Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressorssort descending Receptors
Localization of Southern Resident Killer Whales Using Two Star Arrays to Support Marine Renewable Energy Ren, H., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Megavertebrates and Fishery Resources in the Nantucket Sound - Muskeget Channel Area Leeney, R., et al. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Potential Impacts of Ocean Energy Development on Marine Mammals in Oregon Davis, A. December 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Review of Recent Literature Relevant to the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices 2011 Kropp, R. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Towards Best Environmental Practice for Cetacean Conservation in Developing Scotland's Marine Renewable Energy Dolman, S., Simmonds, M. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
A Protocol for Implementing the Interim Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) approach: Quantifying and Assessing the Effects of UK Offshore Renewable Energy Developments on Marine Mammal Populations Booth, C., et al. November 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Long-Term Multibeam Measurements Around a Tidal Turbine Test Site in Orkney, Scotland Blondel, P., Williamson, B. August 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity Patterns and Movements in Minas Passage: Pre-Turbine Baseline Conditions Tollit, D., Redden, A. July 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Updated Summary of Knowledge: Selected Areas of the Pacific Coast Kaplan, B., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Assessment of the Marine Renewables Industry in Relation to Marine Mammals: Synthesis of Work Undertaken by the ICES Working Group on Marine Mammal Ecology (WGMME) Murphy, S., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
MERiFIC 3.3.2: Grey Seal Population Surveys of the Isles of Scilly and Parc Naturel Marin d'Iroise Witt, M. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MERiFIC 3.3.2: Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Small Cetaceans in the Isles of Scilly Pikesley, S., Godley, B., Witt, M. March 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
EMEC Billia Croo Wave Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
EMEC Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
First Specific Biodiversity Assessment in the Portuguese Pilot Zone for Marine Renewables Coelho, H., et al. June 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Ecosystem, Marine Mammals
User Guide for the MRSea Package: Marine Renewables Strategic Environmental Assessment Scott-Hayward, L., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds, Marine Mammals
Wave Energy Test Site Environmental Assessment: Marine Corps Base Hawaii Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Marine Renewable Energy and Environmental Interactions: Baseline Assessments of Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Benthic Communities on the Oregon Shelf Henkel, S., Suryan, R., Lagerquist, B. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
MR3 Methods for Tracking Fine Scale Movements of Marine Mammals around Marine Tidal Devices McConnell, B., et al. July 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Stream Analytical Processing of Acoustic Signals for Cetacean Studies and Environmental Monitoring of Ocean Energy Conversion Devices Kolar, H., et al. June 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Confusion Reigns? A Review of Marine Megafauna Interactions with Tidal-Stream Environments Benjamins, S., et al. August 2015 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals
California Current Cetacean & Ecosystem Assessment Survey (CalCurCEAS): Final Report to Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regarding Surveys of Windfloat and Wave Energy Areas Barlow, J., Henry, A., Ballance, L. April 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Guidance to Inform Marine Mammal Site Characterisation Requirements at Wave and Tidal Stream Energy Sites in Wales Sparling, C., et al. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Marine Mammals
Towards Acoustic Monitoring of Marine Mammals at a Tidal Turbine Site: Grand Passage, NS, Canada Malinka, C., Hay, A., Cheel, R. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
MR1 & MR2 Current State of Knowledge of the Effects of Offshore Renewable Energy Generation Devices on Marine Mammals and Research Requirements: Update, September 2014 Thompson, D., et al. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals
MR6.1 Review of Methodology and Main Results of the JCP Analysis of Cetacean Densities in the Context of Marine Renewable Development Lonergan, M., Hammond, P. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
MR6.2 Definition of 'Range' in the Context of Marine Renewable Energy Development and Marine Mammal Conservation Northridge, S. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Simulating Harbour Porpoise Habitat Use in a 3D Tidal Environment Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, T. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Numerical Modeling of the Impact Response of Tidal Devices and Marine Mammals Grear, M., Motley, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Using Drifting Passive Echolocation Loggers to Study Harbour Porpoises in Tidal-Stream Habitats Wilson, B., Benjamins, S., Elliot, J. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) feeding on schooling herring (Clupea harengus) using underwater tail-slaps: Kinematic analyses of field observations Domenici, P., et al. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Sensitivity of UK Marine Mammal Populations to Marine Renewables Developments Harwood, J., King, S. March 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Studies of Harbour Seal Behaviour in Areas of High Tidal Energy: Part 1. Movements and Diving Behaviour of Harbour Seals in Kyle Rhea Thompson, D. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
NERC Knowledge Exchange: An Autonomous Device to Track Porpoise Movements in Tidal Rapids Macaulay, J., et al. November 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: What are the Issues of Concern and how are they being Resolved? Wilson, B., Hastie, G., Benjamins, S. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments [Presentation] Benjamins, S., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Tracking Technologies for Quantifying Marine Mammal Interactions with Tidal Turbines: Pitfalls and Possibilities Hastie, G., et al. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Wave and Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts Sparling, C., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Marine Mammals
Tracking Porpoise Underwater Movements in Tidal Rapids using Drifting Hydrophone Arrays. Filling a Key Information Gap for Assessing Collision Risk Gordon, J., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Movement Patterns of Seals in Tidally Energetic Sites: Implications for Renewable Energy Development Hastie, G., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Seal Telemetry Inventory Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Harbor Seal - Tidal Turbine Collision Risk Models. An Assessment of Sensitivities. Wood, J., Joy, R., Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialling Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development Sparling, C., et al. June 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Temporal Patterns in Minas Basin Intertidal Weir Fish Catches and Presence of Harbour Porpoise during April - August 2013 Baker, M., Reed, M., Redden, A. July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Harbour Porpoise Distribution can Vary at Small Spatiotemporal Scales in Energetic Habitats Benjamins, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Scapa Flow Scale Site: Environmental Description European Marine Energy Centre April 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Shapinsay Sound Scale Site: Environmental Description European Marine Energy Centre April 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
MERiFIC 3.3.3: Technical Report Biodiversity Assessment - Methods for Surveying Marine Mammal Biodiversity around Small Islands Ingram, S. May 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Fine-Scale Foraging Movements by Fish-Eating Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) Relate to the Vertical Distributions and Escape Responses of Salmonid Prey (Oncorhynchus spp.) Wright, B., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Aesthetics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Observational Data of Seal Haul-Outs During the Breeding Season

Aquatera Ltd

June 2010 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2015 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Observations and Tracking of Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) with Shore-Based X-Band Marine Radar at a Marine Energy Test Site McCann, D., Bell, P. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
EMEC Fall of Warness Wildlife Observation Data

European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)

July 2005 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Billia Croo Wildlife Observation Data

European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)

June 2009 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Challenges and Opportunities in Monitoring the Impacts of Tidal-Stream Energy Devices on Marine Vertebrates Fox, C., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Determining the Water Column Usage by Seals in the Brims Lease Site Evers, C., et al. November 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
An evaluation of gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) mortality incidental to fishing operations in British Columbia, Canada Baird, R., et al. January 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Nova Bluemull Sound - Appropriate Assessment Marine Scotland January 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Seabirds, Marine Mammals
A Review of Cetacean and Pinniped Mortality in Coastal Fisheries Along the West Coast of the USA and Canada and the East Coast of the Russian Federation Barlow, J., et al. November 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Understanding the co-occurrence of large whales and commercial fixed gear fisheries off the west coast of the United States Saez, L., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Effects of fishing rope strength on the severity of large whale entanglements Knowlton, A., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Seasonal and Diel Patterns in Cetacean Use and Foraging at a Potential Marine Renewable Energy Site Nuuttila, H., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Estimating humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) entanglement rates on the basis of scar evidence Robbins, J., Mattila, D. May 2004 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Entanglements of Baleen Whales in Fishing Gear off Southern California Heyning, J., Lewis, T. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics
Cetacean entanglement in fishing gear Hofman R. March 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
How we all kill whales Moore, M. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Whale Entanglements Off California Fact Sheet National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration January 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine in Strangford Narrows: No barrier effect but small changes in transit behaviour Sparling, C., Lonergan, M., McConnell, B. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Fine-Scale Hydrodynamic Metrics Underlying Predator Occupancy Patterns in Tidal Stream Environments Lieber, L., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Mechanical properties of harbor seal skin and blubber a test of anisotropy Grear, M., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Northeast Ocean Data Northeast Regional Ocean Council January 2009 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Development of Marine Mammal Observation Methods for Vantage Point Surveys in Ramsey Sound Nuuttila, H., Mendzil, A. March 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Particles as Porpoise - Applying CFD Results to Environmental Interactions Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Methods for Individual Based Modelling of Harbour Porpoise Croft, N., Masters, I., Lake, T. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Algorithms for Marine Mammal Modelling and an Application in Ramsey Sound Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. January 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Improving visual biodiversity assessments of motile fauna in turbid aquatic environments Jones, R., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Review of Cetacean Monitoring Guidelines for Welsh Wave and Tidal Energy Developments Nuuttila, H. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessment of Risk to Marine Mammals from Underwater Marine Renewable Devices in Welsh Waters: Phase 2 - Studies of Marine Mammals in Welsh High Tidal Waters Gordon, J., et al. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Request for advice on the populations of cetaceans that might be involved in significant interactions with marine renewable energy developments in Scottish marine waters Northridge, S. August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Strategic Surveys of Seabirds off the West Coast of Lewis to Determine Use of Seaspace in Areas of Potential Marine Renewable Energy Developments Simpson, M., Woodward, R. July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals
Current state of knowledge of effects of offshore renewable energy generation devices on marine mammals & research requirements Thompson, D., et al. July 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals
Detection of Visual Signatures of Marine Mammals and Fish within Marine Renewable Energy Farms using Multibeam Imaging Sonar Francisco, F., Sundberg, J. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Use of an Unsupervised Learning Approach for Characterizing Latent Behaviours in Accelerometer Data Chimienti, M., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Feeding home ranges of pacific coast feeding group gray whales Lagerquist, B., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Empirical Determination of Severe Trauma in Seals from Collisions with Tidal Turbine Blade Onoufriou, J., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds, Marine Spatial Planning
Monitoring getijdenturbines Oosterscheldekering Jaarrapportage 2018 Leopold, M., Scholl, M. March 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds

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