine Energy Centre Cantello, D. May 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics, Navigation
Variability of UK Marine Resources Carbon Trust July 2005 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Marine Spatial Planning in a Climate of Uncertainty - An Irish Perspective Carr, L. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of Wave Energy Using GIS Based Analysis: The Case Study of Portugal Castro-Santos, L., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy - The Essential Legal Considerations Chang, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Legal System for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in China Chang, Y., Wang, N. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Ocean Energies: Environmental, Economic and Technological Aspects of Alternative Power Sources Charlier, R., Justus, J. September 1993 Book Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Toward Best Practices for Public Acceptability in Wave Energy: Whom, When and How to Address Chozas, J., Stefanovich, M., Sørensen, H. January 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Environmental Assessment for Mississippi River Lock and Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Project City of Hastings September 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Collision Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Securing a Just Space for Small-Scale Fisheries in the Blue Economy Cohen, P., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Environmental Assessment for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion in Hawaii Comfort, C., Vega, L. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Analysis of Experience from Environmental Impact Assessments of Wave Energy Test Centres Conley, D., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
SOWFIA Deliverable 3.5 - Work Package 3 Final Report: Report on the Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment Experience for Wave Energy Conley, D., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
SOWFIA Deliverable D 3.1: Inventory of Environmental Impact Monitoring Activities at Wave & Tidal Energy Sites in Europe Final Report Conley, D., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Ocean Space, Ocean Place The Human Dimensions Of Wave Energy In Oregon Conway, F., et al. January 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
The State of Knowledge for Environmental Effects: Driving Consenting/Permitting for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Copping, A. January 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Applying Risk Science and Stakeholder Engagement to Overcome Environmental Barriers to Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects Copping, A., Anderson, R., Van Cleve, F. September 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Pacific Region Marine Renewables Environmental Regulatory Workshop Report Copping, A., et al. March 2017 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Good Management Practices for Social and Economic Data Collection for Marine Renewable Energy Copping, A., et al. September 2019 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development Technical Support and General Environmental Studies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Enabling Siting and Permitting of Marine Energy Devices, in Conjunction with Engineering Design and Deployment Strategies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S., Hanna, L. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices Copping, A., O'Toole, M. April 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Social construction of risk in non-conventional renewable energy: Risk perception as a function of ecosystem services in La Araucanía, Chile Cordoves-Sánchez, M., Vallejos-Romero, A. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-Economics
Managing Risk Through Marine Spatial Planning Cormier, R., Kannen, A. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Exploring the Impact of Technology Development and Adoption for Sustainable Hydroelectric Power and Storage Technologies in the Pacific Northwest United States Cowan, K., Daim, T., Anderson, T. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans Craig, R. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Modeling of Wave Energy Absorption: a Case Study for a Fishing Pier in Brazil Dalla Vecchia, L., et al. January 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Economic and Socio-Economic Assessment Methods for Ocean Renewable Energy: Public and Private Perspectives Dalton, G., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Practical Experience of Sectoral Planning for Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland Davies, I., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Spatial Planning for Sustainable Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland Davies, I., Watret, R., Gubbins, M. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics
Strangford Lough Marine Current Turbine: Environmental Statement Davison, A., Mallows, T. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
REEFS: An Artificial Reef for Wave Energy Harnessing and Shore Protection – A New Concept Towards Multipurpose Sustainable Solutions de Almeida, J. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics

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