Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author*sort descending Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Beach Morphodynamics in the Lee of a Wave Farm: Synergies with Coastal Defence Abanades, J. March 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Dual wave farms for energy production and coastal protection Abanades, J., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Wave Farm Impact on the Beach Profile: A Case Study Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Beach Morphodynamics in the Lee of a Wave Farm Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Coastal Defence using Wave Farms: The Role of Farm-to-Coast Distance Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources ABP Marine Environmental Research May 2008 Website Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Collision Risk of Fish with Wave and Tidal Devices ABP Marine Environmental Research July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device Fish
Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK: State of the Industry Report Adams, J., Valpy, B., Krohn, D. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Environmental Monitoring at the Maren Wave Power Test Site Andersen, K., et al. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
OXYFLUX, an innovative wave-driven device for the oxygenation of deep layers in coastal areas: A physical investigation Antonini, A., Lamberti, A., Archetti, R. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Fishing
Wave Energy Utilization: A Review of the Technologies António, F. April 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Environmental Appraisal of an Ocean Energy Test Site in Inner Galway Bay Aquafact April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Oyster 1 at EMEC Aquamarine Power November 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Oyster 800 at EMEC Aquamarine Power June 2012 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Oyster 2 (Phase 1) Decommissioning Programme Aquamarine Power July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Oyster 2 Wave Energy Project Environmental Statement Aquamarine Power June 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
North West Lewis Wave Array Aquamarine Power Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Wave and Tidal Enabling Actions Report: Consolidation of Wave and Tidal EIA / HRA Issues and Research Priorities Aquatera January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
A Review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Development on Scotland's Marine Environment Aquatera June 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon: A Literature and Research Review Aquatera, Parametrix April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon: Existing Environmental Character, Trends, and Pressures Aquatera, Parametrix April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Costa Head Wave Farm Archimedes Wave Swing Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
SOWFIA Deliverable D.2.4: Interim Report on Barriers, Accelerators and Lessons Learned from all Wave Energy Site Experiences Arjona, E., et al. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean? Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Measurement of the Effect of Power Absorption in the Lee of a Wave Energy Converter Ashton, I., Johanning, L., Linfoot, B. June 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Hybrid Wave and Offshore Wind Farms: a Comparative Case Study of Co-located Layouts [Conference Paper] Astariz, S., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Hybrid Wave and Offshore Wind Farms: A Comparative Case Study of Co-located Layouts Astariz, S., et al. September 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
The effect of arrays of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave climate Atan, R., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Assessment of Underwater Noise Generated by Wave Energy Devices Austin, M., et al. December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
SURGE Waveroller AW-Energy October 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Combined Exploitation of Offshore Wind and Wave Energy in the Italian Seas: A Spatial Planning Approach Azzellino, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Stakeholder requirements for commercially successful wave energy converter farms Babarit, A., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Generating Electricity from the Oceans Bahaj, A. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Coating Selection Process for Gulf Stream Hydroturbines Bak, A. December 2009 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Protocol to Develop an Environmental Impact Study of Wave Energy Converters Bald, J., et al. May 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Acoustic characterization of Mutriku OWC Plant Bald, J., et al. March 2017 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
The Environmental Impact Study of the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BiMEP) project Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Monitoring Plan of the pre-operational phase of the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep) project Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Environmental impacts over the seabed and benthic communities of submarine cable installation in the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep) Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental impacts over fish communities of submarine cable installation in the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep) Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Fish
California Current Cetacean & Ecosystem Assessment Survey (CalCurCEAS): Final Report to Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regarding Surveys of Windfloat and Wave Energy Areas Barlow, J., Henry, A., Ballance, L. April 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Underwater Noise Measurements of a 1 to 7 Scale Wave Energy Converter Bassett, C., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Final Report The Pacific Marine Energy Center - South Energy Test Site (PMEC-SETS) Batten, B., Hellin, D. November 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
An Overview Of Ocean Renewable Energy Technologies Bedard, R., et al. June 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Measurements of Shoreline Wave Action to Establish Possible Environmental and Ecological Effects from Wave Energy Converter Arrays Beharie, R. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Quantifying "Exposure" with Cost Effective Wave Resource Measurements Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2008 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal, Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
SuperGen Research Helps to Answer Long Standing Problem of Shoreline 'Exposure' Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2011 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Acoustic Environmental Monitoring - Wello Penguin Cooling System Noise Study Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Tidal Technologies: Key Issues Across Planning and Development for Environmental Regulators Bell, M., Side, J. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Wave Energy Conversion Systems: Optimal Localization Procedure Benassai, G., Dattero, M., Maffucci, A. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Effects of Wave Energy Generators on Nephrops norvegicus Bender, A., Sunberg, J. September 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Benthic Invertebrates
Assessment of the Changes Induced by a Wave Energy Farm in the Nearshore Wave Conditions Bento, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
The Role of Wave Energy Converter Farms on Coastal Protection in Eroding Deltas, Guadalfeo, Southern Spain Bergillos, R., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Optimization of Wave Farm Location and Layout for Coastal Protection Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave Energy Converter Configuration for Coastal Erosion Mitigation Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave Energy Converter Configuration for Coastal Flooding Mitigation Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Management of Coastal Erosion Under Climate Change Through Wave Farms Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change
Management of Coastal Flooding Under Climate Change Through Wave Farms Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change
Ocean Energy and Coastal Protection A Novel Strategy for Coastal Management Under Climate Change Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Environmental Impact Assessment Tool for Wave Energy Conversion Beyene, A., et al. March 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Assessing the impact of introduced infrastructure at sea with cameras: A case study for spatial scale, time and statistical power Bicknell, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Camera technology for monitoring marine biodiversity and human impact Bicknell, A., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
BioWave Port Fairy Pilot Wave Energy Project BioPower Systems December 2015 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Review of Wave Hub Technical Studies: Impacts on Inshore Surfing Beaches Black, K. December 2007 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics
Final Report Feasibility Study for the California Wave Energy Test Center (CalWave) Volume 1 Blakeslee, S., et al. July 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest Boehlert, G., et al. January 2008 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Environmental and Ecological Effects of Ocean Renewable Energy Development: A Current Synthesis Boehlert, G., Gill, A. June 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
D4.05 Non-Intrusive Wave Field Measurement Bourdier, S., et al. November 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Hydrokinetic Energy Projects and Recreation: A Guide to Assessing Impacts Bowers, R., et al. December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Riverine, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Recreation
Ocean wave energy overview and research at Oregon State University Brekken, T., von Jouanne, A., Han, H. June 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Ecological and morphological traits predict depth-generalist fishes on coral reefs Bridge, T., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Fish
Advances in Research to Understand the Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Devices in the United States Brown-Saracino, J. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter Bull, D., et al. September 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Levelized Cost of Energy for a Backward Bent Duct Buoy Bull, D., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Oil and gas infrastructure decommissioning in marine protected areas: System complexity, analysis and challenges Burdon, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Acoustic impact of a wave energy converter in Mediterranean shallow waters Buscaino, G., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Fish
Potential Impacts Of Hydrokinetic And Wave Energy Conversion Technologies On Aquatic Environments Cada, G., et al. April 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Kobald Marine Turbine: From the Testing Model to the Full Scale Prototype Calcagno, G., Moroso, A. November 2007 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs Callaway, R., et al. September 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Nearfield Habitat
The Marine Renewable Energy Sector Early-Stage Supply Chain Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Navigational Safety Risk Assessment for the Wave Test Site at the European Marine Energy Centre Cantello, D. May 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics, Navigation
Wave farm planning through high-resolution resource and performance characterization Carballo, R., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning
Wave farm impact based on realistic wave-WEC interaction Carballo, R., Iglesias, G. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Perth Wave Energy Project Carnegie Wave Energy November 2014 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of Wave Energy Using GIS Based Analysis: The Case Study of Portugal Castro-Santos, L., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Numerical modeling of the effects of wave energy converter characteristics on nearshore wave conditions Chang, G., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Energy Research and Innovation Centre (MERIC) Chilean Ministry of Energy, et al. October 2015 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave
Toward Best Practices for Public Acceptability in Wave Energy: Whom, When and How to Address Chozas, J., Stefanovich, M., Sørensen, H. January 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
The Hebridean Wave Model Christie, D. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Effective Monitoring Strategies Conley, D. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, EMF, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Analysis of Experience from Environmental Impact Assessments of Wave Energy Test Centres Conley, D., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
SOWFIA Deliverable 3.5 - Work Package 3 Final Report: Report on the Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment Experience for Wave Energy Conley, D., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment

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