United Kingdom



The United Kingdom (UK) is located in Northern Europe, covering 242,495 km2 (93,628 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 66.2 Million (2017).  The UK’s primary energy production is 1,245 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 32 MWh (UN data, 2017). Oil is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014).  102 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2015, the UK has 3,200 kW installed capacity of tidal energy (OES). The UK is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems, participating in Annex IV.

 

As of 2016, the UK has 15,700 MW total installed wind power capacity, including 5,100 MW offshore capacity (IEA Wind). The UK generated 38 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). The UK is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 734
Title Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptorsort descending
Sustainable Development for Welsh Seas: Our Approach to Marine Planning in Wales Welsh Assembly Government February 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Scotland's National Marine Plan - A Single Framework for Managing Our Seas Marine Scotland March 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Development of Offshore Renewable Energy in Scotland's Seas: Research Implementation Strategy Scottish Government September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind
East Inshore and East Offshore Marine Plans Marine Management Organisation April 2014 Report Socio-economics
A World First: Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Review Waters, S., Aggidis, G. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Estimates of Collision Risk of Harbour Porpoises and Marine Renewable Energy Devices at Sites of High Tidal-Stream Energy Wilson, B., et al. November 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
An Evaluation of the Use of Shore-Based Surveys for Estimating Spatial Overlap between Deep-Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines Waggitt, J., Bell, P., Scott, B. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds
Assessing Significance of Impacts from Onshore Windfarms on Birds Outwith Designated Areas Scottish Natural Heritage July 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds
Bird Sensitivity Map to Provide Locational Guidance for Onshore Wind Farms in Scotland Bright, J., et al. June 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds
Estimates and Correlates of Bird and Bat Mortality at Small Wind Turbine Sites Minderman, J., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device Bats, Birds
A Quantitative-Based Evaluation of the Environmental Impact and Sustainability of a Proposed Onshore Wind Farm in the United Kingdom Phillips, J. September 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind
Spatial Framework Assessment and Assessment Criteria for On-Shore Wind Energy Development in West Lothian West Lothian Council April 2015 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind
Turbine Search Methods and Carcass Removal Trials at the Braes of Doune Windfarm Duffy, K., Steward, M. April 2008 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds, Raptors
HS1000 1 MW Tidal Turbine at EMEC: Supporting Documentation Xodus AURORA August 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal
Counting Seabirds at Sea from Ships: A Review of Methods Employed and a Suggestion for a Standardized Approach Tasker, M., et al. July 1984 Journal Article Birds, Seabirds
Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) Foraging Strategy at a High-Energy, Near-Shore Site in South-West Wales Pierpoint, C. September 2008 Journal Article Marine Mammals
Developing an Avian Collision Risk Model to Incorporate Variability and Uncertainty Masden, E. September 2015 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Habitat Preferences and Interannual Variability in Occurrence of the Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena off Northwest Scotland Marubini, F., et al. April 2009 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Using Habitat Models to Identify Suitable Sites for Marine Protected Areas for Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) Embling, C., et al. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Habitat Preferences and Distribution of the Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena West of Scotland Booth, C., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Estimating Harbour Seal Abundance and Status in an Estuarine Habitat in North-East Scotland Thompson, P., et al. February 1997 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Geographical Variation in Temporal and Spatial Vocalization Patterns of Male Harbour Seals in the Mating Season Van Parijs, S., Hastie, G., Thompson, P. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessment of Collision Risk for Seals and Tidal Stream Turbines Davies, I., Thompson, F. January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Strangford Lough and the SeaGen Tidal Turbine Savidge, G., et al. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal
An Interim Framework for Assessing the Population Consequences of Disturbance King, S., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Marine Mammals Philpott, E., Tollit, D., Mackey, B. August 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Underwater Noise Pattenden, A., Thomsen, F., Walker, R. January 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Birds Budgey, R., Ormston, C. August 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Benthic Ecology Walker, R., et al. August 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Temporal Variation in Environmental Conditions and the Structure of Fish Assemblages around an Offshore Oil Platform in the North Sea Fujii, T. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
What Drives Attitudes towards Marine Renewable Energy Development in Island Communities in the UK? de Groot, J., Bailey, I. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Practical Experience of Sectoral Planning for Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland Davies, I., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Costa Head Wave Farm: Scoping Report Offshore Project Infrastructure Xodus Group May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave
Studies of Harbour Seal Behaviour in Areas of High Tidal Energy: Part 1. Movements and Diving Behaviour of Harbour Seals in Kyle Rhea Thompson, D. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Impact of Tidal Energy Arrays Located in Regions of Tidal Asymmetry Neill, S. March 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
The Hebridean Wave Model Christie, D. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave
The Simulation of Nearshore Wave Energy Converters and their Associated Impacts around the Outer Hebrides Greenwood, C., Christie, D., Venugopal, V. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal
The Turbulent Wake of a Monopile Foundation Rogan, C., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal
Wales' Marine Evidence Report Welsh Government October 2015 Report Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals
Wave Dragon Project - Milla Fjord Site Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Further Development and Testing of the EMEC Integrated Environmental Monitoring Platform Wragg, O. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Partnership for Research In Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) January 2013 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Reptiles, Socio-economics
Councils in Partnership: A Local Authority Perspective on Marine Spatial Planning Turnbull, S. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Management of Sustainable Fisheries Alongside Marine Renewables: Modelling the Spatial Interactions Bell, M., Side, J., Walker, K. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics, Fishing
New Perspectives on Fisheries: Combining the Distribution of Inshore and Offshore Commercial Fisheries in Scotland Kafas, A., et al. April 2014 Presentation Socio-economics, Fishing
Perceptions of the Inshore Wave Resource by Beach Water Users in the Lee of Wave Hub Stokes, C. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Socio-economics, Recreation, Stakeholder Engagement
Salmon in Scottish Coastal Waters: Recent Advancements in Knowledge in Relation to their Interactions with Marine Renewable Energy Installations Godfrey, J., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Fish
Assessing the Impact of Man-Made Underwater Noise from Marine Renewable in the Outer Hebrides Ward, P. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Noise
Littoral Characterisation of West Mainland Orkney: The Relationship between Wave Energy, Topography and the Biological Community Want, A., Side, J., Bell, M. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Benthic Invertebrates
A Combination of Empirical and Modelled Datasets Reveals Associations between Deep Diving Seabirds and Oceanographical Processes at Fine Spatiotemporal Scales in a High Energy Habitat Waggitt, J., et al. April 2014 Presentation Birds
Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: What are the Issues of Concern and how are they being Resolved? Wilson, B., Hastie, G., Benjamins, S. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals
Exploring the Movements of Atlantic Salmon around Scottish Coasts, using Historical Tagging Data and a Simple Agent-Based Modelling Approach Guerin, A., Jackson, A., Youngson, A. May 2014 Presentation Fish
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments [Presentation] Benjamins, S., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Use of Population Viability Analysis (PVA) to Assess the Potential for Long Term Impacts from Piling Noise on Marine Mammal Populations - A Case Study from the Scottish East Coast De Silva, R., et al. May 2014 Presentation Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Impacts of Tidal-Stream Energy Converter (TEC) Arrays in Relation to the Natural Variability of Sedimentary Processes Robins, P., Neill, S., Lewis, M. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Potential Environmental Impact of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Pentland Firth at Large Spatial Scales: Results of a Biogeochemical Model van der Molen, J., Ruardij, P., Greenwood, N. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Challenge of Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring in High-Energy Environments: UK Tidal Environments and Other Case Studies Booth, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind
The Number and Distribution of Marine Mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2005 - July 2006 Duck, C., et al. August 2006 Report Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sea Bed Morphology Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H. June 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Modelling the Response of Sandbank Dynamics to Tidal Energy Extraction Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. June 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal
Tracking Porpoise Underwater Movements in Tidal Rapids using Drifting Hydrophone Arrays. Filling a Key Information Gap for Assessing Collision Risk Gordon, J., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Movement Patterns of Seals in Tidally Energetic Sites: Implications for Renewable Energy Development Hastie, G., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: Understanding True Collision Risk Sparling, C., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Monitoring Spatial Variability for Marine Energy Sites Ashton, I., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general
Modelling Changes to Physical Environmental Impacts Due to Wave Energy Array Layouts Smith, H., Ashton, I. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Farfield Environment
The Role of Tidal Asymmetry in Characterising the Tidal Energy Resource of Orkney Neill, S., Hashemi, M., Lewis, M. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal
Flow and Benthic Ecology 4D - FLOWBEC - An Overview Bell, P., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Radar Derived Current Vector Mapping at a Planned Commercial Tidal Stream Turbine Array in the Pentland Firth Bell, P., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal
Unstructured Grid Modelling of Offshore Wind Farm Impacts on Seasonally Stratified Shelf Seas Cazenave, P., Torres, R., Allen, J. June 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Quantifying Pursuit-Diving Seabirds' Associations with Fine-Scale Physical Features in Tidal Stream Environments Waggitt, J., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds, Seabirds
Using kernel density estimation to explore habitat use by seabirds at a marine renewable wave energy test facility Leesa, K., Guerin, A., Masden, E. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Birds, Seabirds
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Socio-economics, Fishing
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general
Marine Renewable Energy Seascape Borthwick, A. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change, Legal and Policy
Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity Moreno, R., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem
Ground-Level Climate at a Peatland Wind Farm in Scotland is Affected by Wind Turbine Operation Armstrong, A., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Socio-economics, Climate Change
Underwater Sound Levels at a Wave Energy Device Testing Facility in Falmouth Bay, UK Garrett, J., Witt, M., Johanning, L. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Noise
Expert Elicitation Methods in Quantifying the Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance from Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Donovan, C., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise
Incorporating Data Uncertainty when Estimating Potential Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Birds, Seabirds, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Fulfilling EU Laws to Ensure Marine Mammal Protection During Marine Renewable Construction Operations in Scotland Dolman, S., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Predictive Modelling to Identify Near-Shore, Fine-Scale Seabird Distributions during the Breeding Season Warwick-Evans, V., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Birds, Seabirds, Nearfield Habitat
Avoidance of Wind Farms by Harbour Seals is Limited to Pile Driving Activities Russell, D., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessing collision risk between underwater turbines and marine wildlife Scottish Natural Heritage May 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device
Soundscape and Noise Exposure Monitoring in a Marine Protected Area Using Shipping Data and Time-Lapse Footage Merchant, N., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Noise
Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on the Early Life Stages of Dicentrarchus labrax Debusschere, E., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Riding the Tide: Use of a Moving Tidal-Stream Habitat by Harbour Porpoises Benjamins, S., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Mammals
Seal Telemetry Inventory Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The British Ornithologists' Union Annual Spring Conference 2005 University of Leicester, 1-3 April 2005 Lanchbery, J., et al. March 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy general Birds
Hydropower and Environmental Regulation - A Scottish Perspective Copestake, P. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general Birds
Spatial Association as an Indicator of the Potential for Future Interactions Between Wind Energy Developments and Golden Eagles Aquila chrysaetos in Scotland Fielding, A., Whitfield, D., McLeod, D. August 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds, Raptors
Wind, Fire and Water: Renewable Energy and Birds. A report on the BOU's Annual Conference held at the University of Leicester, 1–3 April 2005 Greenwood, J. October 2005 Journal Article Birds
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialling Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development Sparling, C., et al. June 2016 Report Marine Energy general Marine Mammals
Re-powering Scotland: Wind Farms and the 'Energy or Environment?' Debate Warren, C., Birnie, R. August 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy general
Harbour Porpoise Distribution can Vary at Small Spatiotemporal Scales in Energetic Habitats Benjamins, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
PLAT-O at EMEC September 2019 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Brims Tidal Array Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Environmental Scoping Report: Brims Tidal Array OpenHydro, SSE Renewables August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal

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