United Kingdom



The United Kingdom (UK) is located in Northern Europe, covering 242,495 km2 (93,628 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 66.2 Million (2017).  The UK’s primary energy production is 1,245 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 32 MWh (UN data, 2017). Oil is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014).  102 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2015, the UK has 3,200 kW installed capacity of tidal energy (OES). The UK is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems, participating in Annex IV.

 

As of 2016, the UK has 15,700 MW total installed wind power capacity, including 5,100 MW offshore capacity (IEA Wind). The UK generated 38 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). The UK is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 741
Title Author Date Type of Contentsort ascending Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Westray South Tidal Project Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Wave Dragon Pre-Commercial Demonstration Project March 2003 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Nautricity at EMEC April 2017 Project Site OES-Environmental Tidal
ScotRenewables SR2000 at EMEC October 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
OpenHydro Alderney Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Ocean Flow Energy - Sanda Sound August 2014 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Swansea Tidal Lagoon Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Shapinsay Sound Non Grid-Connected Nursery Tidal Test Site September 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Scapa Flow Non Grid-Connected Wave Test Site September 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Fall of Warness Grid-Connected Tidal Test Site July 2005 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Minesto Holyhead Deep - Non-grid connected DG500 June 2018 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Voith HyTide at EMEC September 2013 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Wave Hub November 2010 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general
Torr Head Project Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Strangford Lough - MCT (SeaGen) July 2008 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
North West Lewis Wave Array Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Ramsey Sound December 2015 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Pelamis Wave Power P2 Demonstration at EMEC October 2010 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Oyster 800 at EMEC June 2012 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Oyster 1 at EMEC November 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
OpenHydro at EMEC May 2008 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Billia Croo Grid-Connected Wave Test Site October 2003 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Wave Dragon Project - Milla Fjord Site Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Wello Penguin at EMEC January 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Eco Wave Power wave energy power station Gibraltar May 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Atlantis Resources Corporation at EMEC August 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
PLAT-O at EMEC September 2019 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
CorPower Ocean – Scapa Flow, EMEC January 2018 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Falmouth Bay Test Site (FaBTest) January 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Costa Head Wave Farm Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Brims Tidal Array Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
HS1000 at EMEC December 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Tocardo InToTidal - EMEC May 2017 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
A Diving Bird Collision Risk Assessment Framework for Tidal Turbines January 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Pentland Firth Tidal Stream Modelling Using Stanford Unstructured Non-hydrostatic Terrain-Following Adaptive Navier-Stokes Simulator (SUNTANS) January 2006 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Impacts of Large Scale Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Regional Wave Climate January 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Large Scale Interactive Coupled 3D Modelled for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact (TeraWatt) February 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Statistical Modelling of Bird and Cetacean Distributions in Offshore Renewables Development Areas January 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney January 2009 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals
Impacts of Offshore Renewable Energy Devices on Population Connectivity October 2010 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) January 2011 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Understanding Benthic Productivity on Artificial Structures: Maximising the Benefit of Marine Renewable Energy Devices May 2011 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Energy Research Innovation and Knowledge Accelorator (MERIKA) March 2014 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment Electromagnetic Field (COWRIE EMF) Research January 2003 Research Study OES-Environmental EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Partnership for Research In Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) January 2013 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Reptiles, Socio-economics
Modelling Foraging Strategies in High Energy Environments (FORSITE) January 2013 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Peninsula Research Institute for Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) January 2009 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Navigation
Pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters April 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Quantifying Benefits and Impacts of Fishing Exclusion Zones on Bio-Resources around Marine Renewable Energy Installations (QBEX) January 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Sub-Mesoscale Flow Regime Modeling and the Influence of Energy Extraction at a Tidal Energy Site April 2012 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Understanding How Marine Renewable Device Operations Influence Fine Scale Habitat Use & Behaviour of Marine Vertebrates (RESPONSE) January 2011 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Marine Mammals
SuperGen Marine Energy Research October 2003 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals
The Ecological Impacts of Tidal Energy Development October 2008 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders: From Understanding Conflict to Impact Mitigation January 2009 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Socio-economics
The Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment (FAME) January 2010 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds
Impacts of TEC and WEC Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics August 2008 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment (MaREE) January 2010 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland (MREDS) May 2007 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Fish Response to Pile Driving Sound January 2009 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Field Based Experimental Studies of Marine Organism Response to Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Associated with Marine Renewable Energy Devices: Understanding the Environmental Impacts January 2007 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Hebridean Marine Energy Futures (HMEF) March 2011 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Predictable Hydrodynamic Conditions Explain Temporal Variations in the Density of Benthic Foraging Seabirds in a Tidal Stream Environment Waggitt, J., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds, Seabirds
Sediment Transport in the Pentland Firth and Impacts of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction Fairley, I., Masters, I., Karunarathna, H. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Modelling the Response of Sandbank Dynamics to Tidal Energy Extraction Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. June 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
The Birds of Blyth Harbour Still, D., et al. June 1994 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Shorebirds
Post-Construction Results from The North Hoyle Offshore Wind Farm May, J. September 2005 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals
The Simulation of Nearshore Wave Energy Converters and their Associated Impacts around the Outer Hebrides Greenwood, C., Christie, D., Venugopal, V. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal
Simulating Harbour Porpoise Habitat Use in a 3D Tidal Environment Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, T. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Eco-Maintenance for Complex Systems: Application on System of Renewable Energy Production Tchertchian, N., Millet, D. November 2014 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Surveying Marine Mammals in Nearby Tidal Energy Development Sites: a Comparison Benjamins, S., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Farfield Environment, Marine Mammals
An Integrated Solution to Real Time Marine Mammal Monitoring for Tidal Turbines Bromley, P., Boake, C., Broudic, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Marine Mammals
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus Migration in Relation to Offshore Wind Farms Griffin, L., Rees, E., Hughes, B. October 2010 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Waterfowl
Long-Term Multibeam Measurements Around a Tidal Turbine Test Site in Orkney, Scotland Blondel, P., Williamson, B. August 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Acoustic Imaging around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments of the FLOWBEC Platform Williamson, B., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Nearfield Habitat
Gathering the Perspectives and Experience from Test Sites and Device Developers for Environmental and Socio Economic Impact Assessment of Wave Energy Magagna, D., et al. May 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Socio-economics
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sea Bed Morphology Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H. June 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Understanding the Role of Stakeholders in the Wave Energy Consenting Process: Engagement and Sensitivities Simas, T., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Wave Climate Investigation for an Array of Wave Power Devices Venugopal, V., Smith, G. January 2007 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal
Short Term Temporal Behavioural Responses in Pollack, Pollachius pollachius to Marine Tidal Turbine Devices; a Combined Video and ADCP Doppler Approach Broadhurst, M., Barr, S. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Fish
Measurements of Shoreline Wave Action to Establish Possible Environmental and Ecological Effects from Wave Energy Converter Arrays Beharie, R. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal
A Comparison of Underwater Noise at Two High Energy Sites Willis, M., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise
Impact of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Operation on Nearshore Processes Neill, S., Iglesias, G. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Nearfield Habitat
Impact of Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics Neill, S., Couch, S. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Algorithms for Marine Mammal Modelling and an Application in Ramsey Sound Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. January 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Methods for Individual Based Modelling of Harbour Porpoise Croft, N., Masters, I., Lake, T. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Particles as Porpoise - Applying CFD Results to Environmental Interactions Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Modelling the Vertical Directivity of Noise from Underwater Drilling Ward, P., Needham, K. December 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise
An Overview of the Environmental Impact of Non-Wind Renewable Energy Systems in the Marine Environment OSPAR Commission January 2006 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave
Effects of a Tidal Lagoon on the Hydrodynamics of Swansea Bay, Wales, UK Horrillo-Caraballo, J., et al. May 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal
The Development of a Targeted Environmental Monitoring Strategy and the Streamlining of Marine Renewables Consents in Scotland Norris, J. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Socio-economics
Hydrodynamic Response to Large Scale Tidal Energy Extraction Brown, A., Neill, S. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
A Case Study on the Effects of Underwater Noise During the Construction of Large Offshore Wind Farms Mason, T., Barham, R., Nedwell, J. November 2012 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise
Riding the waves: use of the Pelamis device by seabirds Jackson, A. April 2014 Conference Paper Wave Static Device Seabirds
Request for advice about the displacement of marine mammals around operational offshore windfarms Alcock, P. October 2012 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Lessons Learnt from MeyGen Phase 1a: Design Phase MeyGen May 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal
Request for advice on the populations of cetaceans that might be involved in significant interactions with marine renewable energy developments in Scottish marine waters Northridge, S. August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strategic Surveys of Seabirds off the West Coast of Lewis to Determine Use of Seaspace in Areas of Potential Marine Renewable Energy Developments Simpson, M., Woodward, R. July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals

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