Wave

Capturing energy from waves with a point absorber buoy, surface attenuator, oscillating water column, or overtopping device.

Solar energy from the sun creates temperature differentials that result in wind. The interaction between wind and the surface of water creates waves, which are larger when there is a greater distance for them to build up. Wave energy potential is greatest between 30° and 60° latitude in both hemispheres on the west coast because of the global direction of wind. When evaluating wave energy as a technology type, it is important to distinguish between the four most common approaches: point absorber buoys, surface attenuators, oscillating water columns, overtopping devices, and oscillating wave surge converters.

Point Absorber Buoy

This device floats on the surface of the water, held in place by cables connected to the seabed. Buoys use the rise and fall of swells to drive hydraulic pumps and generate electricity. EMF generated by electrical transmission cables and acoustic of these devices may be a concern for marine organisms. The presence of the buoys may affect fish, marine mammals, and birds as potential minor collision risk and roosting sites. Potential also exists for entanglement in mooring lines. Energy removed from the waves may also affect the shoreline, resulting in a recommendation that sites remain a considerable distance from the shore.

Surface Attenuator

These devices act similarly to point absorber buoys, with multiple floating segments connected to one another and are oriented perpendicular to incoming waves. A flexing motion is created by swells that drive hydraulic pumps to generate electricity. Environmental effects are similar to those of point absorber buoys, with an additional concern that organisms could be pinched in the joints.

Oscillating Water Column

Oscillating water column devices can be located on shore or in deeper waters offshore. With an air chamber integrated into the device, swells compress air in the chambers forcing air through an air turbine to create electricity. Significant noise is produced as air is pushed through the turbines, potentially affecting birds and other marine organisms within the vicinity of the device. There is also concern about marine organisms getting trapped or entangled within the air chambers.

Overtopping Device

Overtopping devices are long structures that use wave velocity to fill a reservoir to a greater water level than the surrounding ocean. The potential energy in the reservoir height is then captured with low-head turbines. Devices can be either on shore or floating offshore. Floating devices will have environmental concerns about the mooring system affecting benthic organisms, organisms becoming entangled, or EMF effects produced from subsea cables. There is also some concern regarding low levels of turbine noise and wave energy removal affecting the nearfield habitat.

Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

These devices typically have one end fixed to a structure or the seabed while the other end is free to move. Energy is collected from the relative motion of the body compared to the fixed point. Oscillating wave surge converters often come in the form of floats, flaps, or membranes. Environmental concerns include minor risk of collision, artificial reefing near the fixed point, EMF effects from subsea cables, and energy removal effecting sediment transport.

Total Results: 40
Title Author Petition Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type
Sotenäs Project Seabased AB January 2014 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Oyster 800 Aquamarine Power June 2012 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Rider Wave Energy Pilot Plant Wave Rider Energy November 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
EMEC Scapa Flow Non Grid-Connected Wave Test Site European Marine Energy Centre September 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Mutriku Wave Power Plant Ente Vasco de la Energia July 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Ocean Energy Buoy Ocean Energy Ltd May 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Ocean Power Technologies Moray Firth Ocean Power Technologies April 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Perth Wave Energy Project Carnegie Wave Energy Limited April 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Falmouth Bay Test Site (FaBTest) Falmouth Harbour Commissioners January 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wello Penguin at EMEC Wello Oy January 2011 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Hub Wave Hub Ltd November 2010 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Pelamis Wave Power P2 Demonstration at EMEC Pelamis Wave Power October 2010 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Energy Technology Oregon WET-NZ September 2010 Project Site Annex IV Wave
SDE Jaffa Plant S.D.E. Energy Ltd July 2010 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Oceanlinx MK3 Oceanlinx February 2010 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Oyster 1 Aquamarine Power November 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Energy Technology NZ WET-NZ November 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
SURGE Waveroller AW Energy October 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Star Hanstholm Wave Star AS September 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Seabased at the Maren Test Site Vattenfall AB; Runde Environmental Centre; Tussa Kraft AS September 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Site d Expérimentation en Mer Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN) January 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave, Offshore Wind
Kaneohe Bay OPT Wave Project Ocean Power Technologies January 2009 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Poseidon Floating Power Floating Power Plant A/S (FPP) September 2008 Project Site Annex IV Wave, Offshore Wind
Companhia da Energia Oceanica SA Pelamis Wave Power July 2008 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Marine Test Site for Ocean Energy Converters Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands (PLOCAN) April 2008 Project Site Annex IV Wave, Offshore Wind
OCEANTEC Wave Energy Converter Oceantec Energías Marinas SL January 2008 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Biscay Marine Energy Platform Ente Vasco de la Energia January 2008 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Oceanlinx MK2 Oceanlinx October 2007 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Lysekil Wave Energy Test Site Uppsala University March 2006 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Oceanlinx MK1 Oceanlinx January 2005 Project Site Annex IV Wave
EMEC Billia Croo Grid-Connected Wave Test Site European Marine Energy Centre October 2003 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Wave Dragon Pre-commercial Demonstration Project Wave Dragon ApS March 2003 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Folkecenter Wave Test Station Nordic Folkecenter for Renewable Energy November 2000 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Pico Oscillating Water Column Instituto Superior Tecnico January 1999 Project Site Annex IV Wave
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site (AMETS) Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave
Ocean Plug Redes Energéticas Nacionais (REN) Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave, Offshore Wind
North West Lewis Wave Array Aquamarine Power Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave
Costa Head Wave Farm Archimedes Wave Swing Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave
Farr Point Wave Array – Phase 1 Pelamis Wave Power Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave
Port Macdonnell Wave Energy Converter Oceanlinx Planned Project Site Annex IV Wave
Total Results: 29
Title Author Petition Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Environmental Monitoring at the Sotenäs Wave Energy Park Sundberg J. January 2014 Research Study Annex IV Wave Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Will Ocean Energy Harm Marine Ecosystems? Hammar L. January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Ocean Current, Tidal Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Large Scale Interactive Coupled 3D Modelling Heath M., et. al. June 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Invertebrates
Pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Turnbull S. April 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Quantifying Benefits and Impacts of Fishing Exclusion Zones on Bio-resources Sims D., et. al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV MHK Fish, Invertebrates
Understanding How Marine Renewable Device Operations Influence Fine Scale Habitat Use & Behaviour of Marine Vertebrates (RESPONSE) Thompson D., et. al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Marine Mammals
Environmental Impact Assessment of the Danish Wave Energy Center Margheritini L., Azzellino A. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Impacts of Large Scale Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Regional Wave Climate Greenwood C., et. al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Understanding Benthic Productivity on Artificial Structures Rouse S., Wilding T., Porter J. May 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Invertebrates
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site Environmental Impact Statement Kavanagh P. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV MHK, Wave Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Appropriate Assessment Screening for AMETS, Co. Mayo Scally L. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV MHK, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Environmental Scoping Report Achill Co. Mayo Kavanagh P. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Environmental Scoping Report Killard, Co. Clare, Ireland Kavanagh P. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit Bryden I., et. al. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Flow, Water Column and Benthic Ecology 4D FLOWBEC Bell P., et. al. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Invertebrates
Wave Energy Converters for use in Coastal Protection Nørgaard J., Andersen T. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Wave Farfield Environment
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment Jackson A., et. al. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
The Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment de Liedekerke V. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Wave Birds, Marine Mammals
Power from the Brave New Ocean - Marine Renewable Energy and Ecological Risks Hammar L. February 2009 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Ocean Current, Tidal Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders Alexander K. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Fish, Invertebrates
Aquatic Renewable Energy Technologies 2 Daly O. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Impacts of TEC and WEC Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics Reche P., et. al. August 2008 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Independent Research to Underpin the Creation of a Sustainable Marine Energy Sector in Wales Reeve D., Masters I., Willis M. April 2008 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Wave Energy Acoustic Monitoring (WEAM) Sarmento A. November 2007 Research Study Annex IV Wave Noise Marine Mammals
Wave Energy Planning and Marketing Lopez J. October 2007 Research Study Annex IV Wave
Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland Side J., et. al. May 2007 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Aqua Renewable Energy Technologies Murphy D. October 2006 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Environmental Monitoring at the Lysekil Test Site Sundberg J. January 2004 Research Study Annex IV Wave Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
SuperGen Marine Energy Research SuperGen October 2003 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Total Results: 186
Title Author Petition Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Integrating Ocean Wave Energy at Large-Scales: A Study of the US Pacific Northwest Parkinson, S., et. al. April 2015 Journal Article Wave Farfield Environment
The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of Wave Energy Using GIS Based Analysis: The Case Study of Portugal Castro-Santos, L., et. al. February 2015 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Great Skua (Stercorarius skua) Movements at Sea in Relation to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et. al. October 2014 Journal Article Wave, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter Bull, D., et. al. September 2014 Report Wave
Investigation of Spatial Variation of Sea States Offshore of Humboldt Bay, CA Using a Hindcast Model Dallman, A., Neary, V., Stephenson, M. September 2014 Report Wave
Wave Farm Impact The Role of Farm to Coast Distance Iglesias, G., Carballo, R. September 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Wave Power Extraction from a Bottom-Mounted Oscillating Water Column Converter with a V-Shaped Channel Deng, Z., Huang, Z., Law, A. July 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal
Wave Farm Modelling of Oscillating Wave Surge Converters Sarkar, D., Renzi, E., Dias, F. July 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal
Physical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters Sheng, W., Alcorn, R., Lewis, T. July 2014 Journal Article Wave
Environmental Impact Assessments for Wave Energy Developments - Learning from Existing Activities and Informing Future Research Priorities Leeney, R., et. al. June 2014 Journal Article Wave
EMEC Billia Croo Wave Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Wave Birds, Marine Mammals
Environmental Risk Evaluation System An Approach to Ranking Risk of Ocean Energy Development on Coastal and Estuarine Environments Copping, A., et. al. April 2014 Journal Article Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
An International Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Copping, A., et. al. April 2014 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
A Wave Farm for an Island Detailed Effects on the Nearshore Wave Climate Veigas, M., Ramos, V., Iglesias, G. April 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
First Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Renewable Energy (WGMRE) ICES April 2014 Report Wave, Tidal Ecosystem
Wave Farm Impact on the Beach Profile Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. April 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Assessment of the Changes Induced by a Wave Energy Farm in the Nearshore Wave Conditions Bento, A., et. al. March 2014 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
A Remotely Operated Autonomous Wave Energy Converter System Lewis, T. March 2014 Thesis Wave
Marine Energy White Paper - AWATEA AWATEA February 2014 Report Wave, Tidal
Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions Shields, M., Payne, A. January 2014 Book Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Offshore Energy Structures Karimirad, M. January 2014 Book Wave, Offshore Wind
Wave and Tidal Enabling Actions Report Aquatera Ltd January 2014 Report Wave, Tidal
Underwater Active Acoustic Monitoring Network For Marine And Hydrokinetic Energy Projects Stein, P., Edson, P. December 2013 Report Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Fish, Marine Mammals
Biological and Existing Data Analysis to Inform Risk of Collision and Entanglement Hypotheses Kropp, R. December 2013 Report Wave Static Device Marine Mammals
Coastal Impact Induced by a Pelamis Wave Farm Operating in the Portuguese Nearshore Rusu, E., Soares, C. October 2013 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Impacts of a Wave Farm on Waves Currents and Coastal Morphology in South West England Gonzalez-Santamaria, R., Zou, Q., Pan, S. June 2013 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Assessment Method for Sound Radiated by Cyclically Operating Wells Turbines Starzmann, R., et. al. June 2013 Journal Article Wave Noise
Characteristics of the Operational Noise from Full Scale Wave Energy Converters in the Lysekil Project: Estimation of Potential Environmental Impacts Haikonen, K., Sundberg, J., Leijon, M. May 2013 Journal Article Wave Noise
Characteristics of the Operational Noise from Full Scale Wave Energy Converters in the Lysekil Project Haikonen, K., Sundberg, J., Leijon, M. May 2013 Journal Article Wave Noise
Wave & Tidal Knowledge Network The Crown Estate April 2013 Website Wave, Tidal
The Environmental Impact of a Wave Dragon Array Operating in the Black Sea Diaconu, S., Rusu, E. April 2013 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et. al. April 2013 Conference Paper Wave, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Environmental Scoping Report Achill Co Mayo Kavanagh, P. January 2013 Report Wave
Final Annex IV Report 2013 Copping, A., et. al. January 2013 Report Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Marine Mammals
Further Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on Wave Fields Magalen, J., et. al. December 2012 Report Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Multibeam Imaging of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices Williamson, B., Blondel, P. December 2012 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Noise
Modelling the Vertical Directivity of Noise from Underwater Drilling Ward, P., Needham, K. December 2012 Conference Paper Wave Noise
Economic Modelling of the Potential of Wave Energy Hayward, J., et. al. December 2012 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Stereo Video Methodology for Quantitative Analysis of Fish Turbine Interactions Hammar, L., et. al. November 2012 Conference Paper Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Catching the Right Wave: Evaluating Wave Energy Resources and Potential Compatibility with Existing Marine and Coastal Uses Kim, C., et. al. November 2012 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Impact of Wave Energy Converter Array Operation on Nearshore Processes Neill, S., Iglesias, G. October 2012 Conference Paper Wave Nearfield Habitat
West Coast Environmental Protocols Framework Klure, J., et. al. September 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Wave Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Assessing the Sensitivity of Seabird Populations to Adverse Effects from Tidal Stream Turbines and Wave Energy Devices Furness, R., et. al. June 2012 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds
Offshore Wave Energy Generation Devices Impacts on Ocean Bio Environment Lin, L., Yu, H. June 2012 Journal Article Wave Chemical Leaching, EMF, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Equitable Testing and Evaluation of Marine Energy Extraction Devices (EquiMar) EquiMar March 2012 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Offshore Renewable Energy Strategic Action Plan UK Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment March 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK Adams, J., Valpy, B., Krohn, D. March 2012 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on Near Shore Wave Fields Roberts, J., Chang, G., Jones, C. March 2012 Report Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
West Orkney South Wave Energy Site Environmental Scoping Report RSK Environment Ltd March 2012 Report Wave Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
40MW Oyster Wave Array North West Coast Isle of Lewis Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning March 2012 Report Wave Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Scoping Report Killard Kavanagh, P. January 2012 Report Wave
Birds and Wave and Tidal Stream Energy: An Ecological Review McCluskie, A., Langston, R., Wilkinson, N. January 2012 Report Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Wave Birds, Marine Mammals
Wave Energy: A Pacific Perspective Paasch, R., et. al. January 2012 Journal Article Wave
Acoustic Environmental Monitoring - Wello Penguin Cooling System Noise Study Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2012 Report Wave Noise
South West Marine Energy Park Prospectus Southwest Marine Energy Park Coalition January 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
The Environmental Interactions of Tidal and Wave Energy Generation Devices Frid, C., et. al. January 2012 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Regional Locational Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et. al. January 2012 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site Environmental Impact Statement Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland December 2011 Report Wave
A Marine Spatial Planning Approach to Select Suitable Areas for Installing Wave Energy Converters on the Basque Continental Shelf (Bay of Biscay) Galparsoro, I., et. al. December 2011 Journal Article Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Electric Power Research Institute December 2011 Report Wave
Challenges and Opportunities in Tidal and Wave Power Jacobson, P., Rao, K. December 2011 Book Chapter Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report Dooher, B., et. al. December 2011 Report Wave Socio-economics
Riding the Wave: Confronting Jurisdictional and Regulatory Barriers to Ocean Energy Development Murray, D., et. al. October 2011 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Siting Offshore Hydrokinetic Energy Projects Salcido, R. October 2011 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Underwater Noise Measurements of a 1 to 7 Scale Wave Energy Converter Bassett, C., et. al. September 2011 Conference Paper Wave Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Measurements of Shoreline Wave Action to Establish Possible Environmental and Ecological Effects from Wave Energy Converter Arrays Beharie, R. September 2011 Conference Paper Wave Energy Removal
Lysekil Research Site Sweden A Status Update Lejerskog, E., et. al. September 2011 Conference Paper Wave
An Investigation of the Impacts of Climate Change on Wave Energy Generation Reeve, D., et. al. September 2011 Journal Article Wave
Generating Electricity from the Oceans Bahaj, A. September 2011 Journal Article Wave, Tidal
Screening Analysis for the Environmental Risk Evaluation System - Environmental Effects of MHK Energy Copping, A., et. al. September 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Seabird Conservation and Tidal Stream and Wave Power Generation: Information Needs for Predicting and Managing Potential Impacts Langton, R., Davies, I., Scott, B. September 2011 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Static Device Birds
Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Used as Coastal Protection Nørgaard, J., Andersen, T., Kofoed, J. August 2011 Conference Paper Wave Energy Removal
Guidance for Developers at EMEC Grid-Connected Sites European Marine Energy Centre August 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Oyster 2 (Phase 1) Decommissioning Programme Aquamarine Power July 2011 Report Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. July 2011 Journal Article Wave Farfield Environment
Guernsey Renewable Energy Assessment Guernsey Renewable Energy Team July 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Oyster 2 Wave Energy Project Environmental Statement Aquamarine Power June 2011 Report Wave Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Acoustic Field Calibration for Noise Prediction: the CALCOM´10 Data Set Martins, N., Felisberto, P., Jesus, S. June 2011 Conference Paper Wave Noise
Annex IV Project - Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Battey, H., Copping, A. April 2011 Presentation Wave, Tidal
Effective Monitoring Strategies Conley, D. April 2011 Presentation Wave Chemical Leaching, EMF, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Annex IV Goals Copping, A. April 2011 Presentation Wave, Tidal
Development of an Electrical Power Take Off System O’Sullivana, D., et. al. April 2011 Journal Article Wave
Bird Radar Study Geo-Marine Inc April 2011 Report Wave Dynamic Device Birds
Making Marine Renewable Energy Mainstream Murray, M. April 2011 Presentation Wave Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2011 Workshop Article Wave, Tidal Static Device Socio-economics
Environmental Effects and the Permitting Processes for a Deep Water Offshore Wind-Wave Hybrid Generator DeVault, G. March 2011 Report Wave, Offshore Wind
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework RPS March 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Tidal Technologies: Key Issues Across Planning and Development for Environmental Regulators Bell, M., Side, J. March 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
The Marine Renewable Energy Sector Early Stage Supply Chain Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Overview of Ocean Renewable Energy in China Wang, S., et. al. January 2011 Journal Article MHK, Wave, Tidal
Marine renewable energy: The ecological implications of altering the hydrodynamics of the marine environment Shields, M., et. al. January 2011 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental and Ecological Effects Of Ocean Renewable Energy Development Boehlert, G., Gill, A. January 2011 Journal Article OTEC, Wave, In-Stream, Tidal, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
SuperGen Research Helps to Answer Long Standing Problem of Shoreline Exposure Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2011 Presentation Wave, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Wave Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Wave Power—Sustainable Energy Or Environmentally Costly? A Review With Special Emphasis On Linear Wave Energy Converters Langhamer, O., Haikonen, K., Sundberg, J. December 2010 Journal Article Wave
New Frontier of Wave Energy in Oregon Gewin, V. November 2010 Magazine Article Wave Socio-economics
Assessing Wave Energy Effects on Biodiversity: The Wave Hub Experience Witt, M., et. al. October 2010 Journal Article Wave Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Further Analysis Of Change In Nearshore Wave Climate Due To An Offshore Wave Farm: An Enhanced Case Study For The Wave Hub Site Smith, H., Pearce, C., Millar, D. October 2010 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
List of Environmental Effects of MHK Devices Simas, T., Moura, A., Conley, D. September 2010 Presentation OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices Copping, A., O'Toole, M. September 2010 Workshop Article Wave, Tidal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Electromagnetic Measurement Methods Slater, M., et. al. September 2010 Report Wave, Tidal EMF
Potential Impacts of Wave-Powered Marine Renewable Energy Installations on Marine Birds Grecian, W., et. al. August 2010 Journal Article Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds
The Impact Of Wave Energy Farms In The Shoreline Wave Climate: Portuguese Pilot Zone Case Study Using Pelamis Energy Wave Devices Palha, A., et. al. August 2010 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et. al. August 2010 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Collision Risk of Fish with Wave and Tidal Devices ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd July 2010 Report Wave, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Wave Height Reduction by Means of Wave Energy Converters Nørgaard, J., Poulsen, M. June 2010 Thesis Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects Kramer, S., et. al. June 2010 Report Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
An Overview Of Ocean Renewable Energy Technologies Bedard, R., et. al. June 2010 Journal Article OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind
Protocol to Develop an Environmental Impact Study of Wave Energy Converters Bald, J., et. al. May 2010 Report Wave Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon A Literature and Research Review Aquatera Ltd, Parametrix April 2010 Report Wave Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Cumulative Impacts of Wave Energy In Oregon Data Atlas Parametrix, Aquatera Ltd April 2010 Report Wave Socio-economics
Existing Environmental Character, Trends, and Pressures Aquatera Ltd, Parametrix April 2010 Report Wave Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Irish Maritime and Energy Resource Cluster (IMERC) University College Cork, Cork Institute of Technology, Irish Naval Service March 2010 Website Wave, Tidal
Wave Hub Wave Monitoring Project Interim Report Number 3 South West of England Regional Development Agency February 2010 Report Wave
Effects Of Wave Energy Converters On The Surrounding Soft-Bottom Macrofauna Langhamer, O. January 2010 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Invertebrates
Using Adaptive Management To Resolve Uncertainties For Wave And Tidal Energy Projects Oram, C., Marriott, C. January 2010 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Literature Review on the Potential Effects EMF on Fish Bartlett, M., Gill, A. January 2010 Report Wave, Tidal EMF, Noise Fish
Ocean Space, Ocean Place The Human Dimensions Of Wave Energy In Oregon Conway, F., et. al. January 2010 Journal Article Wave Socio-economics
Assessment Noise Wave Energy Austin, M., et. al. December 2009 Report Wave Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Sediment Transport Study Ozkan-Haller, H., et. al. December 2009 Report Wave Static Device Farfield Environment
Offshore Ocean Wave Energy: A Summer 2009 Technology and Market Assessment Electric Power Research Institute December 2009 Report Wave Socio-economics
Advanced Anchoring and Mooring Study Sound and Sea Technologies November 2009 Report Wave Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Impacts of Tidal and Wave Energy Technology in Canada Isaacman, L., Lee, K. November 2009 Report Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Assessment of Tidal and Wave Energy Conversion Technologies in Canada Fisheries and Oceans Canada November 2009 Report Wave, Tidal Energy Removal, Static Device Farfield Environment, Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Utilization António, F. October 2009 Journal Article Wave
Wave Energy Conversion and the Marine Environment: Colonization Patterns and Habitat Dynamics Langhamer, O. October 2009 Thesis Wave Static Device Fish, Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Mutriku Wave Power Plant From the Thinking out to the Reality Torre-Enciso, Y., et. al. September 2009 Conference Paper Wave
Underwater Noise Modelling of Wave Energy Devices Patricio, S., Soares, C., Sarmento, A. September 2009 Presentation Wave Noise
Hydrokinetic Energy in the United States - Resources, Challenges, and Opportunities Previsic, M., et. al. September 2009 Conference Paper Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Environmental Monitoring at the Maren Wave Power Test Site Andersen, K., et. al. September 2009 Conference Paper Wave Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Noise Modelling of Wave Energy Devices Patricio, S., Soares, S., Sarmento, A. September 2009 Conference Paper Wave Noise
Colonization of Blue Mussels (Mytilus Edulis) on Offshore Wave Power Installations Langhamer, O. July 2009 Report Wave Static Device Invertebrates
Colonisation of Fish and Crabs of Wave Energy Foundations and the Effects of Manufactured Holes – A Field Experiment Langhamer, O., Wilhelmsson, D. June 2009 Journal Article Wave Static Device Fish, Invertebrates
Environment Description for the EMEC Wave Test Site Billia Croo, Orkney AURORA Environmental Ltd May 2009 Report Wave Nearfield Habitat
Navigational Safety Risk Assessment for the Wave Test Site at the European Marine Energy Centre Abbott Risk Consulting Ltd May 2009 Report Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Development and Validation of Technical and Economic Feasibility of a Multi MW Wave Dragon Offshore WEC European Commission April 2009 Report Wave Socio-economics
Artificial Reef Effect and Fouling Impacts on Offshore Wave Power Foundations and Buoys Langhamer, O., Wihlhelmsson, D., Engstrom, J. April 2009 Journal Article Wave Static Device Fish, Invertebrates
Wave Power Potential along the Atlantic Coast of the Southeastern USA Defne, Z., Haas, K., Fritz, H. March 2009 Journal Article Wave
High Resolution Metocean Modeling Lawrence, J., Kofoed-Hansen, H., Chevalier, C. January 2009 Report Wave, Tidal
Aspects of Offshore Renewable Energy and the Alterations of Marine Habitats Wilhelmsson, D. January 2009 Thesis Wave, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy and the Marine Environment Langhamer, O. January 2009 Thesis Wave Static Device Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Conversion Systems: Optimal Localization Procedure Benassai, G., Dattero, M., Maffucci, A. January 2009 Journal Article Wave
OCEANTEC: Sea Trials of a Quarter Scale Prototype Salcedo, F., et. al. January 2009 Conference Paper Wave
Wave Energy and Underwater Noise Patricio, S., Moura, A., Simas, T. January 2009 Conference Paper Wave Noise
Baseline Data and Power Analysis for the OWET Dungeness Crab and Fish Baseline Study Terrill, S., et. al. January 2009 Report Wave Fish, Invertebrates
Wave Energy from the North Sea: Experiences from the Lysekil Research Site Leijon, M., et. al. October 2008 Journal Article Wave
Developing Wave Energy in Coastal California Nelson, P., et. al. October 2008 Report Wave EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Distribution and Movement Patterns of Gray Whales Off Central Oregon Mate, B., Ortega-Ortiz, J. October 2008 Report Wave Marine Mammals
Environmental Impact and Appraisal - Planning Consent for the South West of England Wave Hub Harrington, N., Andina-Pendas, I. June 2008 Journal Article Wave
Concurrent and Legacy Economic and Environmental Impacts Allan, G., et. al. May 2008 Journal Article MHK, Wave Socio-economics
Review and Consequences of Maren Test Facility Vattenfall AB May 2008 Report Wave
Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd May 2008 Website Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Wave, Tidal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Quantifying Exposure with Cost Effective Wave Resource Measurements Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2008 Presentation Wave Energy Removal, Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest Boehlert, G., et. al. January 2008 Workshop Article Wave EMF, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Hub Impacts on Surfing Beaches Black, K. December 2007 Report Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics
Wave Energy Potential in the Baltic Sea and the Danish Part of the North Sea Henfridsson, U., et. al. October 2007 Journal Article Wave
Worldwide Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information Regarding Environmental Effects of Alternative Energy Uses on the Outer Continental Shelf Michel, J., et. al. July 2007 Report OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Wave Dragon Pre-Commercial Wave Energy Device, Environmental Statement PMSS Ltd April 2007 Report Wave
Modelling Analysis of the Sensitivity of Shoreline Change to a Wave Farm Millar, D., Smith, H., Reeve, D. April 2007 Journal Article Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Potential Impacts Of Hydrokinetic And Wave Energy Conversion Technologies On Aquatic Environments Cada, G., et. al. April 2007 Journal Article Wave, In-Stream Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Scottish Marine Renewables Strategic Environmental Assessment Faber Maunsell, Metoc PLC March 2007 Report Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
A Framework for an International Marine Energy Roadmap Mueller, M., et. al. January 2007 Workshop Article Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Wave Climate Investigation Array of Wave Power Devices Venugopal, V., Smith, G. January 2007 Conference Paper Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Wave Energy Ecological Effects McMurray, G. January 2007 Workshop Article Wave Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report OTEC, Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Wave Hub Environmental Statement South West of England Regional Development Agency June 2006 Report Wave Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Hub Development and Design Phase Final Design Report South West of England Development Agency June 2006 Report Wave
Relevant Ocean Energy Activities in China Liang, Z. May 2006 Presentation MHK, Wave, Tidal
Wave and Tidal Energy Its Emergence and the Challenges it Faces Ferro, B. May 2006 Journal Article Wave, Tidal Socio-economics
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article OTEC, Wave, Tidal Chemical Leaching Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
An Overview of the Environmental Impact of Non Wind Renewable Energy Systems in the Marine Environment OSPAR Comission January 2006 Conference Paper Wave, Tidal
Social Planning and Environmental Impact Sørensen, H., et. al. January 2006 Report Wave Socio-economics
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Wave Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Wave Power in the US Permitting and Jurisdictional Issues Ram, B., et. al. December 2004 Report Wave Socio-economics
Environmental Issues Offshore Wave Power in US Hagerman, G., Bedard, R. December 2004 Report Wave Chemical Leaching, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Economical Considerations of Renewable Electric Energy Production Leijon, M., et. al. July 2003 Journal Article MHK, Wave Socio-economics
Environmental Assessment for Proposed Wave Energy Technology Project in Kaneohe Bay Hawaii Office of Naval Research January 2003 Report Wave Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Centre Website Wave Energy Centre January 2003 Website Wave
Marine Energy Test Centre Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group Ltd July 2002 Report Wave Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group Ltd July 2002 Report Wave Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Islay Limpet Wave Power Plant Report The Queen’s University of Belfast April 2002 Report Wave
Total Results: 3
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