United Kingdom



The United Kingdom (UK) is located in Northern Europe, covering 242,495 km2 (93,628 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 66.2 Million (2017).  The UK’s primary energy production is 1,245 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 32 MWh (UN data, 2017). Oil is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014).  102 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2015, the UK has 3,200 kW installed capacity of tidal energy (OES). The UK is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems, participating in Annex IV.

 

As of 2016, the UK has 15,700 MW total installed wind power capacity, including 5,100 MW offshore capacity (IEA Wind). The UK generated 38 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). The UK is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 694
Title Author Date Type of Content Technology Typesort descending Stressor Receptor
Hebridean Marine Energy Futures (HMEF) March 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Impacts of Large Scale Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Regional Wave Climate January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Impacts of TEC and WEC Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics August 2008 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Large Scale Interactive Coupled 3D Modelled for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact (TeraWatt) February 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Field Based Experimental Studies of Marine Organism Response to Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Associated with Marine Renewable Energy Devices: Understanding the Environmental Impacts January 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Marine Fish Response to Pile Driving Sound January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland (MREDS) May 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment (MaREE) January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders: From Understanding Conflict to Impact Mitigation January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Socio-economics
Peninsula Research Institute for Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Navigation
Pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters April 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Quantifying Benefits and Impacts of Fishing Exclusion Zones on Bio-Resources around Marine Renewable Energy Installations (QBEX) January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Sub-Mesoscale Flow Regime Modeling and the Influence of Energy Extraction at a Tidal Energy Site April 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
SuperGen Marine Energy Research October 2003 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals
The Ecological Impacts of Tidal Energy Development October 2008 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
The Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment (FAME) January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds
Understanding Benthic Productivity on Artificial Structures: Maximising the Benefit of Marine Renewable Energy Devices May 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Understanding How Marine Renewable Device Operations Influence Fine Scale Habitat Use & Behaviour of Marine Vertebrates (RESPONSE) January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Marine Mammals
Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment Electromagnetic Field (COWRIE EMF) Research January 2003 Research Study Annex IV EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Impacts of Offshore Renewable Energy Devices on Population Connectivity October 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals
Statistical Modelling of Bird and Cetacean Distributions in Offshore Renewables Development Areas January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals
A Diving Bird Collision Risk Assessment Framework for Tidal Turbines January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Pentland Firth Tidal Stream Modelling Using Stanford Unstructured Non-hydrostatic Terrain-Following Adaptive Navier-Stokes Simulator (SUNTANS) January 2006 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Modelling Foraging Strategies in High Energy Environments (FORSITE) January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Partnership for Research In Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Marine Energy Research Innovation and Knowledge Accelorator (MERIKA) March 2014 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Atlantis Resources Corporation at EMEC August 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Billia Croo Grid-Connected Wave Test Site October 2003 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Fall of Warness Grid-Connected Tidal Test Site July 2005 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Scapa Flow Non Grid-Connected Wave Test Site September 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Shapinsay Sound Non Grid-Connected Nursery Tidal Test Site September 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Ocean Flow Energy - Sanda Sound August 2014 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
OpenHydro Alderney Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
OpenHydro at EMEC May 2008 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Oyster 1 at EMEC November 2009 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Oyster 800 at EMEC June 2012 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Pelamis Wave Power P2 Demonstration at EMEC October 2010 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Ramsey Sound December 2015 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Strangford Lough - MCT (Seagen) July 2008 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Torr Head Project Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Wave Hub November 2010 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Wave Dragon Pre-Commercial Demonstration Project March 2003 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Westray South Tidal Project Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Yell Sound September 2002 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
North West Lewis Wave Array Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Ocean Power Technologies Moray Firth April 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Costa Head Wave Farm Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Argyll Tidal Demonstrator Project Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
West Islay Tidal Project Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Fair Head Tidal Array Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project - Phase I November 2016 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Anglesey Skerries Tidal Stream Array Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Farr Point Wave Array - Phase 1 Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Project Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Wello Penguin at EMEC January 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Falmouth Bay Test Site (FaBTest) January 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Wave Dragon Project - Milla Fjord Site Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
PLAT-O at EMEC Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Brims Tidal Array Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
HS1000 at EMEC December 2011 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Nautricity at EMEC March 2017 Project Site Annex IV Tidal
ScotRenewables SR2000 at EMEC October 2016 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Swansea Tidal Lagoon Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Minesto Holyhead Deep - Phase 1 (0.5MW) Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Voith HyTide at EMEC September 2013 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Nova Innovation - Shetland Tiday Array (Bluemull Sound) March 2016 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Perpetuus Tidal Energy Centre (PTEC) Planned Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Tocardo InToTidal - EMEC May 2017 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
CorPower Ocean – Scapa Flow, EMEC January 2018 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Eco Wave Power wave energy power station Gibraltar May 2016 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
40MW Oyster Wave Array North West Coast, Isle of Lewis Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
A Case Study on the Effects of Underwater Noise During the Construction of Large Offshore Wind Farms Mason, T., Barham, R., Nedwell, J. November 2012 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise
A Comparison of Underwater Noise at Two High Energy Sites Willis, M., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. September 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Socio-economics
A Quantitative, Non-Destructive Methodology for Habitat Characterisation and Benthic Monitoring at Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Sheehan, E., Stevens, T., Attrill, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Report on the Perceptions of the Fishing Industry into the Potential Socio-Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind Energy Developments on their Work Patterns and Income Mackinson, S., et al. October 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Fish, Socio-economics
Future Offshore: A Strategic Framework for the Offshore Wind Industry UK Department of Trade and Industry November 2002 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
A Review of Offshore Windfarm Related Underwater Noise Sources Nedwell, J., Howell, D. October 2004 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise
A Review of the Potential Water Quality Impacts of Tidal Renewable Energy Systems Kadiri, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Abundance and Behaviour of Cetaceans and Basking Sharks in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Evans, P., Baines, M., Coppock, J. January 2011 Report Fish, Marine Mammals
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Socio-economics
Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (MALSF): Achievements and Challenges for the Future Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund March 2010 Report Marine Energy general Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Aerial Survey of Seabirds: The Advent of Digital Methods Buckland, S., et al. August 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds
Aerial Surveys of Waterbirds in Strategic Wind Farm Areas Bloor, P., Wratten, A. May 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds, Passerines, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl
An Assessment of the Conservation Importance of Species and Habitats Identified During a Series of Recent Research Cruises around Scotland Moore, C., Roberts, J. January 2011 Report Nearfield Habitat
An Introduction to Socio-Economic Assessment within a Marine Strategy Framework Turner, R., et al. March 2010 Report Socio-economics
An Investigation into the Effects of Underwater Piling Noise on Salmonids Nedwell, J., et al. November 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
An Overview of the Environmental Impact of Non-Wind Renewable Energy Systems in the Marine Environment OSPAR Commission January 2006 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave
An Investigation of the Impacts of Climate Change on Wave Energy Generation: The Wave Hub, Cornwall, UK Reeve, D., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave
An Experimental Investigation on Cavitation, Noise, and Slipstream Characteristics of Ocean Stream Turbines Wang, D., Altar, M., Sampson, R. August 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal, Noise
Analysis of Marine Environmental Monitoring Plan Data from the Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm, Scotland (Operational Year 1) Walls, R., et al. January 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Nearfield Habitat
Assessing the Responses of Coastal Cetaceans to the Construction of Offshore Wind Turbines Thompson, P., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Assessing the Sensitivity of Seabird Populations to Adverse Effects from Tidal Stream Turbines and Wave Energy Devices Furness, R., et al. June 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds
Assessing the Impacts of Wind Farms on Birds Drewitt, A., Langston, R. March 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Assessing Underwater Noise Levels during Pile-Driving at an Offshore Windfarm and its Potential Effects on Marine Mammals Bailey, H., et al. June 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Assessing Vulnerability of Marine Bird Populations to Offshore Wind Farms Furness, R., Wade, H., Masden, E. April 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds

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