Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressorssort descending Receptors
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
The impacts of tidal energy development and sea-level rise in the Gulf of Maine Kresning, B., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Future policy implications of tidal energy array interactions Waldman, S., et al. October 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Numerical Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Farms on Tidal Stream Energy Generation O'Donncha, F., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Assessment of the Potential of Tidal Power from Minas Passage and Minas Basin Karsten, R., et al. November 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Economic Evaluation of the Recreational Value of the Coastal Environment in a Marine Renewables Deployment Area Voke, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism, Social & Economic Data
Tidal barrages in the UK: Ecological and social impacts, potential mitigation, and tools to support barrage planning Hooper, T., Austen, M. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. September 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Techno-Economic Analysis of Tidal Energy Technology Johnstone, C., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy Project: A Unique Case Study in the Licensing and Permitting of a Tidal Energy Project in Massachusetts Barrett, S. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Challenges and Opportunities in Tidal and Wave Power Jacobson, P., Rao, K. December 2011 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
China Funds Development Of New Tidal Current Energy Devices Yanbo, G., Yan, L., Changlei, M. April 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
EMEC Tidal Test Facility Fall of Warness Eday, Orkney: Environmental Statement Foubister, L. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Effects of Tidal Energy Development: Proceedings of a Scientific Workshop Polagye, B., et al. April 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Estimating Effects of Tidal Power Projects and Climate Change on Threatened and Endangered Marine Species and Their Food Web Busch, S., Greene, C., Good, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Deployment Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Technologies - Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects Kramer, S., et al. June 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Guidance for Developers at EMEC Grid-Connected Sites: Supporting Environmental Documentation European Marine Energy Centre August 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean? Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Technical Addendum RPS Group March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Ireland Offshore Renewable Energy Strategic Action Plan 2012 - 2020 UK Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Regional Locational Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Research for the Sustainable Development of Tidal Power in Maine Johnson, T., Zydlewski, G. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Scoping Study on Socio-Economic Impacts of Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia: A Research Synthesis & Priorities for Future Action Howell, A., Drake, C. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Skerries Tidal Stream Array: Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Project Management Support Services July 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Reality of Environmental Compliance: A Tidal Perspective Barr, S. April 2009 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Understanding and Informing Permitting Decisions for Tidal Energy Development Using an Adaptive Management Framework Jansujwicz, J., Johnson, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Using Adaptive Management To Resolve Uncertainties For Wave And Tidal Energy Projects Oram, C., Marriott, C. January 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Wave and Tidal Energy Its Emergence and the Challenges it Faces Ferro, B. May 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK: State of the Industry Report Adams, J., Valpy, B., Krohn, D. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Tidal Energy Community Engagement Handbook Isaacman, L., Colton, J. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Community and Business Toolkit for Tidal Energy Development MacDougall, S., Colton, J. March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Survey, Deploy and Monitor Licensing Policy Guidance Marine Scotland August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Insights from Archaeological Analysis and Interpretation of Marine Data Sets to Inform Marine Cultural Heritage Management and Planning of Wave and Tidal Energy Development for Orkney Waters and the Pentland Firth, NE Scotland Pollard, E., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Tidal Power Development in Maine: Stakeholder Identification and Perceptions of Engagement Johnson, T., Jansujwicz, J., Zydlewski, G. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
The Regulation of Tidal Energy Development Off Nova Scotia: Navigating Foggy Waters Doelle, M., et al. September 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Tidal Power Project Wright, G. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The Maine Tidal Power Initiative: Transdisciplinary Sustainability Science Research for the Responsible Development of Tidal Power Jansujwicz, J., Johnson, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Attitudes towards Marine Energy: Understanding the Values de Groot, J. March 2015 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Final Pilot License Application: Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy Project Verdant Power December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada [Presentation] Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
GHYDRO: Methodology Guide for Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Tidal Stream Energy Technologies at Sea Lejart, M. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Historic Environment Guidance for Wave and Tidal Renewable Energy Robertson, P., Shaw, A. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Better Together: The Implications of Tidal Resource Interactions from Resource Calculation to Policy and Governance Woolf, D., Easton, M. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Current tidal power technologies and their suitability for applications in coastal and marine areas Roberts, A., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Consenting Guidance for Developers at the EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site European Marine Energy Centre January 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
EMEC Scale Site Consenting Process: Guidance for Developers European Marine Energy Centre August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Navigation Risk Assessment Update: Fall of Warness Anatec November 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Navigation
A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy Sangiuliano, S. August 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Hydrokinetic Energy Projects and Recreation: A Guide to Assessing Impacts Bowers, R., et al. December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Riverine, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Recreation
Learning from Early Commercial Tidal Energy Projects in the Puget Sound, Washington and the Pentland Firth, Scotland McMillin, N. January 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Strangford Lough Marine Current Turbine: Environmental Statement Davison, A., Mallows, T. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Decommissioning of the SeaGen Tidal Turbine in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland: Environmental Statement MarineSpace September 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
ORECCA European Offshore Renewable Energy Roadmap Jeffrey, H., Sedgwick, J. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Aesthetics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Turning of the tides: Assessing the international implementation of tidal current turbines Sangiuliano, S. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
South Korea's Plans for Tidal Power: When a "Green" Solution Creates More Problems Ko, Y., Schubert, D. November 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Ecosystem, Socio-economics
A Conflict of Greens: Green Development Versus Habitat Preservation - The Case of Incheon, South Korea Ko, Y., Schubert, D., Hester, R. June 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Ecosystem, Socio-economics
The Value of Delay in Tidal Energy Development MacDonald, S. December 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Value Proposition for Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia, Atlantic Canada and Canada Gardner, M., et al. April 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Adjusting the Financial Risk of Tidal Current Projects by Optimising the 'Installed Capacity/Capacity Factor'-Ratio Already During the Feasibility Stage Bucher, R., Couch, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The State of Knowledge for Environmental Effects: Driving Consenting/Permitting for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Copping, A. January 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Monitoring the environmental interactions of tidal devices - how do we achieve what is required in a practical and cost effective manner whilst retaining focus on the key issues to assist the consenting of future projects? Foubister, L. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Human dimensions of tidal energy: A review of theories and frameworks Jenkins, L., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Phase 2 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Outer Bay of Fundy Tidal Energy Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, C. May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Phase 1 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, G. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Tidal Energy Scenario Analysis: Holistic Stakeholder Considerations for Sustainable Development McTiernan, K. January 2017 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Tidal energy machines: A comparative life cycle assessment study Walker, S., et al. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle comparison of a wave and tidal energy device Walker, S., Howell, R. November 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle assessment of the Seagen marine current turbine Douglas, C., Harrison, G., Chick, J. February 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
A Review of the Application of Lifecycle Analysis to Renewable Energy Systems Lund, C., Biswas, W. April 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Developing regional locational guidance for wave and tidal energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et al. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Current Policy and Technology for Tidal Current Energy in Korea Ko, D., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
ICES SGWTE Report 2012: Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
ICES SGWTE Report 2013: Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan (OREDP) For Ireland: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA): Volume 1: Non - Technical Summary (NTS) Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland October 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Increased integration between innovative ocean energy and the EU habitats, species and water protection rules through Maritime Spatial Planning van Hees, S. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Salinity Gradient, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-Economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Perspectives on a way forward for ocean renewable energy in Australia Hemer, M., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-Economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A comprehensive insight into tidal stream energy farms in Iran Radfar, S., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Human Dimensions
Marine Spatial Planning from an Irish perspective: Towards Best Practice in Integrated Maritime Governance Flannery, W. July 2011 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
An Offshore Renewable Energy Environmental Research & Innovation Strategy for the UK Natural Environment Research Council December 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions
Guidance for Communities on the Development of Wave and Tidal Projects Edwards, C., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine renewables and coastal communities—Experiences from the offshore oil industry in the 1970s and their relevance to marine renewables in the 2010s Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Feedback RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Process RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Review of the Policy Context for Sustainable Marine Renewable Development McGarry, T. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy

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