Short Science Summary: Entanglement with Marine Renewable Energy Mooring Lines

Summary

Title: Short Science Summary: Entanglement with Marine Renewable Energy Mooring Lines
Authors:
Annex IV
Publication Date:
September 30, 2017
Technology Type:

Large marine animals, especially great whales such as grays or humpbacks, may potentially become entangled in mooring lines and power cables, resulting in drowning, or the lines may abrade the whale’s skin, allowing debilitating infections to result in injury or death. Many wave devices and floating tidal turbines are attached to the seabed with mooring lines. In addition, marine renewable energy (MRE) devices must send energy to shore through large export cables, usually placed on the seabed; cables that collect power from individual devices may be strung in the water column before joining a single cable heading to the sea floor. This summary represents a general overview of the research, produced by Annex IV under Ocean Energy Systems. The table below contains the literature relevant to entanglement and the marine renewable energy industry and will continue to be updated as new literature is added to Tethys.

 

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Sources of Information on Entanglement:

Title Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Predicting lethal entanglements as a consequence of drag from fishing gear van der Hoop, J., et al. February 2017 Journal Article     Marine Mammals, Fishing
Entanglement is a costly life-history stage in large whales van der Hoop, J., Corkerton, P., Moore, M. January 2017 Journal Article     Marine Mammals, Fishing
Swimming kinematics and efficiency of entangled North Atlantic right whales van der Hoop, J., et al. January 2017 Journal Article     Marine Mammals, Fishing
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Drivers and Annual Estimates of Marine Wildlife Entanglement Rates: A Long-Term Case Study with Australian Fur Seals McIntosh, R., et al. December 2015 Journal Article     Marine Mammals
Assessment of Entanglement Risk to Marine Megafauna due to Offshore Renewable Energy Mooring Systems Harnois, V., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments [Presentation] Benjamins, S., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general   Marine Mammals
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments Benjamins, S., et al. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Biological and Existing Data Analysis to Inform Risk of Collision and Entanglement Hypotheses Kropp, R. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Marine Mammals
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Environmental Impacts NOAA Office of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management January 2010 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, EMF Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
Experimental Modeling of Large Whale Entanglement Injuries N/A April 2006 Journal Article   Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Mortality and Serious Injury of Northern Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in the Western North Atlantic Ocean Knowlton, A., Kraus, S. January 2001 Journal Article   Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
A Comparative Review of Entrainment Survival Studies at Power Plants in Estuarine Environments Mayhew, D., et al. September 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy general    
Diving behaviour of harbour porpoises, Phocoena phocoena Westgate, A., et al. May 1995 Journal Article     Marine Mammals
Title Author Research Start Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Predictable changes in fish school characteristics due to a tidal turbine support structure Williamson, B., et al. October 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish
PLAT-O at EMEC Sustainable Marine Energy (SME) September 2019 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal
Interaction between hydrokinetic turbine wakes and sediment dynamics: array performance and geomorphic effects under different siting strategies and sediment transport conditions Musa, M., Hill, C., Guala, M. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Decision framework for ocean thermal energy plant site selection from a sustainability perspective: The case of China Zhang, J., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Fish, finances, and feasibility: Concerns about tidal energy development in the United States Dreyer, S., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Over or under? Autonomous sensor fish reveals why overshot weirs may be safer than undershot weirs for fish passage Pflugrath, B., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Static Device Fish
Sustainably reconciling offshore renewable energy with Natura 2000 sites: An interim adaptive management framework Le Lièvre, C. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The trade-off between tidal-turbine array yield and environmental impact: A habitat suitability modelling approach du Feu, R., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates
The influence of maritime spatial planning on the development of marine renewable energies in Portugal and Spain: Legal challenges and opportunities Salvador, S., Gimeno, L., Larruga, F. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Impact of pile-driving on Hector's dolphin in Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand Leunissen, E., Rayment, W., Dawson, S. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessing the impact of introduced infrastructure at sea with cameras: A case study for spatial scale, time and statistical power Bicknell, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Biases in the Literature on Direct Wildlife Mortality from Energy Development Loss, S., Dorning, M., Diffendorfer, J. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Localised anthropogenic wake generates a predictable foraging hotspot for top predators Lieber, L., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Birds, Seabirds
Assessing the cumulative exposure of wildlife to offshore wind energy development Wing Goodale, M., Milman, A. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
A high-resolution hindcast of sea level and 3D currents for marine renewable energy applications: A case study in the Bay of Biscay Chiri, H., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current N/A N/A
Providing ecological context to anthropogenic subsea noise: Assessing listening space reductions of marine mammals from tidal energy devices Pine, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Lifecycle Environmental Impact Assessment of an Overtopping Wave Energy Converter Embedded in Breakwater Systems Patrizi, N., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Potential local environmental impacts of salinity gradient energy: A review Seyfried, C., Palko, H.., Dubbs, L. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Salinity Gradient N/A N/A
Energy and socio-economic benefits from the development of wave energy in Greece Lavidas, G. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Benthic effects of offshore renewables: identification of knowledge gaps and urgently needed research Dannheim, J., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Hydrokinetics Regulatory Processes Literature Review O'Neil, R., Stains, G., Freeman, M. March 2019 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
An agent-based model to predict fish collisions with tidal stream turbines Rossington, K., Benson, T. February 2019 Journal Article Tidal, Wave N/A Fish, Marine Mammals
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Feeding home ranges of pacific coast feeding group gray whales Lagerquist, B., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Wave energy to power a desalination plant in the north of Gran Canaria Island: Wave resource, socioeconomic and environmental assessment Prieto, L., Rodríguez, G., Rodriguez, J. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Numerical modelling of the effect of the hydro-kinetic turbines on the transport of sediments - Application to the Rhone site. Khaled, F., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Detection of Visual Signatures of Marine Mammals and Fish within Marine Renewable Energy Farms using Multibeam Imaging Sonar Francisco, F., Sundberg, J. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Eco Wave Power Manzanillo I Project Eco Wave Power January 2019 Project Site Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave
Renewable energy selection for net-zero energy communities: Life cycle based decision making under uncertainty Karunathilake, H., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
A systematic review of transferable solution options for the environmental impacts of tidal lagoons Elliott, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Wake effect assessment of a flap type wave energy converter farm under realistic environmental conditions by using a numerical coupling methodology Tomey-Bozo, N., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves Li, X., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union García, P., Sanabria, J., Ruiz, J. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Coastal Environments — Challenges for Integrated Management in Multi-use Settings O’Mahony, C., et al. December 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Estimating the optimum size of a tidal array at a multi-inlet system considering environmental and performance constraints González-Gorbeña, E., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
BioFREE: An International Study of Biofouling Impacts on the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Want, A., Porter, J. December 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Human dimensions of tidal energy: A review of theories and frameworks Jenkins, L., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Noise characterization of a subsea tidal kite Schmitt, P., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Fine-Scale Hydrodynamic Metrics Underlying Predator Occupancy Patterns in Tidal Stream Environments Lieber, L., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Fish Distributions in a Tidal Channel Indicate the Behavioural Impact of a Marine Renewable Energy Installation Fraser, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Fish
Perspectives on a way forward for ocean renewable energy in Australia Hemer, M., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Tidal range energy resource and optimization - Past perspectives and future challenges Neill, S., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Wave farm effects on the coast: The alongshore position Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Empirical measures of harbor seal behavior and avoidance of an operational tidal turbine Joy, R., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Energy Exploitation in the Mediterranean Region: Steps Forward and Challenges Pisacane, G., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Ocean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems Gattuso, J., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Modelling the Hydrodynamic and Morphological Impacts of a Tidal Stream Development in Ramsey Sound Haverson, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Oil and gas infrastructure decommissioning in marine protected areas: System complexity, analysis and challenges Burdon, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Effects of Wave Energy Generators on Nephrops norvegicus Bender, A., Sunberg, J. September 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Benthic Invertebrates
Protection of gravel-dominated coasts through wave farms: Layout and shoreline evolution Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Deployment characterization of a floatable tidal energy converter on a tidal channel, Ria Formosa, Portugal Pacheco, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Evaluating habitat, prey, and mesopredator associations in a community of marine birds Goyert, H., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Spatial targeting, synergies and scale: Exploring the criteria of smart practices for siting renewable energy projects Frantal, B., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Creation of microhabitats (tidepools) in ripraps with climax communities as a way to mitigate negative effects of artificial substrate on marine biodiversity Ostale-Valriberas, E., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Energy droughts from variable renewable energy sources in European climates Raynaud, D., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Applying a simple model for estimating the likelihood of collision of marine mammals with tidal turbines Copping, A., Grear, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Evaluation of the shoreline effect of the marine energy farms in different coastal environments Rusu, E., Onea, F. August 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Site Selection of Hybrid Offshore Wind and Wave Energy Systems in Greece Incorporating Environmental Impact Assessment Loukogeorgaki, E., Vagiona, D., Vasileiou, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Spatial Environmental Assessment Tool (SEAT): A Modeling Tool to Evaluate Potential Environmental Risks Associated with Wave Energy Converter Deployments Jones, C., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Long‐term effect of a tidal, hydroelectric propeller turbine on the populations of three anadromous fish species Dadswell, M., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
The impact of wave energy converter arrays on wave-induced forcing in the surf zone O'Dea, A., Haller, M., Ozkan-Haller, H. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Performance and resilience of hydrokinetic turbine arrays under large migrating fluvial bedforms Musa, M., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
An LCA of the Pelamis wave energy converter Thomson, R., Chick, J., Harrison, G. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Life Cycle Assessment
"Small is Beautiful" - But will Small WECs Ever Become Commercial? Friis-Madsen, E., Soerensen, H., Russell, I. July 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Anthropogenic disturbance facilitates a non-native species on offshore oil platforms Viola, S., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Cape Sharp Tidal Environmental Effects Monitoring Program 2018 Cape Sharp Tidal July 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Comparative Effects of Climate Change and Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in a Shelf Sea De Demonicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
Investigation of Monitoring Fish Using Underwater Fish-Eye Camera at the Test Site of Marine Renewable Energy Yoshida, T., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Marine Mammal Behavioral Response to Tidal Turbine Sound Polagye, B., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
A Best Practice Framework to Reconcile Full-scale Marine Renewable Energy Deployments with Marine Natura 2000 Sites Le Lièvre, C. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.) Scott, K., Harsanyi, P., Lyndon, A. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Modeling underwater noise propagation from marine hydrokinetic power devices through a time-domain, velocity-pressure solution Halfa, E., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
2018 State of the Sector Report: Marine Renewable Energy in Canada Marine Renewables Canada June 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Modeling At-Sea Density of Marine Birds to Support Atlantic Marine Renewable Energy Planning Winship, A., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds
The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection: a case study with birds diving in tidal waters Cole, E., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics Ramírez-Mendoza, R., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
OERA Webinar Series: Finite Element Analysis to Assess Fish Mortality from Interactions with Tidal Turbine Blades Fyffe, N. May 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics Schuchert, P., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Ecosystem
Collaboration and Innovation Challenges faced by the Ocean Energy Sector and Possible Solutions Marine Renewables Industry Association (MRIA) May 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Local scour around a model hydrokinetic turbine in an erodible channel Hill, C., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Multiple maritime uses in European seas: Findings from the MUSES project Kafas, A., Davies, I., Roberts, T. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Monitoring the environmental interactions of tidal devices - how do we achieve what is required in a practical and cost effective manner whilst retaining focus on the key issues to assist the consenting of future projects? Foubister, L. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Offshore Energy Planning Provisions and transnational Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Sea Region: Findings from the NorthSEE project Wright, K., Kafas, A., Davies, I. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Comparative effects of climate change and tidal stream energy extraction in the NW European continental shelf De Dominicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Risk of whale encounters with offshore renewable energy mooring lines and electrical cables Copping, A., Grear, M., Sanders, G. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessing the Impact of Rows of Tidal-Stream Turbines on the Overtides of the M2 Potter, D, Folkard, A., Ilić, S. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Farfield Environment
Overcoming Barriers to Marine Renewables Energy Development Freeman, M., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Can tidal stream turbines change the tides in the Pentland Firth, and is there an acceptable limit? Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Farfield Environment
Towards improving biofouling information within MRE environments Quillienn, N., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Optimisation of an underwater imagery analysis method to characterise the reef effect caused by submarine power cables on epibenthic communities Taormina, B., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
BioFREE: an international collaboration to assess the impacts of biofouling on the marine renewable energy industry Want, A., Porter, J. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Spotlight on Ocean Energy: 20 Projects + 5 Policy Initiatives Ocean Energy Systems (OES) April 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Environmental Interactions of Tidal Lagoons: A Comparison of Industry Perspectives Mackinnon, K., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Seasonal and Diel Patterns in Cetacean Use and Foraging at a Potential Marine Renewable Energy Site Nuuttila, H., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Wave and Tidal Energy: Environmental Effects Iglesias, G., et al. March 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Black Guillemot Ecology in Relation to Tidal Stream Energy Generation: An Evaluation of Current Knowledge and Information Gaps Johnston, D., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds
2017 Marine Hydrokinetic Instrumentation Workshop Report Driscoll, F., Mauer, E., Rieks, J. March 2018 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish

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