United Kingdom



The United Kingdom (UK) is located in Northern Europe, covering 242,495 km2 (93,628 mile2) of land surface and having a population of 66.2 Million (2017).  The UK’s primary energy production is 1,245 terawatt-hours (TWh), and energy supply per capita is 32 MWh (UN data, 2017). Oil is both the largest source of primary energy production and the largest source of primary energy consumption (The Shift Project, 2014).  102 species are listed as threatened (UN data, 2017).

 

As of 2015, the UK has 3,200 kW installed capacity of tidal energy (OES). The UK is currently a member of Ocean Energy Systems, participating in Annex IV.

 

As of 2016, the UK has 15,700 MW total installed wind power capacity, including 5,100 MW offshore capacity (IEA Wind). The UK generated 38 TWh of electricity from wind in 2016 (IEA Wind). The UK is currently a member of IEA Wind, participating in WREN.

Total Results: 736
Title Authorsort descending Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Multi-beam and Echosounder Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform ADVOcean 5MHz Data October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision
Pentland Firth MeyGen AR1500 and HS1500 Video Camera Data November 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth MeyGen AR1500 and HS1500 Strain Gauge Data November 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project Phase 1 Project Environmental Monitoring Programme Rollings, E., Donovan, C., Eastham, C. October 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Navitus Bay Wind Park Technical Appendix 2.1 - EMF Calculations Report Dorey, P. April 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF
Navitus Bay Wind Park Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Navitus Bay Development April 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Swansea Tidal Lagoon Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Strangford Lough Marine Current Turbine: Environmental Statement Davison, A., Mallows, T. June 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Decommissioning of the SeaGen Tidal Turbine in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland: Environmental Statement MarineSpace September 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Cumulative Impact Assessment of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in the Irish Sea Haverson, D., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Lessons Learnt from MeyGen Phase 1a: Design Phase MeyGen May 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Modelling the Effects of Marine Energy Extraction on Non-Cohesive Sediment Transport and Morphological Change in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Fairley, I., Karunarathna, H., Chatzirodou, A. January 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Minesto Holyhead Deep - Non-grid connected DG500 June 2018 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Environmental Impact Assessment
Differences in bat activity in relation to bat detector height: implications for bat surveys at proposed windfarm sites Collins, J., Jones, G. December 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats
Bat Surveys – Good Practice Guidelines (2nd edition): Surveying for Onshore Wind Turbines Hundt, L., et al. January 2012 Report Wind Energy (General) Bats
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Wind turbines and bat mortality: Doppler shift profiles and ultrasonic bat-like pulse reflection from moving turbine blades Long, C., Flint, J., Lepper, P. October 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Bats
Evaluating artificial reef performance: approaches to pre- and post-deployment research Wilding, T., Sayer, M. February 2002 Journal Article Nearfield Habitat
The benthic impacts of the Loch Linnhe Artificial Reef Wilding, T. January 2006 Journal Article Nearfield Habitat
Landscape-Scale Effects of Single- and Multiple Small Wind Turbines on Bat Activity Minderman, J., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats
Bats and onshore wind turbines Natural England February 2009 Report Wind Energy (General) Bats
Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Adaptive Environmental Management Plan November 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Recreation & Tourism
Good or Bad Vibrations? Impacts of Anthropogenic Vibration on the Marine Epibenthos Roberts, L., Elliott, M. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Invertebrates
Sensitivity of the Mussel Mytilus edulis to Substrate-Borne Vibration in Relation to Anthropogenically Generated Noise Roberts, L., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Invertebrates
Out in the Wash: Spatial Ecology of a Temperate Marine Shallow Rocky-Reef Species Derived using Acoustic Telemetry Stocks, J., Gray, C., Taylor, M. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Fish
Biodiversity Characterisation and Hydrodynamic Consequences of Marine Fouling Communities on Marine Renewable Energy Infrastructure in the Orkney Islands Archipelago, Scotland, UK Want, A., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Habitat Change Invertebrates
Voith HyTide at EMEC September 2013 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Video Monitoring Data of Wildlife Interactions May 2014 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Video Monitoring Data of Biofouling May 2014 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Invertebrates
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Observational Data Informing Video Analysis June 2014 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Observational Data of Seal Haul-Outs During the Breeding Season June 2010 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessing the Impact of Small-Scale Wind Energy Proposals on the Natural Heritage Scottish Natural Heritage March 2016 Report Wind Energy (General) Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Wildlife Impacts of and Public Attitudes Towards Small Wind Turbines Tatchley, C. March 2015 Thesis Wind Energy (General) Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions
Observations and Tracking of Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) with Shore-Based X-Band Marine Radar at a Marine Energy Test Site McCann, D., Bell, P. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Seabird Ecology in High-Energy Environments: Approaches to Assessing Impacts of Marine Renewables Robbins, A. July 2017 Thesis Marine Energy (General) Collision Birds, Seabirds
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Multi-Beam Sonar and Echosounder Data June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
EMEC Fall of Warness High-Intensity Wildlife Observation Data June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Monitoring Data June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data June 2013 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision
EMEC Fall of Warness Wildlife Observation Data July 2005 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Fall of Warness Boat-Based Wildlife Surveys (RESPONSE Project) May 2012 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds
Current and Wave Effects around Windfarm Monopile Foundations Miles, J., Martin, T, Goddard, L March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Platform Multi-Beam Sonar and Echosounder Data July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Wave Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
EMEC Billia Croo High-Intensity Wildlife Observation Data July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Wave Collision Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Fluorometer Monitoring Data July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Wave Ecosystem Processes
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Platform Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Wave Collision
EMEC Billia Croo Wildlife Observation Data June 2009 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Hydrodynamic Impacts of a Marine Renewable Energy Installation on the Benthic Boundary Layer in a Tidal Channel Fraser, S., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow
Environmental impact assessment: guide to procedures UK Communities and Local Government January 2000 Report Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise
Modelling the Sensitivity of Suspended Sediment Profiles to Tidal Current and Wave Conditions Heath, M., et al. October 2017 Journal Article Changes in Flow
Measuring Underwater Background Noise in High Tidal Flow Environments Willis, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Tidal Noise
Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores Want, A., et al. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Climate Change
Rethinking Underwater Sound-Recording Methods to Work at Tidal-Stream and Wave-Energy Sites Wilson, B., et al. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Noise
Strategic Sectoral Planning for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scotland Davies, I., Pratt, D. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Nova Bluemull Sound - Appropriate Assessment Marine Scotland January 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Seabirds, Marine Mammals
Nova Innovation - Shetland Tiday Array (Bluemull Sound) March 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Perpetuus Tidal Energy Centre (PTEC) Planned Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Broad-Scale Acoustic Monitoring for Cetaceans and Underwater Noise in Relation to Offshore Wind Farm Construction in Scotland Brookes, K., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Seasonal and Diel Patterns in Cetacean Use and Foraging at a Potential Marine Renewable Energy Site Nuuttila, H., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Characterisation of Tidal Flows at the European Marine Energy Centre in the Absence of Ocean Waves Sellar, B., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal
Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine in Strangford Narrows: No barrier effect but small changes in transit behaviour Sparling, C., Lonergan, M., McConnell, B. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessing Northern Gannet Avoidance of Offshore Windfarms Rehfisch, M., et al. June 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds
The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach Roach, M., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Fish, Human Dimensions
Fish Distributions in a Tidal Channel Indicate the Behavioural Impact of a Marine Renewable Energy Installation Fraser, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Fish
Black Guillemot Ecology in Relation to Tidal Stream Energy Generation: An Evaluation of Current Knowledge and Information Gaps Johnston, D., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Seabirds
First in situ Passive Acoustic Monitoring for Marine Mammals during Operation of a Tidal Turbine in Ramsey Sound, Wales Malinka, C., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals
Modelling the Hydrodynamic and Morphological Impacts of a Tidal Stream Development in Ramsey Sound Haverson, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
North Lowther Energy Initiative Bat Survey Report Cooke, L. May 2017 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats
Responses of Two Marine Top Predators to an Offshore Wind Farm Mclean, N., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals
A Study of the Risk of Collision with Power Lines by Waterbirds in Winter at Shotton Steel Works, North Wales Balmer, D., Henderson, I., Clark, N. April 1995 Report Wind Energy (General) Collision Birds, Waterfowl
Burbo Bank Extension Offshore Wind Farm: Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Sørensen, T., et al. July 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Burbo Bank Extension Offshore Wind Farm: Red-throated Diver Displacement Ellis, I., Ward, R. September 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Waterfowl
East Anglia TWO Offshore Windfarm Scoping Report ScottishPower Renewables November 2017 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Dodging the blades: new insights into three-dimensional space use of offshore wind farms by lesser black-backed gulls Larus fuscus Thaxter, C., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision Birds, Seabirds
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Walney Extension Offshore Wind Farm The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales April 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Burbo Bank Extension Offshore Wind Farm The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales February 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Offshore Wind Farm UK Planning Inspectorate July 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Dogger Bank Teesside A & B Offshore Wind Farm The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales December 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implication for European Sites Proposed East Anglia ONE Offshore Windfarm The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales November 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Hornsea Offshore Wind Farm (Zone 4) - Project One UK Planning Inspectorate March 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Hornsea Offshore Wind Farm (Zone 4) - Project Two The Planning Inspectorate for England and Wales November 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Fine-Scale Hydrodynamic Metrics Underlying Predator Occupancy Patterns in Tidal Stream Environments Lieber, L., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Navitus Bay Wind Park UK Planning Inspectorate February 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Norfolk Boreas Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Royal Haskoning March 2017 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Norfolk Vanguard Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Royal Haskoning October 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Thanet Extension Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment Report to Inform Scoping Royal Haskoning December 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Report on the Implications for European Sites Proposed Triton Knoll Electrical System UK Planning Inspectorate February 2016 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind
Triton Knoll Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Wilson, M., Ireland, P. July 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Rampion Offshore Wind Farm - Scoping Report RSK Environment September 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm Extension Environmental Scoping Study Royal Haskoning October 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Hornsea Project Three Offshore Wind Farm RPS Group March 2018 Website Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Impact of different tidal renewable energy projects on the hydrodynamic processes in the Severn Estuary, UK Xia, J., Falconer, R., Lin, B. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat
Predicting the impacts of wind farms on seabirds: An individual-based model Warwick-Evans, V., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds
Responses of bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises to impact and vibration piling noise during harbor construction Graham, I., et al. May 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Protected Areas and Offshore Wind Farms Sanders, N., Haynes, T., Goriup, P. March 2017 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
'You don't do a chemistry experiment in your best china': Symbolic interpretations of place and technology in a wave energy case McLachlan, C. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions

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