Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort descending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
The Theory of Sound Rayleigh, J. April 1877 Book N/A Noise N/A
Whales entangled in deep sea cables Heezen, B. January 1957 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Acoustic ambient noise in the ocean: Spectra and sources Wenz, G. May 1962 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Field Experiments on the Attraction of Pelagic Fish to Floating Objects Hunter, J., Mitchell, C. January 1968 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Hearing in the Giant Sea Turtle, Chelonia mydas Ridgway, S., et al. August 1969 Journal Article N/A Noise Sea Turtles
Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project OpenHydro Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project Tenax Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array Atlantis Resources Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
OceanPlug Redes Energéticas Nacionais (REN) Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind
OpenHydro Alderney OpenHydro Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Torr Head Project OpenHydro Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Western Passage Tidal Energy Project Ocean Renewable Power Company Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Westray South Tidal Project DP Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
North West Lewis Wave Array Aquamarine Power Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Costa Head Wave Farm Archimedes Wave Swing Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Argyll Tidal Demonstrator Project Nautricity Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
West Islay Tidal Project DP Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Fair Head Tidal Array Fair Head Tidal Energy Park Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Anglesey Skerries Tidal Stream Array Atlantis Resources Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Farr Point Wave Array - Phase 1 Pelamis Wave Power Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site (AMETS) Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Brims Tidal Array OpenHydro, SSE Renewables Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Swansea Tidal Lagoon TBC Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Perpetuus Tidal Energy Centre (PTEC) Perpetuus Energy Limited Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Gray Whales, Eschrichtius robustus, Avoid the Underwater Sounds of Killer Whales, Orcinus orca Cummings, W., Thompson, P. March 1971 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Motionally Induced Electric and Magnetic Fields in the Sea Sanford, T. May 1971 Journal Article N/A EMF N/A
The Efficacy of Midwater Artificial Structures for Attracting Pelagic Sport Fish Wickham, D., Watson, J. Jr., Ogren, L. January 1973 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish
Directional Behaviour of Transplanted Stationary and Migratory Forms of the Eel, Anguilla anguilla, in a Circular Tank Tesch, F., Lelek, A. January 1973 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Human skin as an elastic membrane Danielson, D. September 1973 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device N/A
Haishan Tidal Power Plant Chinese Government December 1975 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
The Perception of Weak Electric D.C. Currents by the European Eel (Anguilla anguilla) Enger, P., Kristensen, L., Sand, O. July 1976 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Comparison of Simulation Models Used in Assessing the Effects of Power-Plant-Induced Mortality on Fish Populations Swartzman, G., Deriso, R., Cowan, C. May 1977 Conference Paper N/A Dynamic Device Fish
BaiShakou Tidal Power Station Chinese Government August 1978 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Assessment and Control of OTEC Physical Environmental Impacts Ditmars, J. November 1978 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat
Ten Years of Experience at the La Rance Tidal Power Plant Andre, H. December 1978 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Assessment and Control of OTEC Ecological Impacts Wilde, P., Sandusky, J., Jassby, A. December 1978 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Static Device Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Environmental Impact Assessment for Operational OTEC Platforms Sands, M. September 1979 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Jiangxia Pilot Tidal Power Plant China Guodian Corporation January 1980 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
A Characterization of Marine Mammals and Turtles in the Mid and North Atlantic Areas of the US Outer Continental Shelf Cetacean and Turtle Assessment Program June 1981 Report N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Reptiles
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Man-Made Structures on Marine Sediments: Effects on Adjacent Benthic Communities Davis, N., VanBlaricom, G., Dayton, P. January 1982 Journal Article N/A Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Environmental Effects Assessment Program Plan, 1981-85 NOAA Office of Ocean Minerals and Energy June 1982 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal, Static Device N/A
Electric and Magnetic Field Detection in Elasmobranch Fishes Kalmijn, A. November 1982 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Waterborne Noise Due to Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plants Janota, C., Thompson, D. July 1983 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Noise N/A
Annapolis Tidal Station Nova Scotia Power January 1984 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Optimal Avoidance and Evasion Tactics in Predator-Prey Interactions Weihs, D., Webb, P. January 1984 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem
Update on the Marine Environmental Consequences of Tidal Power Development in the Upper Reaches of the Bay of Fundy Gordon, D., Dadswell, M. June 1984 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Counting Seabirds at Sea from Ships: A Review of Methods Employed and a Suggestion for a Standardized Approach Tasker, M., et al. July 1984 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds
The Annapolis Tidal Power Project Head Pond Water Levels - Impacts and Mitigations Rice, R. September 1984 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Reconnaissance Geology and Geologic Hazards of the Offshore Coos Bay Basin, Oregon Clarke, S., Field, M., Hirozawa, C. January 1985 Report N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Diving Depths of Four Alcids Piatt, J., Nettleship, D. April 1985 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds
Preliminary Study of the Feeding Habits of Pelagic Fish around Hawaiian Fish Aggregation Devices or can Fish Aggregation Devices Enhance Local Fisheries Productivity? Brock, R. July 1985 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Potential Impacts from OTEC-Generated Underwater Sounds Rucker, J., Friedl, W. November 1985 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC Noise N/A
Potential Environmental Impacts of Open-Cycle Thermal Energy Conversion Quinby-Hunt, M., Wilde, P., Dengler, A. January 1986 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal N/A
The Potential Impact of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) on Fisheries Myers, E., et al. June 1986 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Energy Removal Fish
Potential Impact of Large-Scale Tidal Power Developments in the Upper Bay of Fundy on Fisheries Resources of the Northwest Atlantic Dadswell, M., Rulifson, R., Daborn, G. July 1986 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal, Static Device Fish
The 40 MWe OTEC Plant at Kahe Point, Oahu, Hawaii: A Case Study of Potential Biological Impacts Harrison, J. February 1987 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A N/A
Potential Environmental Impacts of Closed-Cycle Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Quinby-Hunt, M., Sloan, D., Wilde, P. June 1987 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal N/A
Effects of cold shock on egg, larval, and juvenile stages of tropical fishes: Potential impacts of ocean thermal energy conversion Lamadrid-Rose, Y., Boehlert, G. March 1988 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Fish
Are High Densities of Fishes at Artificial Reefs the Result of Habitat Limitation or Behavioral Preference? Bohnsack, J. March 1989 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish
A Review of Studies Related to the Effects of Propeller-Type Turbine Passage on Fish Early Life Stages Cada, G. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Entanglements of Baleen Whales in Fishing Gear off Southern California Heyning, J., Lewis, T. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics
Cetacean entanglement in fishing gear Hofman R. March 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Avoidance Responses of Loggerhead Turtles, Caretta caretta, to Low Frequency Sound O'Hara, J., Wilcox, J. June 1990 Journal Article N/A Noise Sea Turtles
Large-Scale Management Experiments and Learning By Doing Walter, C., Holling, C. December 1990 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Artificial Habitats for Marine and Freshwater Fisheries Seaman, W. Jr. October 1991 Book Chapter N/A Static Device Fish
A Review of Killer Whale Interactions with Other Marine Mammals: Predation to Co-existence Jefferson, T., Stacey, P., Baird, R. December 1991 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Evidence that Fin Whales Respond to the Geomagnetic Field During Migration Walker, M., et al. July 1992 Journal Article N/A EMF Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Tortora, G., Grabowski, S. January 1993 Book N/A N/A N/A
Environmental Magnetic Fields: Influences on Early Embryogenesis Cameron, I., et al. April 1993 Journal Article N/A EMF N/A
Red and White Muscle Activity and Kinematics of the Escape Response of the Bluegill Sunfish during Swimming Jayne, B., Lauder, G. April 1993 Journal Article N/A N/A Fish
Effects of Seismic Shooting on Catch and Catch-Availability of Cod and Haddock Engas, A., et al. August 1993 Report N/A Noise Fish
Ocean Energies: Environmental, Economic and Technological Aspects of Alternative Power Sources Charlier, R., Justus, J. September 1993 Book Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
The Direction Change Concept for Reticulospinal Control of Goldfish Escape Foreman, M., Eaton, R. October 1993 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Intertidal Ecology and Potential Power Impacts, Bay of Fundy, Canada Gordon, D. Jr. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Shorebirds, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Low-Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals: Current Knowledge and Research Needs Ocean Studies Board January 1994 Book Chapter N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Tidal Power and the Aquatic Environment of La Rance Retiere, C. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Birds, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Renewable Energy From the Ocean: A Guide to OTEC Avery, W., Wu, C. January 1994 Book Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Macrotidal Estuaries: A Region of Collision Between Migratory Marine Animals and Tidal Power Development Dadswell, M., Rulifson, R. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish, Marine Mammals
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Changes in Area, Geomorphology and Sediment Nature of Salt Marshes in the Oosterschelde Estuary (SW Netherlands) Due to Tidal Changes de Jong, D., de Jong, Z., Mulder, J. May 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Hydroacoustic Remote Sensing for Artificial Habitats Thorne, R. September 1994 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Static Device Fish
A Pilot Study of the Distribution and Abundances of Rockfishes in Relation to Natural Environmental Factors and an Offshore Oil and Gas Production Platform off the Coast of Southern California Love, M., et al. September 1994 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish
A Review of Cetacean and Pinniped Mortality in Coastal Fisheries Along the West Coast of the USA and Canada and the East Coast of the Russian Federation Barlow, J., et al. November 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Diving behaviour of harbour porpoises, Phocoena phocoena Westgate, A., et al. May 1995 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
Effects of Underwater Sounds on Escape Behavior of Steller Sea Lions Akamatsu, T., et al. January 1996 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Influences of Man-Made Noise and Other Human Actions on Cetacean Behaviour Richardson, W., Würsig, B. January 1997 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Locomotor design of dolphin vertebral columns: bending mechanics and morphology of Delphinus delphis Long, J., et al. January 1997 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Wind Wildlife Impacts Literature Database (WILD) National Renewable Energy Laboratory January 1997 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Estimating Harbour Seal Abundance and Status in an Estuarine Habitat in North-East Scotland Thompson, P., et al. February 1997 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The kinematics and performance of fish fast-start swimming Domenici, P., Blake, R. February 1997 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Effect of Modified Magnetic Field on the Ocean Migration of Maturing Chum Salmon, Oncorhynchus keta Yano, A., et al. April 1997 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Sound Speed and Void Fraction Profiles in the Sea Surface Bubble Layer Buckingham, M. July 1997 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Magnetoreception: Homing in on Vertebrates Kirschvink, J. November 1997 Journal Article N/A EMF N/A
Using Geographic Information Systems to Predict North Atlantic Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis) Habitat Moses, E., Finn, J. December 1997 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Sensitivity and Response Dynamics of Elasmobranch Electrosensory Primary Afferent Neurons to Near Threshold Fields Tricas, T., New, J. December 1997 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
US National Ocean Service's Estuarine Bathymetry NOAA’s National Ocean Service Special Projects January 1998 Website N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates
A Survey of Acoustic Harassment Device (AHD) Use in the Bay of Fundy, NB, Canada Johnston, D., Woodley, T. January 1998 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Calculating Limits to the Allowable Human-Caused Mortality of Cetaceans and Pinnipeds Wade, P. January 1998 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds

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