United Kingdom



The United Kingdom (UK) is located in Northern Europe, covering 242,495 km2 (93,628 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 66.2 Million (2017).  The UK’s primary energy production is 1,245 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 32 MWh (UN data, 2017). Oil is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014).  102 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2015, the UK has 3,200 kW installed capacity of tidal energy (OES). The UK is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems, participating in Annex IV.

 

As of 2016, the UK has 15,700 MW total installed wind power capacity, including 5,100 MW offshore capacity (IEA Wind). The UK generated 38 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). The UK is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 736
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Quantifying Pursuit-Diving Seabirds' Associations with Fine-Scale Physical Features in Tidal Stream Environments Waggitt, J., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Seabirds
Pentland Firth MeyGen AR1500 and HS1500 Video Camera Data November 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth MeyGen AR1500 and HS1500 Strain Gauge Data November 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project - Phase I November 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Tidal Lagoon Environmental Interactions: Regulator Perspective, Solution Options and Industry Challenges Mackinnon, K., Smith, H., Moore, F. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project Phase 1 Project Environmental Monitoring Programme Rollings, E., Donovan, C., Eastham, C. October 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Numerical Simulations of the Effects of a Tidal Turbine Array on Near-Bed Velocity and Local Bed Shear Stress Gillibrand, P., Walters, R., McIlvenny, J. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Nearfield Habitat
Understanding the Risk of European Protected Species (Bats) at Onshore Wind Turbine Sites to Inform Risk Management Mathews, F., et al. October 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision Bats
Who cares? European attitudes towards marine and coastal environments Potts, T., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
ScotRenewables SR2000 at EMEC October 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Norfolk Vanguard Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Royal Haskoning October 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Pentland Firth MeyGen Harbour Seal Telemetry Data October 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Exposure of benthic invertebrates to sediment vibration: From laboratory experiments to outdoor simulated pile-driving Roberts, L., et al. October 2016 Conference Paper Noise Invertebrates
Decommissioning of the SeaGen Tidal Turbine in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland: Environmental Statement MarineSpace September 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Turbulent Wake of a Monopile Foundation Rogan, C., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow
Incorporating Data Uncertainty when Estimating Potential Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Birds, Seabirds, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Acoustic Imaging around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments of the FLOWBEC Platform Williamson, B., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Nearfield Habitat
Wind turbines cause chronic stress in badgers (Meles meles) in Great Britain Agnew, R., Smith, V., Fowkes, R. July 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Terrestrial Mammals
Predictable Hydrodynamic Conditions Explain Temporal Variations in the Density of Benthic Foraging Seabirds in a Tidal Stream Environment Waggitt, J., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Seabirds
The Impacts of Small and Medium Wind Turbines on Bats Moyle, A. July 2016 Thesis Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision, Habitat Change Bats
A review of crustacean sensitivity to high amplitude underwater noise: Data needs for effective risk assessment in relation to UK commercial species Edmonds, N., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Invertebrates
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialling Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development Sparling, C., et al. June 2016 Report Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Environmental Impact Assessment
Unstructured Grid Modelling of Offshore Wind Farm Impacts on Seasonally Stratified Shelf Seas Cazenave, P., Torres, R., Allen, J. June 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Nearfield Habitat
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Reconciling Biodiversity Conservation and Widespread Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies in the UK Gove, B., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Avoidance of Wind Farms by Harbour Seals is Limited to Pile Driving Activities Russell, D., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Riding the Tide: Use of a Moving Tidal-Stream Habitat by Harbour Porpoises Benjamins, S., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Mammals
Potential Environmental Impact of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Pentland Firth at Large Spatial Scales: Results of a Biogeochemical Model van der Molen, J., Ruardij, P., Greenwood, N. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Assessing collision risk between underwater turbines and marine wildlife Scottish Natural Heritage May 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision
Eco Wave Power wave energy power station Gibraltar May 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Wave
Ground-Level Climate at a Peatland Wind Farm in Scotland is Affected by Wind Turbine Operation Armstrong, A., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change
A World First: Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Review Waters, S., Aggidis, G. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal
A Theoretical Approach to Estimating Bird Risk of Collision with Wind Turbines Where Empirical Flight Activity Data Are Lacking Furness, R., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Collision Birds
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General)
What Drives Attitudes towards Marine Renewable Energy Development in Island Communities in the UK? de Groot, J., Bailey, I. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Contrasting effects of GPS device and harness attachment on adult survival of Lesser Black‐backed Gulls Larus fuscus and Great Skuas Stercorarius skua Thaxter, C., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Birds
Predictive Modelling to Identify Near-Shore, Fine-Scale Seabird Distributions during the Breeding Season Warwick-Evans, V., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Birds, Seabirds, Nearfield Habitat
Buried Alive: The Behavioural Response of the Mussels, Modiolus modiolus and Mytilus edulis to Sudden Burial by Sediment Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates
Seal Telemetry Inventory Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Brims Tidal Array Collision Risk Modelling - Atlantic Salmon Xodus Group March 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Fish
Marine Renewable Energy Seascape Borthwick, A. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Legal & Policy
Nova Innovation - Shetland Tiday Array (Bluemull Sound) March 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Assessing the Impact of Small-Scale Wind Energy Proposals on the Natural Heritage Scottish Natural Heritage March 2016 Report Wind Energy (General) Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Regulating wave and tidal energy: An industry perspective on the Scottish marine governance framework Wright, G. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
Sediment Burial Intolerance of Marine Macroinvertebrates Hendrick, V., Hutchison, Z., Last, K. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Invertebrates
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Triton Knoll Electrical System UK Planning Inspectorate February 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind
Underwater Noise Modelling for Environmental Impact Assessment Farcas, A., Thompson, P., Merchant, N. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Nova Bluemull Sound - Appropriate Assessment Marine Scotland January 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Seabirds, Marine Mammals
The Use of an Unsupervised Learning Approach for Characterizing Latent Behaviours in Accelerometer Data Chimienti, M., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals
Underwater Sound Levels at a Wave Energy Device Testing Facility in Falmouth Bay, UK Garrett, J., Witt, M., Johanning, L. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise
Soundscape and Noise Exposure Monitoring in a Marine Protected Area Using Shipping Data and Time-Lapse Footage Merchant, N., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Noise
Challenge of Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring in High-Energy Environments: UK Tidal Environments and Other Case Studies Booth, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Fulfilling EU Laws to Ensure Marine Mammal Protection During Marine Renewable Construction Operations in Scotland Dolman, S., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General) Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Using kernel density estimation to explore habitat use by seabirds at a marine renewable wave energy test facility Leesa, K., Guerin, A., Masden, E. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Seabirds
Expert Elicitation Methods in Quantifying the Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance from Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Donovan, C., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General) Noise
Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on the Early Life Stages of Dicentrarchus labrax Debusschere, E., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Fish
A Self-Contained Subsea Platform for Acoustic Monitoring of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites in Orkney, Scotland Williamson, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Noise mitigation during pile-driving efficiently reduces disturbance of marine mammals Nehls, G., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
An Italian Proposal on the Monitoring of Underwater Noise: Relationship Between the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and Marine Spatial Planning Directive (MSP) Maccarrone, V., et al. December 2015 Journal Article Noise Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Valuation of Ecological and Amenity Impacts of an Offshore Windfarm as a Factor in Marine Planning Börger, T., Hooper, T., Austen, M. December 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Ramsey Sound December 2015 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Three Dimensional Tracking of a Wide-Ranging Marine Predator: Flight Heights and Vulnerability to Offshore Wind Farms Cleasby, I., et al. December 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision Birds, Seabirds
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Hornsea Offshore Wind Farm (Zone 4) - Project Two The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales November 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Perceptions of fishers and developers on the co-location of offshore wind farms and decapod fisheries in the UK Hooper, T., Ashley, M., Austen, M. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Sensitivity of the Mussel Mytilus edulis to Substrate-Borne Vibration in Relation to Anthropogenically Generated Noise Roberts, L., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Invertebrates
Assessing the structure and temporal dynamics of seabird communities: the challenge of capturing marine ecosystem complexity Moreno, R., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes
Wales' Marine Evidence Report Welsh Government October 2015 Report Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Marine Mammals
An Interim Framework for Assessing the Population Consequences of Disturbance King, S., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
Benthic Monitoring and Sampling Design and Effort to Detect Spatial Changes: A Case Study using Data from Offshore Wind Farm Sites Franco, A., Quintino, V., Elliott, M. October 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform ADVOcean 5MHz Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Multi-beam and Echosounder Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Hydrodynamic Response to Large Scale Tidal Energy Extraction Brown, A., Neill, S. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Simulating Harbour Porpoise Habitat Use in a 3D Tidal Environment Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, T. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals
Sediment Transport in the Pentland Firth and Impacts of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction Fairley, I., Masters, I., Karunarathna, H. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow
Surveying Marine Mammals in Nearby Tidal Energy Development Sites: a Comparison Benjamins, S., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Physical Environment, Marine Mammals
An Integrated Solution to Real Time Marine Mammal Monitoring for Tidal Turbines Bromley, P., Boake, C., Broudic, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Marine Mammals
A Quantitative-Based Evaluation of the Environmental Impact and Sustainability of a Proposed Onshore Wind Farm in the United Kingdom Phillips, J. September 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind
Developing an Avian Collision Risk Model to Incorporate Variability and Uncertainty Masden, E. September 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, Habitat Change Birds
The Cumulative Impact of Tidal Stream Turbine Arrays on Sediment Transport in the Pentland Firth Fairley, I., Masters, I., Karunarathna, H. August 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Environmental Monitoring and Mitigation Plan: Shetland Tidal Array, Bluemull Sound McPherson, G. July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Guidance to Inform Marine Mammal Site Characterisation Requirements at Wave and Tidal Stream Energy Sites in Wales Sparling, C., et al. July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Marine Mammals
Temporal Variation in Environmental Conditions and the Structure of Fish Assemblages around an Offshore Oil Platform in the North Sea Fujii, T. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Fish
Review of Cetacean Monitoring Guidelines for Welsh Wave and Tidal Energy Developments Nuuttila, H. July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
ORJIP Ocean Energy: The Forward Look; an Ocean Energy Environmental Research Strategy for the UK ORJIP July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Collision, Noise, Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Modelling the Response of Sandbank Dynamics to Tidal Energy Extraction Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. June 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow
Sound Exposure in Harbour Seals During the Installation of an Offshore Wind Farm: Predictions of Auditory Damage Hastie, G., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Seabird-Wind Farm Interactions During the Breeding Season Vary Within and Between Years: A Case Study of Lesser Black-Backed Gull Larus fuscus in the UK Thaxter, C., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds
LCRI 2015 Overview of LCRI Research 2008 to 2015 Jones, P., et al. June 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Particles as Porpoise - Applying CFD Results to Environmental Interactions Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals
Barriers and Benefits: Implications of Artificial Night-Lighting for the Distribution of Common Bats in Britain and Ireland Mathews, F., et al. May 2015 Journal Article Lighting Bats
Spatial Framework Assessment and Assessment Criteria for On-Shore Wind Energy Development in West Lothian West Lothian Council April 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind
Tidal Resource Extraction in the Pentland Firth, UK: Potential Impacts on Flow Regime and Sediment Transport in the Inner Sound of Stroma Martin-Short, R., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Ocean Zoning for Conservation, Fisheries and Marine Renewable Energy: Assessing Trade-Offs and Co-Location Opportunities Yates, K., Schoeman, D., Klein, C. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Integrating Passive Acoustic and Visual Data to Model Spatial Patterns of Occurrence in Coastal Dolphins Thompson, P., Brookes, K., Cordes, L. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Planning for Wales - Strategic Scoping Exercise Welsh Government March 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project Phase 1 Electromagnetic Fields Best Practice Report Rollings, E. March 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal EMF
Wildlife Impacts of and Public Attitudes Towards Small Wind Turbines Tatchley, C. March 2015 Thesis Wind Energy (General) Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions

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