Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States. The institute adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. MIT's early emphasis on applied technology at the undergraduate and graduate levels led to close cooperation with industry. Today, the Institute comprises various academic departments with a strong emphasis on scientific, engineering, and technological education and research.