Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting Annex IV and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and Annex IV metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort ascending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Decision framework for ocean thermal energy plant site selection from a sustainability perspective: The case of China Zhang, J., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Fish, finances, and feasibility: Concerns about tidal energy development in the United States Dreyer, S., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Sustainably reconciling offshore renewable energy with Natura 2000 sites: An interim adaptive management framework Le Lièvre, C. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The economic geography of variable renewable energy and impacts of trade formulations for renewable mandates Bistline, J., Santen, N., Young, D. May 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The influence of maritime spatial planning on the development of marine renewable energies in Portugal and Spain: Legal challenges and opportunities Salvador, S., Gimeno, L., Larruga, F. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Toward a Common Understanding of Ocean Multi-Use Schupp, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Lifecycle Environmental Impact Assessment of an Overtopping Wave Energy Converter Embedded in Breakwater Systems Patrizi, N., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Energy and socio-economic benefits from the development of wave energy in Greece Lavidas, G. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Consideration of scales in offshore wind environmental impact assessments Ryan, K., Danylchuk, A., Jordaan, A. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Marine Renewable Energy Clustering in the Mediterranean Sea: The Case of PELAGOS Project Soukissian, T., Adamopoulos, C., Prospathopoulos, A. February 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Wave energy to power a desalination plant in the north of Gran Canaria Island: Wave resource, socioeconomic and environmental assessment Prieto, L., Rodríguez, G., Rodriguez, J. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation Volume III: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts Sheppard, C. January 2019 Book N/A Noise Birds, Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Fishing, Legal and Policy
Marine Renewable Energy Law and Policy in the Bay of Fundy: The Impact of Ambiguous Domestic Boundaries in Canada on Nova Scotia's Regulatory Framework Salcedo, E. January 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Marine Spatial Planning Santos, C., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union García, P., Sanabria, J., Ruiz, J. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Human dimensions of tidal energy: A review of theories and frameworks Jenkins, L., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Perspectives on a way forward for ocean renewable energy in Australia Hemer, M., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Assessing the Macro-Economic Benefit of Installing a Farm of Oscillating Water Columns in Scotland and Portugal Draycott, S., et al. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
Prospective energy security scenarios in Spain: The future role of renewable power generation technologies and climate change implications García-Gusano, D., Iribarren, D. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Spatial targeting, synergies and scale: Exploring the criteria of smart practices for siting renewable energy projects Frantal, B., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Energy droughts from variable renewable energy sources in European climates Raynaud, D., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
Multiple maritime uses in European seas: Findings from the MUSES project Kafas, A., Davies, I., Roberts, T. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Monitoring the environmental interactions of tidal devices - how do we achieve what is required in a practical and cost effective manner whilst retaining focus on the key issues to assist the consenting of future projects? Foubister, L. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Offshore Energy Planning Provisions and transnational Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Sea Region: Findings from the NorthSEE project Wright, K., Kafas, A., Davies, I. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Overcoming Barriers to Marine Renewables Energy Development Freeman, M., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
A Multi-National Project Management Framework Audit of a European Union Marine Spatial Planning Project Sangiuliano, S. March 2018 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Methods and utility of ecosystem service trade-off analysis for guiding marine planning of offshore energy Stevens, J., Lester, S., White, C. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Displacement of existing activities Kafas, A., Donohue, P., Davies, I. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Tracing regime shifts in the provision of coastal-marine cultural ecosystem services Gee, K., Burkhard, B. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Co-locating offshore wind farms and marine protected areas Ashley, M., et al. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning Yates, K., Bradshaw, C. February 2018 Book Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine spatial planning and stakeholder collaboration Brooks, P., Jedele, T. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
The future of marine spatial planning Bradshaw, C., Greenhill, L., Yates, K. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine spatial planning Ehler, C. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Challenges and opportunities for governance in marine spatial planning Greenhill, L. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Meaningful stakeholder participation in marine spatial planning with offshore energy Yates, K. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Do tidal stream energy projects offer more value than offshore wind farms? A case study in the United Kingdom Lamy, J., Azevedo, I. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Ensuring the sustainable development of ocean energy technologies through environmental assessment laws and policies Wright, G., Willsteed, E., O'Hagan, A. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Sea of Troubles? Evaluating User Conflicts in the Development of Ocean Energy de Groot, J., et al. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Consenting ocean energy projects: issues, challenges and opportunities O'Hagen, A., Wright, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Ocean Energy: Governance Challenges for Wave and Tidal Stream Technologies Wright, G., Kerr, S., Johnson, K. January 2018 Book Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) systems: Using systems thinking in resource characterization and estimating costs for the practical harvest of electricity from tidal currents Domenech, J., Eveleigh, T., Tanju, B. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The State of Knowledge for Environmental Effects: Driving Consenting/Permitting for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Copping, A. January 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
REEFS: An Artificial Reef for Wave Energy Harnessing and Shore Protection – A New Concept Towards Multipurpose Sustainable Solutions de Almeida, J. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Turning of the tides: Assessing the international implementation of tidal current turbines Sangiuliano, S. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
Stakeholder requirements for commercially successful wave energy converter farms Babarit, A., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
A comprehensive insight into tidal stream energy farms in Iran Radfar, S., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Analysis of the environmental issues concerning the deployment of an OTEC power plant in Martinique Devault, D., Péné-Annette, A. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals Socio-economics
Community Energy and Emissions Planning for Tidal Current Turbines: A Case Study of the Municipalities of the Southern Gulf Islands Region, British Columbia Sangiuliano, S. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Legal System for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in China Chang, Y., Wang, N. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Changing Tides: Acceptability, Support, and Perceptions of Tidal Energy in the United States Dreyer, S., Polis, H., Jenkins, L. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Ocean Wave Energy in the United States: Current Status and Future Perspectives Lehmann, M., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Confronting the Financing Impasse: Risk Management through Internationally Staged Investments in Tidal Energy Development MacDougall, S. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Public Willingness to Pay and Policy Preferences for Tidal Energy Research and Development: A Study of Households in Washington State Polis, H., Dreyer, S., Jenkins, L. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Cumulative Impact Assessment of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in the Irish Sea Haverson, D., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Storm effects on intertidal invertebrates: increased beta diversity of few individuals and species Corte, G., et al. May 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Climate Change
A 35 year high-resolution wave atlas for nearshore energy production and economics at the Aegean Sea Lavidas, G., Venugopal, V. April 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Assessing larval connectivity for marine spatial planning in the Adriatic Bray, L., Kassis, D., Hall-Spencer, J. April 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Pacific Region Marine Renewables Environmental Regulatory Workshop Report Copping, A., et al. March 2017 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Installations on Tidal Stream Generation in Cobscook Bay O'Donncha, F., James, S., Ragnoli, E. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Fishing
Predicting lethal entanglements as a consequence of drag from fishing gear van der Hoop, J., et al. February 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Impact of Climate Change on Wave Energy Resource: The Case of Menorca (Spain) Sierra, J., Casas-Prat, M., Campins, E. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Entanglement is a costly life-history stage in large whales van der Hoop, J., Corkeron, P., Moore, M. January 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Swimming kinematics and efficiency of entangled North Atlantic right whales van der Hoop, J., et al. January 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Assessment of Blue Carbon Resources in Scotland's Inshore Marine Protected Area Network Burrows, M., et al. January 2017 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Tidal Energy Scenario Analysis: Holistic Stakeholder Considerations for Sustainable Development McTiernan, K. January 2017 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Multi-criteria evaluation of wave energy projects on the south-east Australian coast Flocard, F., Ierodiaconou, D., Coghlan, I. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Research Priorities for Assessing Potential Impacts of Emerging Marine Renewable Energy Technologies: Insights from Developments in Wales (UK) Roche, R., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Moving from Consultation to Participation: A Case Study of the Involvement of Fishermen in Decisions Relating to Marine Renewable Energy Projects on the Island of Ireland Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing, Stakeholder Engagement
Changes in Fish Catch Rates in the Presence of Air Gun Sounds in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska Streever, B., et al. December 2016 Journal Article N/A Noise Socio-economics, Fishing
Outer Continental Shelf Lease Blocks National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration November 2016 Website N/A N/A Socio-economics
Progress in Renewable Energies Offshore Soares, C. October 2016 Book Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Wave Dragon - 'Coldward and Stormward' Russell, I., Friis-Madsen, E., Soerensen, H.C. October 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Developing Benefit Schemes and Financial Compensation Measures for Fishermen Impacted by Marine Renewable Energy Projects Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Marine Spatial Planning Advancing the Ecosystem-Based Approach to Coastal Zone Management: A Review Domínguez-Tejo, E., et al. October 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Recent Developments in Ocean Energy and Offshore Wind: Financial Challenges and Environmental Misconceptions Esteban, M., Gasparatos, A., Doll, C. September 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Decommissioning of the SeaGen Tidal Turbine in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland: Environmental Statement MarineSpace September 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Funding and Financial Supports for Tidal Energy Development in Nova Scotia MacDougall, S. September 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Marine spatial planning in reality: Introduction to case studies and discussion of findings Jones, P., Lieberknecht, L., Qiu, W. September 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Coping with Uncertainty in Environmental Impact Assessments: Open Techniques Cardenas, I., Halman, J. September 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy Sangiuliano, S. August 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Incorporating Data Uncertainty when Estimating Potential Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Levelized Cost of Energy for a Backward Bent Duct Buoy Bull, D., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy Updated on Barriers and Recommendations O'Hagan, A. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Review of the Environmental Impacts for Marine and Hydrokinetic Projects to Inform Regulatory Permitting: Summary Findings from the 2015 Workshop on Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Washington, D.C. Baring-Gould, E., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Feasibility and LCA for a Wave Dragon platform with wind turbines Soerensen, H.C., et al. June 2016 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Wave energy in Europe: Views on experiences and progress to date O'Hagan, A., et al. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Environmental Impact Assessment: Gathering Experiences from Wave Energy Test Centres in Europe Greaves, D., et al. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Aesthetics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Current tidal power technologies and their suitability for applications in coastal and marine areas Roberts, A., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
The Governance of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea for Energy Production and Aquaculture: Challenges for Policy Makers in European Seas Stuiver, M., et al. April 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
What Drives Attitudes towards Marine Renewable Energy Development in Island Communities in the UK? de Groot, J., Bailey, I. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Effects of fishing rope strength on the severity of large whale entanglements Knowlton, A., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing

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