Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort descending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Human skin as an elastic membrane Danielson, D. September 1973 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device N/A
A Review of Studies Related to the Effects of Propeller-Type Turbine Passage on Fish Early Life Stages Cada, G. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Macrotidal Estuaries: A Region of Collision Between Migratory Marine Animals and Tidal Power Development Dadswell, M., Rulifson, R. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish, Marine Mammals
Hydroacoustic Remote Sensing for Artificial Habitats Thorne, R. September 1994 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Static Device Fish
Fish Behavior in Relation to Passage through Hydropower Turbines: A Review Coutant, C., Whitney, R. January 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Collisions Between Ships and Whales Laist, D., et al. January 2001 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Mortality and Serious Injury of Northern Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in the Western North Atlantic Ocean Knowlton, A., Kraus, S. January 2001 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Survival Estimates for Juvenile Fish Subjected to a Laboratory-Generated Shear Environment Neitzel, D., et al. January 2004 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Fish
North Atlantic Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) Ignore Ships but Respond to Alerting Stimuli Nowacek, D., Johnson, M., Tyack, P. February 2004 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation
Use of Pressure-Sensitive Film to Quantify Sources of Injury to Fish Cada, G., Smith, J., Busey, J. January 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Offshore renewable energy: ecological implications of generating electricity in the coastal zone Gill, A. August 2005 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, EMF, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
A Test for Bias Attributable to Seabird Avoidance of Ships during Surveys Conducted in the Tropical Pacific Borberg, J., et al. January 2006 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Efforts to Reduce Mortality to Hydroelectric Turbine-Passed Fish: Locating and Quantifying Damaging Shear Stresses Cada, G., et al. February 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Experimental Modeling of Large Whale Entanglement Injuries Woodward, B., et al. April 2006 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Methods Used During Gross Necropsy to Determine Watercraft-Related Mortality in the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) Lightsey, J., et al. September 2006 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Forensic Methods for Characterizing Watercraft from Watercraft-Induced Wounds on the Florida Manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) Rommel, S., et al. January 2007 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Navigation
Vessel Collisions with Whales: The Probability of Lethal Injury Based on Vessel Speed Vanderlaan, A., Taggart, C. January 2007 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation
Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Kaplan Turbines Deng, Z., et al. November 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Gross and Histologic Evidence of Sharp and Blunt Trauma in North Atlantic Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) Killed by Vessels Campbell-Malone, R., et al. March 2008 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation
Barging Effects On Sensory Systems Of Chinook Salmon Smolts Halvorsen, M., et al. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Hydrodynamics of a Ship/Whale Collision Silber, G., Slutsky, J., Bettridge, S. May 2010 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation
Potential Impacts of Wave-Powered Marine Renewable Energy Installations on Marine Birds Grecian, W., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Seabirds
Use of an Autonomous Sensor to Evaluate the Biological Performance of the Advanced Turbine at Wanapum Dam Deng, Z., et al. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Fish Passage Assessment of an Advanced Hydropower Turbine and Conventional Turbine Using Blade-Strike Modeling Deng, Z., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Characterizing and monitoring marine nekton at Puget Sound’s renewable energy site Horne, J., et al. April 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Energy Removal Invertebrates
Ecology of Fishes in a High-Latitude, Turbid River with Implications for the Impacts of Hydrokinetic Devices Seitz, A., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal Fish
Unusual Mortality of Pinnipeds in the United Kingdom Associated with Helical (Corkscrew) Injuries of Anthropogenic Origin Bexton, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Target Strength of Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca): Measurement and Modeling Xu, J., et al. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Symmetry: The Key to Diagnosing Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
The Assessment of Lethal Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Absolute Probability Estimates of Lethal Vessel Strikes to North Atlantic Right Whales in Roseway Basin, Scotian Shelf van der Hoop, J., Vanderlaan, A., Taggart, C. April 2012 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation
Assessing the Sensitivity of Seabird Populations to Adverse Effects from Tidal Stream Turbines and Wave Energy Devices Furness, R., et al. June 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds
Vessel Operator Response to a Voluntary Measure for Reducing Collisions with Whales Silber, G., Adams, J., Bettridge, S. June 2012 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Navigation, Stakeholder Engagement
Criteria and Case Definitions for Serious Injury and Death of Pinnipeds and Cetaceans Caused by Anthropogenic Trauma Moore, M., et al. April 2013 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Assessment of Zooplankton Injury and Mortality Associated With Underwater Turbines for Tidal Energy Production Schlezinger, D., Taylor, C., Howes, B. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Ecosystem
Tidal barrages in the UK: Ecological and social impacts, potential mitigation, and tools to support barrage planning Hooper, T., Austen, M. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Ecosystem
Diving Behaviour of Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle in the Pentland Firth, UK: Potential for Interactions with Tidal Stream Energy Developments Masden, E., Foster, S., Jackson, A. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
Hydrokinetic Turbine Effects on Fish Swimming Behaviour Hammar, L., et al. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Using a Spatial Overlap Approach to Estimate the Risk of Collisions between Deep Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines: A Review of Potential Methods and Approaches Waggitt, J., Scott, B. February 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
Fish Navigation of Large Dams Emerges from their Modulation of Flow Field Experience Goodwin, R., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Quantifying Barotrauma Risk to Juvenile Fish during Hydro-Turbine Passage Richmond, M., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Demonstrating a New Framework for the Comparison of Environmental Impacts from Small- and Large-Scale Hydropower and Wind Power Projects Bakken, T., et al. July 2014 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Static Device Farfield Environment
An International Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Copping, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Simulating Blade-Strike on Fish Passing Through Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines Romero-Gomez, P., Richmond, M. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Environmental Risk Evaluation System - An Approach to Ranking Risk of Ocean Energy Development on Coastal and Estuarine Environments Copping, A., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Animal Reactions to Oncoming Vehicles: A Conceptual Review Lima, S., et al. January 2015 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Birds, Marine Mammals
Evaluation of Behavior and Survival of Fish Exposed to an Axial-Flow Hydrokinetic Turbine Amaral, S., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
A Probabilistic Model for Hydrokinetic Turbine Collision Risks: Exploring Impacts on Fish Hammar, L., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluating Threats in Multinational Marine Ecosystems: A Coast Salish First Nations and Tribal Perspective Gaydos, J., Thixton, S., Donatuto, J. December 2015 Journal Article N/A Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Noise Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Navigation
A Self-Contained Subsea Platform for Acoustic Monitoring of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites in Orkney, Scotland Williamson, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
A fish-eye view of riverine hydropower systems: the current understanding of the biological response to turbine passage Pracheil, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
The expected efficiency and coastal impact of a hybrid energy farm operating in the Portuguese nearshore Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion: Technology, Research, and Outlook Laws, N., Epps, B. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
A Review on the Technology, Performance, Design Optimization, Reliability, Techno-Economics and Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems Kumar, D., Sarkar, S. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
Parameterization of wind turbine impacts on hydrodynamics and sediment transport Rivier, A., et al. September 2016 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Numerical Simulations of the Effects of a Tidal Turbine Array on Near-Bed Velocity and Local Bed Shear Stress Gillibrand, P., Walters, R., McIlvenny, J. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
Computational Prediction of Pressure Change in the Vicinity of Tidal Stream Turbines and the Consequences for Fish Survival Rate Zangiabadi, E., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Fish
Impact assessment of marine current turbines on fish behavior using an experimental approach based on the similarity law Zhang, J., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Operational Noise from Tidal Turbine Arrays and the Assessment of Collision Risk with Marine Mammals Marmo, B. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Noise Marine Mammals
Downstream migration of Atlantic salmon smolts past a low head hydropower station equippped with Archimedes screw and Francis turbines Havn, T., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Hydroacoustic Assessment of Behavioral Responses by Fish Passing Near an Operating Tidal Turbine in the East River, New York Bevelhimer, M., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Understanding the Potential Risk to Marine Mammals from Collision with Tidal Turbines Copping, A., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Efficient unstructured mesh generation for marine renewable energy applications Avdis, A., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
A Tool for Simulating Collision Probabilities of Animals with Marine Renewable Energy Devices Schmitt, P., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Sensitivity of tidal lagoon and barrage hydrodynamic impacts and energy outputs to operational characteristics Angeloudis, A., Falconer, R. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Ecosystem
First in situ Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammals during Operation of a Tidal Turbine in Ramsey Sound, Wales Malinka, C., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Predictive model for local scour downstream of hydrokinetic turbines in erodible channels Musa, M., Heisel, M., Guala, M. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Local scour around a model hydrokinetic turbine in an erodible channel Hill, C., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics Ramírez-Mendoza, R., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection: a case study with birds diving in tidal waters Cole, E., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Long‐term effect of a tidal, hydroelectric propeller turbine on the populations of three anadromous fish species Dadswell, M., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Applying a simple model for estimating the likelihood of collision of marine mammals with tidal turbines Copping, A., Grear, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Empirical measures of harbor seal behavior and avoidance of an operational tidal turbine Joy, R., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
A dynamic risk assessment method to address safety of navigation concerns around offshore renewable energy installations Mehdi, R., Baldauf, M., Deeb, H. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Static Device Socio-economics, Navigation
Mortality and Injury Assessment for Three Species of Fish Exposed to Simulated Turbine Blade Strike Bevelhimer, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Nearfield Habitat, Environmental Impact Assessment
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