Annex IV was established by the International Energy Agency Ocean Energy Systems in 2010 to examine environmental effects of marine renewable energy (MRE) development around the world. Annex IV is mobilizing information and the international MRE community to coordinate research that can progress the industry in an environmentally sustainable manner. More information about Annex IV is available here.
Sources of Information on Annex IV:
|Title||Author||Date||Type of Content||Technology Type||Stressor||Receptor|
|The State of Knowledge for Environmental Effects: Driving Consenting/Permitting for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry||Copping, A.||January 2018||Report||Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave||N/A||Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics|
|Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World||Copping, A., et al.||April 2016||Report||Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave||Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device||Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics|
|Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development around the World: Annex IV Final Report||Copping, A., et al.||January 2013||Report||Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave||Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise||Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals|