Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressorssort descending Receptors
Permitting and Leasing for Maine Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Power Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters Ingram, D., et al. January 2011 Book Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Public Engagement with Large-Scale Renewable Energy Technologies: Breaking the Cycle of NIMBYism Devine-Wright, P. November 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Regional Locational Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Renewable Energy Vs. Biodiversity: Policy Conflicts And The Future Of Nature Conservation Jackson, A. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Renewable Energy Costs, Potentials, Barriers: Conceptual Issues Verbruggen, A., et al. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Research for the Sustainable Development of Tidal Power in Maine Johnson, T., Zydlewski, G. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Riding the Wave: Confronting Jurisdictional and Regulatory Barriers to Ocean Energy Development Murray, D., et al. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Applying Risk Science and Stakeholder Engagement to Overcome Environmental Barriers to Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects Copping, A., Anderson, R., Van Cleve, F. September 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
River Current Energy Conversion Systems: Progress, Prospects and Challenges Khan, M., Iqbal, M., Quaicoe, J. October 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Socio-economics
Scoping Study on Socio-Economic Impacts of Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia: A Research Synthesis & Priorities for Future Action Howell, A., Drake, C. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Scotland's Renewables Routemap Short Life Task Force On Streamlining Energy Development Licensing and Consents The Scottish Government February 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Siting Methodologies for Hydrokinetics: Navigating the Regulatory Framework Pacific Energy Ventures August 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Siting Offshore Hydrokinetic Energy Projects: A Comparative Look at Wave Energy Regulation in the Pacific Northwest Salcido, R. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Skerries Tidal Stream Array: Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Project Management Support Services July 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
South West Marine Energy Park Prospectus Southwest Marine Energy Park Coalition January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
The Case for Renewables Apart from Global Warming Swift-Hook, D. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Development of a Targeted Environmental Monitoring Strategy and the Streamlining of Marine Renewables Consents in Scotland Norris, J. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Hawaii Coastal Use Mapping Project National Marine Protected Areas Center September 2011 Website Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Lessons Learned from the Development of the Wind Energy Industry that Might be Applied to Marine Industry Renewables Garrad, A. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
The Reality of Environmental Compliance: A Tidal Perspective Barr, S. April 2009 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Understanding and Informing Permitting Decisions for Tidal Energy Development Using an Adaptive Management Framework Jansujwicz, J., Johnson, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Using Adaptive Management To Resolve Uncertainties For Wave And Tidal Energy Projects Oram, C., Marriott, C. January 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Variability of UK Marine Resources Carbon Trust July 2005 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Wave Power in the US: Permitting and Jurisdictional Issues Ram, B., et al. December 2004 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Wave and Tidal Energy Its Emergence and the Challenges it Faces Ferro, B. May 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK: State of the Industry Report Adams, J., Valpy, B., Krohn, D. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
What is the Global Potential for Renewable Energy? Moriarty, P., Honnery, D. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Coordination and Cooperation in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the US National Ocean Policy Maier, N. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Tidal Energy Community Engagement Handbook Isaacman, L., Colton, J. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Community and Business Toolkit for Tidal Energy Development MacDougall, S., Colton, J. March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Regulating Marine Renewable Energy Development: A Preliminary Assessment of UK Permitting Processes Wright, G. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Survey, Deploy and Monitor Licensing Policy Guidance Marine Scotland August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Environmental Impact Assessments for Wave Energy Developments - Learning from Existing Activities and Informing Future Research Priorities Leeney, R., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Fish, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Updated Summary of Knowledge: Selected Areas of the Pacific Coast Kaplan, B., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
State of the Nation's de Facto Marine Protected Areas Grober-Dunsmore, R., et al. May 2008 Report Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies Neary, V., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Insights from Archaeological Analysis and Interpretation of Marine Data Sets to Inform Marine Cultural Heritage Management and Planning of Wave and Tidal Energy Development for Orkney Waters and the Pentland Firth, NE Scotland Pollard, E., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Impacts to Marine Fisheries Habitat from Nonfishing Activities in the Northeastern United States Johnson, M., et al. February 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Fishing
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of Wave Energy Using GIS Based Analysis: The Case Study of Portugal Castro-Santos, L., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Marine Energy White Paper - AWATEA AWATEA February 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Tidal Power Development in Maine: Stakeholder Identification and Perceptions of Engagement Johnson, T., Jansujwicz, J., Zydlewski, G. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy and Public Rights Todd, P. May 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Regulation of Tidal Energy Development Off Nova Scotia: Navigating Foggy Waters Doelle, M., et al. September 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Tidal Power Project Wright, G. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) Presentation Bryden, I. January 2012 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
SOWFIA Enabling Wave Power: Streamlining Processes for Progress Greaves, D., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Attitudes of Scottish Fishers Towards Marine Renewable Energy Alexander, K., Wilding, T., Jacomina Heymans, J. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Power and Perspective: Fisheries and the Ocean Commons Beset by Demands of Development Pomeroy, C., Hall-Arber, M., Conway, F. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Involving the Public in the Impact Assessment of Offshore Renewable Energy Facilities Portman, M. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The New Mode of Marine Planning in the UK: Aspirations and Challenges Scarff, G., Fitzsimmons, C., Gray, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Technologies and their Influence on Future UK Marine Resource Development and Management Side, J., Jowitt, P. July 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Strengthening the Role of Science in Marine Governance through Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study of the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Wright, G. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy: Legal and Policy Challenges to Integrating an Emerging Renewable Energy Source Wright, G. July 2012 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Understanding the Role of Stakeholders in the Wave Energy Consenting Process: Engagement and Sensitivities Simas, T., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Wave Energy Test Site Environmental Assessment: Marine Corps Base Hawaii Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Maine Tidal Power Initiative: Transdisciplinary Sustainability Science Research for the Responsible Development of Tidal Power Jansujwicz, J., Johnson, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Marine governance in an industrialised ocean: A case study of the emerging marine renewable energy industry Wright, G. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Assessing use-use interactions at sea: A theoretical framework for spatial decision support tools facilitating co-location in maritime spatial planning Bonnevie, I., Hansen, H., Schrøder, L. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
International good practices for facilitating transboundary collaboration in Marine Spatial Planning Kull, M., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
The mechanics of blue growth: Management of oceanic natural resource use with multiple, interacting sectors Klinger, D., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Environmental Impact Assessment for Operational OTEC Platforms Sands, M. September 1979 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Ocean Energies: Environmental, Economic and Technological Aspects of Alternative Power Sources Charlier, R., Justus, J. September 1993 Book Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Potential and Future Prospects for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) In Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Binger, A. January 2004 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics
Vitamine ENA: A framework for the development of ecosystem-based indicators for decision makers Safi, G., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Developing offshore wind farm siting criteria by using an international Delphi method Ho, L., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Environmental Impact Assessment for an OTEC Plant in Martinique Island Auvray, C., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Methodology for Multi-Criteria Design of Multi-Use Offshore Platforms for Marine Renewable Energy Harvesting Zanuttigh, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Environmental Impact Assessment in the Marine Environment: A Comparison of Legal Frameworks Guerra, F., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Challenges in Implementing Sustainable Marine Spatial Planning: The New Portuguese Legal Framework Case Santos, C., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Attitudes towards Marine Energy: Understanding the Values de Groot, J. March 2015 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Economic Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Offshore Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology in Oregon Jimenez, T., Tegen, S. December 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Climate Sensitivity of Marine Energy Harrison, G., Wallace, A. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Sustainable Development for Welsh Seas: Our Approach to Marine Planning in Wales Welsh Assembly Government February 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Marine Spatial Planning: A Step-by-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-based Management Ehler, C., Douvere, F. May 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
OES Annual Report 2011 Ocean Energy Systems (OES) January 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Marine Spatial Planning - Current Status 2014: National Planning in Sweden's Territorial Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM) June 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Research frontiers in sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems in a time of climate crisis Kılkış, Ş., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Renewable energy projections for climate change mitigation: An analysis of uncertainty and errors Indra al Irsyad, M., Halog, A., Nepal, R. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan 2013 Hawaii Office of Planning July 2013 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Final Pilot License Application: Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy Project Verdant Power December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Experimental Investigation of Floating Wave Energy Converters for Coastal Protection Purpose Zanuttigh, B., Angelelli, E. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
What Drives Attitudes towards Marine Renewable Energy Development in Island Communities in the UK? de Groot, J., Bailey, I. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Practical Experience of Sectoral Planning for Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland Davies, I., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada [Presentation] Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy

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