Offshore Wind

Harnessing wind energy in offshore environments.

Similar to land-based wind technologies, offshore wind uses turbines to generate energy which is delivered to the shore via an export cable. Advantages of offshore wind include stronger and more consistent winds, allowing the use of larger turbine blades. The development of offshore wind in Europe and Asia has preceded development activities in other parts of the world. However, several projects in the United States are currently underway.  The technologies supporting offshore wind development are varied. For example, there are a variety of foundation types which can support the deployment of devices in a range of aquatic environments – shallow nearshore habitats to deeper offshore environments. 

Monopile Foundation

Monopile foundations are used in shallow depth applications (0-30 m) and consist of a pile being driven to varying depths into the seabed (10-40 m) depending on the soil conditions. The pile-driving construction process is an environmental concern as the noise produced is incredibly loud and propagates far in the water, even after mitigation strategies such as bubble shields, slow start, and acoustic cladding. The footprint is relatively small, but may still cause scouring or artificial reefs. Transmission lines also produce an electromagnetic field that may be harmful to some marine organisms.

Tripod Fixed Bottom

Tripod fixed bottom foundations are used in transitional depth applications (20-80 m) and consist of three legs connecting to a central shaft that supports the turbine base. Each leg has a pile driven into the seabed, though less depth is necessary because of the wide foundation. The environmental effects are a combination of those for monopile and gravity foundations.

Gravity Foundation

Gravity foundations are used in shallow depth applications (0-30 m) and consist of a large and heavy base constructed of steel or concrete to rest on the seabed. The footprint is relatively large and may cause scouring, artificial reefs, or physical destruction of habitat upon introduction. Transmission lines also produce an electromagnetic field that may be harmful to some marine organisms.

Gravity Tripod

Gravity tripod foundations are used in transitional depth applications (10-40 m) and consist of two heavy concrete structures connected by three legs, one structure sitting on the seabed while the other is above the water. As of 2013, no offshore windfarms are currently using this foundation. The environmental concerns are identical to those of gravity foundations, though the scouring effect may be less significant depending on the design.

Floating Structure

Floating structure foundations are used in deep depth applications (40-900 m) and consist of a balanced floating structure moored to the seabed with fixed cables. The floating structure may be stabilized using buoyancy, the mooring lines, or a ballast. The mooring lines may cause minor scouring or a potential for collision. Transmission lines also produce an electromagnetic field that may be harmful to some marine organisms.

Total Results: 893
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
A Methodology for Multi-Criteria Design of Multi-Use Offshore Platforms for Marine Renewable Energy Harvesting Zanuttigh, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Valuation of Ecological and Amenity Impacts of an Offshore Windfarm as a Factor in Marine Planning Börger, T., Hooper, T., Austen, M. December 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Influence of Concrete Mix Design on CO2 Emissions for Large Wind Turbine Foundations Berndt, M. November 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Challenges in Implementing Sustainable Marine Spatial Planning: The New Portuguese Legal Framework Case Santos, C., et al. November 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Benthic Monitoring and Sampling Design and Effort to Detect Spatial Changes: A Case Study using Data from Offshore Wind Farm Sites Franco, A., Quintino, V., Elliott, M. October 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
A Unifying Framework for the Underlying Mechanisms of Avian Avoidance of Wind Turbines May, R. October 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Comparison of Manual and Semi-Automatic Underwater Imagery Analyses for Monitoring of Benthic Hard-Bottom Organisms at Offshore Renewable Energy Installations Saskov, A., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Rapid Macrobenthic Recovery after Dredging Activities in an Offshore Wind Farm in the Belgian Part of the North Sea Coates, D., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Succession and Seasonal Dynamics of the Epifauna Community on Offshore Wind Farm Foundations and their Role as Stepping Stones for Non-Indigenous Species Mesel, I., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Improving Australia's Renewable Energy Project Policy and Planning: A Multiple Stakeholder Analysis Martin, N., Rice, J. September 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Seabird Avoidance and Attraction at an Offshore Wind Farm in the Belgian Part of the North Sea Vanermen, N., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Impulsive Sounds Change European Seabass Swimming Patterns: Influence of Pulse Repetition Interval Neo, Y., et al. August 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Leading Edge Erosion of Coated Wind Turbine Blades: Review of Coating Life Models Slot, H., et al. August 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Chemicals
Foundation Damping and the Dynamics of Offshore Wind Turbine Monopiles Carswell, W., et al. August 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Attitudes and Perceptions of Fishermen on the Island of Ireland Towards the Development of Marine Renewable Energy Projects Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. August 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Integrated Environmental Mapping and Monitoring, a Methodological Approach to Optimise Knowledge Gathering and Sampling Strategy Nilssen, I., et al. July 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
A Computational Method to Predict and Study Underwater Noise due to Pile Driving Schecklman, S., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Seabird-Wind Farm Interactions During the Breeding Season Vary Within and Between Years: A Case Study of Lesser Black-Backed Gull Larus fuscus in the UK Thaxter, C., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Floating Offshore Turbines Tande, J., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Curtailing Wind Turbine Operations to Reduce Avian Mortality Singh, K., Baker, E., Lackner, M. June 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Tradeoff Analysis of Energy Harvesting and Noise Emission for Distributed Wind Turbines Shaltout, M., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Noise
Sound Exposure in Harbour Seals During the Installation of an Offshore Wind Farm: Predictions of Auditory Damage Hastie, G., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Long-Term Effects of an Offshore Wind Farm in the North Sea on Fish Communities Stenberg, C., et al. May 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish
Consolidating the State of Knowledge: A Synoptical Review of Wind Energy’s Wildlife Effects Schuster, E., Bulling, L., Köppel, J. April 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Bats, Birds, Marine Mammals
Offshore Wind Park Monitoring Programmes, Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the Future Lindeboom, H., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Assessment of Entanglement Risk to Marine Megafauna due to Offshore Renewable Energy Mooring Systems Harnois, V., et al. April 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Ecological Impacts of Wind Farms on Birds: Questions, Hypotheses, and Research Needs Wang, S., Wang, S., Smith, P. April 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
TROPOS Project Final Report Brito, J. March 2015 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Ecosystem
Bird Movements at Rotor Heights Measured Continuously with Vertical Radar at a Dutch Offshore Wind Farm Fijn, R., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Conference on Wind Energy and Wildlife Impacts: Book of Abstracts Köppel, J., Schuster, E. March 2015 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Environmental Issues Associated with Wind Energy - A Review Dai, K., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Noise, Static Device
Towards a Cumulative Collision Risk Assessment of Local and Migrating Birds in North Sea Offshore Wind Farms Brabant, R., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Ocean Zoning for Conservation, Fisheries and Marine Renewable Energy: Assessing Trade-Offs and Co-Location Opportunities Yates, K., Schoeman, D., Klein, C. February 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device
Rights and Ownership in Sea Country: Implications of Marine Renewable Energy for Indigenous and Local Communities Kerr, S., et al. February 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Mitigating Wind-Turbine Induced Avian Mortality: Sensory, Aerodynamic and Cognitive Constraints and Options May, R., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Offshore Wind Farms Development in Relation to Environmental Protected Areas Spiropoulou, I., Karamanis, D., Kehayias,G. February 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Performance and Integrity of Protective Coating Systems for Offshore Wind Power Structures after Three Years Under Offshore Site Conditions Momber, A., Plagemann, P., Stenzel, V. February 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Chemicals
Dark Green Electricity Comes from the Sea: Capitalizing on Ecological Merits of Offshore Wind Power? Toonen, H., Lindeboom, H. February 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Private Incentives for the Emergence of Co-Production of Offshore Wind Energy and Mussel Aquaculture Griffin, R., Buck, B., Krause, G. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics
Renewables-To-Reefs? Decommissioning Options for the Offshore Wind Power Industry Smyth, K., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem
Assessing Seabird Displacement at Offshore Wind Farms: Power Ranges of a Monitoring and Data Handling Protocol Vanermen, N., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
The European Offshore Wind Industry - Key Trends and Statistics 2014 Corbetta, G., et al. January 2015 Report Offshore Wind
The New Mode of Marine Planning in the UK: Aspirations and Challenges Scarff, G., Fitzsimmons, C., Gray, T. January 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Renewable Energy Developments in an Uncertain World: The Case of Offshore Wind and Birds in the UK Masden, E., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations: Staying Afloat in Deepwaters Sunderasan, S. January 2015 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Lessons from Stakeholder Dialogues on Marine Aquaculture in Offshore Wind Farms: Perceived Potentials, Constraints and Research Gaps Wever, L., Krause, G., Buck, B. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Special Issue: Renewable Ocean Energy Development and the Environment Zydlewski, G., Copping, A., Redden, A. January 2015 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for Wind Energy Planning: Lessons from the United Kingdom and Germany Phylip-Jones, J., Fischer, T. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind
A Life Cycle Co-Benefits Assessment of Wind Power in China Xue, B., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Towards a Numerical Model to Simulate the Observed Displacement of Harbour Porpoises Phocoena phocoena Due to Pile Driving in Belgian Waters Haelters, J., et al. December 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy Spellman, F. December 2014 Book MHK general, Offshore Wind
Investigating the Co-Existence of Fisheries and Offshore Renewable Energy in the UK: Identification of a Mitigation Agenda for Fishing Effort Displacement de Groot, J., et al. December 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
The Influence of Large Offshore Wind Farms on the North Sea and Baltic Sea - A Comprehensive Literature Review Clark, S., Schroeder, F., Baschek, B. December 2014 Report Offshore Wind Energy Removal Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Toward Wind Farm Monitoring Optimization: Assessment of Ecological Zones from Marine Landscapes using Machine Learning Algorithms Grilli, A., Shumchenia, E. December 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Offshore Wind Submarine Cable Spacing Guidance TÜV SÜD PMSS, Red Penguin Associates December 2014 Report Offshore Wind
Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Offshore Virginia Environmental Assessment Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Office of Renewable Energy Programs December 2014 Report Offshore Wind
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generated by Offshore Wind Farms Reimers, B., Özdirik, B., Kaltschmitt, M. December 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Practical Management of Cumulative Anthropogenic Impacts with Working Marine Examples Wright, A., Kyhn, L. November 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Ecosystem
Eco-Maintenance for Complex Systems: Application on System of Renewable Energy Production Tchertchian, N., Millet, D. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Symbiotic Offshore Energy Harvesting and Storage Systems Slocum, A. November 2014 Journal Article Wave, Offshore Wind Birds
The New Noise Mitigation System 'Hydro Sound Dampers': History of Development with Several Hydro Sound and Vibration Measurements Burns, B., et al. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
New Achievements in Underwater Noise Modelling for Offshore Pile Driving Trimoreau, B., et al. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
New Hydro Sound Dampers to Reduce Piling Underwater Noise Elmer, K., Savery, J. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Dynamic Measurements of Pile Deflections as a Source of Underwater Sound Emissions during Impact Driving of Offshore Pile Foundations Kuhn, C., et al. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Hydro Sound Measurements during the Installation of Large Diameter Offshore Piles using Combinations of Independent Noise Mitigation Systems Burns, B., et al. November 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Wildlife Goodale, W., Milman, A. November 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Farfield Environment
Understanding Bird Collisions at Wind Farms: An Updated Review on the Causes and Possible Mitigation Strategies Marques, A., et al. November 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Is EIA Part of the Wind Power Planning Problem? Smart, D., Stojanovic, T., Warren, C. November 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Equivocal Effects of Offshore Wind Farms in Belgium on Soft Substrate Epibenthos and Fish Assemblages Vandendriessche, S., Derweduwen, J., Hostens, K. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Assessing the Underwater Acoustics of the World's Largest Vibration Hammer (OCTA-KONG) and Its Potential Effects on the Indo-Pacific Humpbacked Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) Wang, Z., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
In Situ Mortality Experiments with Juvenile Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in Relation to Impulsive Sound Levels Caused by Pile Driving of Windmill Foundations Dubusschere, E., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Pseudo Spectral Analysis of the Energy Entrainment in a Scaled Down Wind Farm Newman, J., Drew, D., Castillo, L. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal
What Flight Heights Tell Us About Foraging and Potential Conflicts with Wind Farms: A Case Study in Lesser Black-Backed Gulls (Larus fuscus) Corman, A., Garthe, S. October 2014 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Modeling Large Offshore Wind Farms Under Different Atmospheric Stability Regimes with the Park Wake Model Peña, A., Réthoré, P., Rathmann, O. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Farfield Environment
Experimental Analysis of the Wake of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Model Lignarolo, L., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Great Skua (Stercorarius skua) Movements at Sea in Relation to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. October 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Strengthening the Role of Science in Marine Governance through Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study of the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Wright, G. October 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Assessing Environmental Impacts of Offshore Wind Farms: Lessons Learned and Recommendations for the Future Bailey, H., Brookes, K., Thompson, P. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise Birds, Ecosystem, Marine Mammals
Mapping Seabird Sensitivity to Offshore Wind Farms Bradbury, G., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
The Significance of Parameter Uncertainties for the Prediction of Offshore Pile Driving Noise Lippert, T., von Estorff, O. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Implications for offshore wind farm ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment Tongue, A. September 2014 Thesis Offshore Wind Birds
Biodiversity Offsets for Offshore Wind Farm Projects: The Current Situation in Europe Vaissière, A., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Community Benefits, Framing and the Social Acceptance of Offshore Wind Farms: An Experimental Study in England Walker, B., Wiersma, B., Bailey, E. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
An Integrated Visual Impact Assessment Model for Offshore Windfarm Development Depellegrin, D., Blažauskas, N., Egarter-Vigl, L. September 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Predicting the Large-Scale Consequences of Offshore Wind Turbine Array Development on a North Sea Ecosystem van der Molen, J., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Ecosystem
Cautious but Committed: Moving Toward Adaptive Planning and Operation Strategies for Renewable Energy’s Wildlife Implications Köppel, J., Dahmen, M., Helfrich, J. August 2014 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Bats, Socio-economics
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Renewable Energy Sources: A Review of Lifecycle Considerations Amponsah, N., et al. August 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
Computationally Efficient Modelling of Dynamic Soil Structure Interaction of Offshore Wind Turbines on Gravity Footings Damgaard, M., Andersen, L., Ibsen, L. August 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Recent Developments of Ocean Environmental Description with Focus on Uncertainties Bitner-Gregersen, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Applicability of the "Frame of Reference" Approach for Environmental Monitoring of Offshore Renewable Energy Projects Garel, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
Report on Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategies TROPOS July 2014 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Lighting, Static Device Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Marine Mammals Trace Anthropogenic Structures at Sea Russell, D., et al. July 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
A Comparison of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approaches to Benthic Habitat Mapping to Inform Offshore Wind Energy Development LaFrance, M., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Numerical Study for Wave-Induced Seabed Response around Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation in Donghai Offshore Wind Farm, Shanghai, China Chang, K., Jeng, D. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal
Impact Hypothesis for Offshore Wind Farms: Explanatory Models for Species Distribution at Extremely Exposed Rocky Areas Schläppy, M., Saskov, A., Dahlgren, T. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Repeated Mapping of Reefs Constructed by Sabellaria spinulosa Leuckart 1849 at an Offshore Wind Farm Site Pearce, B., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plant Powered by Renewable Energy Shahabi, M., et al. July 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Geological and Geotechnical Characterisation for Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations: A Case Study of the Sheringham Shoal Wind Farm Le, T., et al. July 2014 Thesis Offshore Wind Static Device
Similar Diversity-Disturbance Responses to Different Physical Impacts: Three Cases of Small-Scale Biodiversity Increase in the Belgian Part of the North Sea De Backer, A., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
A Sustainability Index of Potential Co-Location of Offshore Wind Farms and Open Water Aquaculture Benassai, G., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Socio-economics
Lake Michigan Offshore Wind Feasibility Assessment Boezaart, A., et al. June 2014 Report Offshore Wind Noise Bats, Birds, Socio-economics
Offshore Activity of Bats Along the Mid-Atlantic Coast Sjollema, A., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Bats
Physical and Numerical Large-Scale Wave Basin Modeling of Fluid-Structure Interaction and Wave Impact Phenomena Yim, S., et al. June 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Man-Made Structures on Sedimentary Oxygenation: Extent, Seasonality and Implications for Offshore Renewables Wilding, T. June 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Assessing Ecological Risks of Offshore Wind Power on Kattegat Cod Hammar, L., Wikström, A., Molander, S. June 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Chemicals, EMF, Noise, Static Device Fish
The Key Technologies and Development of Offshore Wind Farm in China Wu, J., Wang, Z., Wang, G. June 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Coordination and Cooperation in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the US National Ocean Policy Maier, N. May 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Responses of Free-Living Coastal Pelagic Fish to Impulsive Sounds Hawkins, A., Roberts, L., Cheesman, S. May 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Identifying Space for Offshore Wind Energy in the North Sea. Consequences of Scenario Calculations for Interactions with Other Marine Uses Jongbloed, R., van der Wal, J., Lindeboom, H. May 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Environmental Risk Evaluation System An Approach to Ranking Risk of Ocean Energy Development on Coastal and Estuarine Environments Copping, A., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Design and Initial Component Tests of an integrated Avian and Bat Collision Detection System for Offshore Wind Turbines Flowers, J., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats, Birds
Environmental aspects of designing multi-purpose offshore platforms in the scope of the FP7 TROPOS Project Lu, S., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Field Testing of Multiple Sensors in an Underwater Environment Monitoring System Chan, H., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind
Turbid Wakes Associated with Offshore Wind Turbines Observed with Landsat 8 Vanhellemont, Q., Ruddick, K. April 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Large Eddy Simulation Studies of the Effects of Alignment and Wind Farm Length Stevens, R., Gayme, D., Meneveau, C. April 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal
Enrichment and Shifts in Macrobenthic Assemblages in an Offshore Wind Farm Area in the Belgian Part of the North Sea Coates, D., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Establishing an Agenda for Social Studies Research in Marine Renewable Energy Kerr, S., et al. April 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Review of Environmental Data Associated with Post-Consent Monitoring of Licence Conditions of Offshore Wind Farms Marine Management Organisation April 2014 Report Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals
On a Hybrid Model for the Prediction of Pile Driving Noise from Offshore Wind Farms Lippert, T., von Estorff, O. April 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Experimental Study on Influence of Pitch Motion on the Wake of a Floating Wind Turbine Model Rockel, S., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on Marine Wildlife - A Generalized Impact Assessment Bergström, L., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind EMF, Noise, Static Device Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals
Soaring Migratory Birds Avoid Wind Farm in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Southern Mexico Villegas-Patraca, R., Cabrera-Cruz, S., Herrera-Alsina, L. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Survey of Beached Birds and Mammals: Sao Jacinto - Torreira van Nus, T., Moreira, P. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Marine Mammals
Habitat Use and Selection of Black Scoters in Southern New England and Siting of Offshore Wind Energy Facilities Loring, P., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Taming Hurricanes with Arrays of Offshore Wind Turbines Jacobson, M., Archer, C., Kempton, W. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 12: Marine and Intertidal Ecology Lewis, J. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 13: Fish and Shellfish Ecology Brown & May Marine March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
The State of Rhode Island's Pioneering Marine Spatial Plan Olsen, S., McCann, J., Fugate, G. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Assessing the Impact of Underwater Sounds on Fishes and Other Forms of Marine Life Hawkins, A., Popper, A. March 2014 Magazine Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 14: Marine Mammals Mackey, B., Keenan, G. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 22: Socio-Economics Beeden, D. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Mapping Fisheries for Marine Spatial Planning: Gear-Specific Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), Marine Conservation and Offshore Renewable Energy Campbell, M., et al. March 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Fish
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 29: Noise and Vibration Wigham, S. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Noise
The Potential of Offshore Wind Farms to Act as Marine Protected Areas Ashley, M., Mangi, S., Rodwell, L. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 15: Commercial Fisheries Brown & May Marine March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Fish
Quieting Technologies for Reducing Noise During Seismic Surveying and Pile Driving Workshop CSA Ocean Sciences Inc. March 2014 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 10: Marine Water and Sediment Quality Page, C. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Wind Energy: Increasing Deployment, Rising Environmental Concerns Tabassum-Abbasi, et al. March 2014 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Noise Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Evaluating Offshore Wind Energy Feasibility off the California Central Coast Feinberg, L., et al. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind
Encouraging Renewable Energy in the Offshore Environment Appiott, J., Dhanju, A., Cicin-Sain, B. March 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 11: Marine and Coastal Ornithology Thornton, P. March 2014 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Study and Application of Underwater Noise Impact in Coastal Region off Western Taiwan Cheng, Y., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Effective Mitigation of Underwater Piling Noise Karl-Heinz, E. February 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
D4.06 Data Reports and Databases: Data on Coastal and Offshore Wind Measurements Courtney, M., et al. February 2014 Report Offshore Wind
Assessing the Impact of Windfarms in Subtidal, Exposed Marine Areas Dahlgren, T., et al. February 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy and Environmental Interactions: Baseline Assessments of Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Benthic Communities on the Oregon Shelf Henkel, S., Suryan, R., Lagerquist, B. February 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Will Offshore Energy Face Fair Winds and Following Seas?: Understanding the Factors Influencing Offshore Wind Acceptance Teisl, M., et al. February 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
A bibliography of bat fatality, activity, and interactions with wind turbines Johnson, G., Arnett, E., Hein, C. February 2014 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats
Airborne Sound Propagation Over Sea During Offshore Wind Farm Piling Van Renterghem, T., Botteldooren, D., Dekoninck, L. February 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
The Cumulative Effect on Sound Levels from Multiple Underwater Anthropogenic Sound Sources in Shallow Coastal Waters Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. February 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise
Modelling Flight Heights of Marine Birds to More Accurately Assess Collision Risk with Offshore Wind Turbines Johnston, A., et al. February 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Effects of Noise and By-Catch on a Danish Harbour Porpoise Population Nabe-Nielsen, J., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment: Progress and Challenges Polagye, B. January 2014 Presentation MHK general, Offshore Wind
Quantifying the Impact of Offshore Wind Farms on Gannet Populations: A Strategic Ringing Project Furness, R., Wanless, S. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Long Term Estimations of Low Frequency Noise Levels over Water from an Off-Shore Wind Farm Bolin, K., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
The Ecology of Benthopelagic Fishes at Offshore Wind Farms: A Synthesis of 4 Years of Research Reubens, J., Degraer, S., Vincx, M. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
System Perspectives on Renewable Power Sandén, B. January 2014 Book MHK general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals
Environmental Impacts of Offshore Wind Power Production in the North Sea Draget, E. January 2014 Report Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
U.S. National Debate Topic 2014-2015: The Ocean H.W. Wilson Company January 2014 Book MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Power from the Brave New Ocean: Marine Renewable Energy and Ecological Risks Hammar, L. January 2014 Thesis MHK general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Fish, Socio-economics
Co-Location of Activities and Designations: A Means of Solving or Creating Problems in Marine Spatial Planning? Christie, N., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
A Spatial Conservation Prioritization Approach for Protecting Marine Birds Given Proposed Offshore Wind Energy Development Winiarski, K., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Foraging Ranges of Northern Gannets in Relation to Proposed Offshore Wind Farms in the UK 2010 - 2012 - Completed Project Royal Society for the Protection of Birds January 2014 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Offshore Marine Renewable Energy Devices as Stepping Stones Across Biogeographical Boundaries Adams, T., et al. January 2014 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem, Benthic Invertebrates
Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm Alpha Ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives Beiersdorf, A., Radecke, A. January 2014 Book Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
The Co-Location of Offshore Windfarms and Decapod Fisheries in the UK: Constraints and Opportunities Hooper, T., Austen, M. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Offshore Energy Structures Karimirad, M. January 2014 Book MHK general, Offshore Wind
Seismic Response of Large-Scale Prestressed Concrete Bucket Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines Zhang, P., Ding, H., Conghuan, L. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Understanding the Potential for Marine Megafauna Entanglement Risk from Marine Renewable Energy Developments Benjamins, S., et al. January 2014 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions Shields, M., Payne, A. January 2014 Book Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Off-Shore Wind Farm Development: Present Status and Challenges Perveen, R., Kishor, N., Mohanty, S. January 2014 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Potential Impacts from a Worst Case Discharge from an United States Offshore Wind Farm Gunter, T. January 2014 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Chemicals
Prediction of Structure Borne Noise Radiation and Propagation from Offshore Impact Pile Driving Huikwan, K. January 2014 Thesis Offshore Wind Noise
The European Offshore Wind Industry - Key Trends and Statistics 2013 Corbetta, G., Pineda, I., Moccia, J. January 2014 Report Offshore Wind
D2.6 Report on Offshore Wind System Monitoring Practice and Normalisation Procedures Schaumann, P., et al. December 2013 Report Offshore Wind
Behavioral Responses of a Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) to Playbacks of Broadband Pile Driving Sounds Kastelein, R., et al. December 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Foraging Ranges of Northern Gannets in Relation to Proposed Offshore Wind Farms in the UK: 2010-2012 Langston, R., Teuten, E., Butler, A. December 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Developing a Commons for Understanding Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Copping, A., et al. December 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
The Influence of Group Size and Social Interactions on Collision Risk with Obstacles Croft, S., et al. December 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Grey Seal Population Surveys of the Isles of Scilly and Parc Naturel Marin d’Iroise Witt, M. December 2013 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Energy Profiling of Demersal Fish: A Case-Study in Wind Farm Artificial Reefs De Troch, M., et al. December 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Harbor Seals & Harbor Porpoises-Pile Driving: Detection, Behavioral Response and TTS Kastelein, R. November 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
How Deep does an Anchor Penetrate the Seafloor? Maushake, C. November 2013 Workshop Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Investigation of Sonar Transponders for Offshore Wind Farms: Modeling Approach, Experimental Setup, and Results Fricke, M., Rolfes, R. November 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy Implications for Cetaceans James, V. November 2013 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, EMF, Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals
The Shipping Industry and Marine Spatial Planning Patraiko, D., Holthus, P. November 2013 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device
Short-Term Disturbance by a Commercial Two-Dimensional Seismic Survey does Not Lead to Long-Term Displacement of Harbour Porpoises Thompson, P., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Framework for Assessing Impacts of Pile-Driving Noise from Offshore Wind Farm Construction on a Harbour Seal Population Thomson, P., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Spatially Explicit Model of Wintering Common Loons: Conservation Implications Winiarski, K., et al. October 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Eco-Hydro-Acoustic Modeling and its Use as an EIA Tool Rossington, K., et al. October 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Impact of Secondary Hard Substrate on the Distribution and Abundance of Aurelia aurita in the Western Baltic Sea Janßen, H., et al. October 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
User Guide for the MRSea Package: Marine Renewables Strategic Environmental Assessment Scott-Hayward, L., et al. October 2013 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Birds, Marine Mammals
Marine Renewable Energy Development: Assessing the Benthic Footprint at Multiple Scales Miller, R., et al. October 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Bird Communities and Wind Farms: A Phylogenetic and Morphological Approach Herrera-Alsina, L., et al. September 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Residency, Site Fidelity and Habitat Use of Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) at an Offshore Wind Farm Using Acoustic Telemetry Reubens, J., et al. September 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish
Methodology and Results of Calibration of Tonal Click Detectors for Small Odontocetes (C-PODs) Dähne, M., et al. September 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Offshore Wind Farms as Productive Sites or Ecological Traps for Gadoid Fishes Reubens, J., et al. September 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
The Ecology of Benthopelagic Fish at Offshore Wind Farms - Towards an Integrated Management Approach Reubens, J. August 2013 Thesis Offshore Wind Fish
Ocean Energy as Ocean Space Use Only Conflicts or Also Synergies Neumann, F. August 2013 Website MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Modelling of Noise Effects of Operational Offshore Wind Turbines Marmo, B., et al. August 2013 Report Offshore Wind Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
The Relative Vulnerability of Migratory Bird Species to Offshore Wind Energy Projects on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Willmott, J., Forcey, G., Kent, A. August 2013 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
On the Prediction of Pile Driving Induced Underwater Sound Pressure Levels Over Long Ranges Lippert, T., et al. July 2013 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise Farfield Environment
Birds and Offshore Wind: Studying and Assessing Effects Pereksta, D. July 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Birds
Environmental Impact of Wind Energy Mann, J., Teilmann, J. July 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Mid Atlantic Marine Wildlife Surveys Modeling and Data Workshop to Establish Coordination and Communication Brown-Saracino, J., Smith, C., Gilman, P. July 2013 Workshop Article Offshore Wind Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Mobile Demersal Megafauna at Artificial Structures in the German Bight - Likely Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Development Krone, R., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Design and Implementation of a Marine Animal Alert System to Support Marine Renewable Energy Deng, Z., et al. July 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Mobile Demersal Megafauna at Artificial Structures in the German Bight - Likely Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Development Krone, R., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Hornsea Offshore Wind Farm Project One: Environmental Statement: Volume 5 - Offshore Annexes Chapter 5.5.1: Ornithology Technical Report RPS Group July 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Hornsea Offshore Wind Farm Project One: Reports - Habitat Regulations Assessment Report: Information to Support the Appropriate Assessment for Project One RPS Group July 2013 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Effects of an Offshore Wind Farm on Temporal and Spatial Patterns in the Demersal Fish Community Bergström, L., Sundqvist, F., Bergström, U. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ultrasonic Acoustic Deterrent for Reducing Bat Fatalities at Wind Turbines Arnett, E., et al. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Marine Renewable Energies Perspectives and Implications for Marine Ecosystems Azzellino, A., et al. June 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Predicting Underwater Radiated Noise Levels due to the First Offshore Wind Turbine Installation in the US Kim, H., Miller, J., Potty, G. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Model for Underwater Noise Radiated by Submerged Wind Turbine Towers Hay, T., et al. June 2013 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Potential Scour for Marine Current Turbines Based on Experience of Offshore Wind Turbine Chen, L., Lam, W., Shamsuddin, A. June 2013 Conference Paper MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Diversity of Demersal and Megafaunal Assemblages Inhabiting Sandbanks of the Irish Sea Atalah, J., et al. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Information Synthesis on the Potential for Bat Interactions with Offshore Wind Facilities Pelletier, S., et al. June 2013 Report Offshore Wind Bats
A Semi Analytical Model for the Prediction of Underwater Noise from Offshore Pile Driving Tsouvalas, A., Metrikine, V. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Cumulative Impacts Assessment Guidelines: Guiding Principles for Cumulative Impacts Assessment in Offshore Wind Farms Renewable UK June 2013 Report Offshore Wind
Modelling the Spatial Concentrations of Bird Migration to Assess Conflicts with Wind Turbines Liechti, F., Guélat, J., Komenda-Zehnder, S. June 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Diel Variation in Feeding and Movement Patterns of Juvenile Atlantic Cod at Offshore Wind Farms Reubens, J., et al. May 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
EIA for Wind Farms in the United Kingdom and Germany Phylip-Jones, J., Fischer, T. May 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Wind Energy's Subtle Effect - Habitat Fragmentation Pruett, J. May 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Static Device Bats, Birds
Assessing Vulnerability of Marine Bird Populations to Offshore Wind Farms Furness, R., Wade, H., Masden, E. April 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
How the Belgian Wind Farm Business Made us Discover the Challenging Environment of Marine Sand Dunes Bolle, A., Mathys, M., Haerens, P. April 2013 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Epifauna Dynamics at an Offshore Foundation Implications of Future Wind Power Farming in the North Sea Krone, R., et al. April 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Wave, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Modelling Potential Changes in Marine Biogeochemistry due to Large-Scale Offshore Wind Farms van der Molen, J., Rees, J., Limpenny, S. April 2013 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Energy Removal Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy and Scottish West Coast Fishers: Exploring Impacts, Opportunities and Potential Mitigation Alexander, K., Potts, T., Wilding, T. April 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Fish, Socio-economics
The Impact of Offshore Wind Farms on Marine Ecosystems Mangi, S. April 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2013 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Birds and Wind Projects Across the Pond A UK Perspective Rowena, H., Langston, W. March 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Habitat Utilization in White-Tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) and the Displacement Impact of the Smøla Wind-Power Plant May, R., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Effects of Pile Driving on Harbour Porpoises at the First Offshore Wind Farm in Germany Dähne, M., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Habitat Engineering by Decadal-Scale Bioturbation around Shipwrecks on the Great Barrier Reef Mid-Shelf Stieglitz, T. March 2013 Thesis Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem
Burbo Bank Extension Offshore Wind Farm Commercial Fisheries Technical Report Brown & May Marine Ltd March 2013 Report Offshore Wind Fish
Aggregation at Windmill Artificial Reefs CPUE Reubens, J., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Burbo Bank Extension Offshore Wind Farm Volume 2: ES Biological Environment DONG Energy March 2013 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Individual Consistency in the Foraging Behaviour of Northern Gannets Soanes, L., et al. March 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Modeling Carcass Removal Time for Avian Mortality Assessment in Wind Farms Using Survival Analysis Bispo, R., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Assessing the State of Knowledge of Utility-Scale Wind Energy Development and Operation on Non-Volant Terrestrial and Marine Wildlife Lovich, J., Ennen, J. March 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Ornithology Technical Report for the proposed Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Offshore Wind Farm projects Burton, N., et al. March 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds
US Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development Navigant Consulting Inc February 2013 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis Navigant Consulting Inc February 2013 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Seal Scarers as a Tool to Deter Harbour Porpoises from Offshore Construction Sites Brandt, M., et al. February 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Effects of Offshore Windfarms on Marine Wildlife - A Synthesis for Swedish Waters Bergström, L., et al. February 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Offshore Obstruction Lighting - Issues and Mitigation Blew, J., Nehls, G., Prall, U. February 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Development of Noise Mitigation Measures in Offshore Wind Farm Construction Koschinski, S., Lüdemann, K. February 2013 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Differentiating Between Underwater Construction Noise of Monopile and Jacket Foundations for Offshore Windmills Norro, A., Rumes, B., Degraer, S. February 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Cautious but Committed - Towards a More Adaptive Environmental Planning Approach for Wind Energy? Köppel, J. February 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Responses of Harbour Porpoises to Pile Driving on a Temporal and Spatial Scale Braasch, A., Joost, M., Ketzer, C. February 2013 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Danish Offshore Wind Key Environmental Issues - A Follow-up Danish Energy Agency February 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals
Conference on Wind Power and Environmental Impacts Book of Abstracts Naturvårdsverket February 2013 Report Offshore Wind
The Case for Offshore Wind Farms, Artificial Reefs and Sustainable Tourism in the French Mediterranean Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J., Lifran, R. February 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Marine Data Exchange The Crown Estate January 2013 Website Offshore Wind
Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process to a Sustainability Assessment of Coastal Beach Exploitation: A Case Study of the Wind Power Projects on the Coastal Beaches of Yancheng, China Tian, W., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Underwater Noise Generated from Marine Piling Robinson, S., Theobald, P., Lepper, P. January 2013 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Analysis of Marine Environmental Monitoring Plan Data from the Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm Scotland Walls, R., et al. January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Seabird Aggregative Patterns A New Tool for Offshore Wind Energy Risk Assessment Christel, I., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Electromagnetic Simulation of the Near Field Distribution around a Wind Farm Ling, H., Yang, S. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind EMF Nearfield Habitat
Argyll Array Windfarm Basking Shark Draft Chapter for Environmental Statement Booth, C., King, S., Lacey, C. January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
How a Wind Turbine Works EWEA January 2013 Video Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Attitudes of Scottish Fishers Towards Marine Renewable Energy Alexander, K., Wilding, T., Jacomina Heymans, J. January 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Fish, Socio-economics
Modeling of Underwater Noise from Pile Driving using Coupled Finite Element and Parabolic Equation Model with Improved Parabolic Equation Starting Field Park, J., Seong, W., Lee, K. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Environmental Impacts of Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Learning from the Past to Optimise Future Monitoring Programmes Degraer, S., Brabant, R., Rumes, B. January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
The Effects of Wind Power on Human Interests Henningsson, M., et al. January 2013 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Effects of Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations on Mobile Demersal Megafauna and Pelagic Fish - Research at the Alpha Ventus Offshore Wind Farm Krone, R., Krägefsky, S. January 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device
Economic Evaluation of the Recreational Value of the Coastal Environment in a Marine Renewables Deployment Area Voke, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Evaluating the Statistical Power of Detecting Changes in the Abundance of Seabirds at Sea Maclean, I., et al. January 2013 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Birds
Effects of Pile-Driving on Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) at the First Offshore Wind Farm in Germany Dähne, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Bird Monitoring at Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea - Assessing Seabird Displacement Effects Vanermen, N., et al. January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Permitting and Leasing for Marine Offshore Wind Energy Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Sound Solutions: Construction of Offshore Wind Farms Without Underwater Noise Stichting de Noordzee January 2013 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Harbour Porpoises in the Southern North Sea - Analysis of Potential Influences of Alpha Ventus in the Context of General Distribution Trends Gilles, A., et al. January 2013 Presentation Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Consequences of a Cumulative Perspective on Marine Environmental Impacts Busch, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds, Farfield Environment
Validation of Finite Element Computations for the Quantitative Prediction of Underwater Noise from Impact Pile Driving Zampolli, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Is a German Harbour Porpoise Much More Sensitive than a British One Luedeke, J. December 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Potential Impacts of Ocean Energy Development on Marine Mammals in Oregon Davis, A. December 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Negative Long Term Effects on Harbour Porpoises from a Large Scale Offshore Wind Farm in the Baltic Carstensen, J., Teilmann, J. December 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Negative Long Term Effects on Harbour Porpoises from a Large Scale Offshore Wind Farm in the Baltic - Evidence of Slow Recovery Teilmann, J., Carstensen, J. December 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Horns Rev 2 Monitoring 2010-2012: Migrating Birds Skov, H., et al. December 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Evaluation of the DTBird video-system at the Smøla wind-power plant. Detection capabilities for capturing near-turbine avian behaviour Hamre, O., Vang, R., Nygård, T. December 2012 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Wind Energy Facts EWEA December 2012 Presentation Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Wind Energy Myths EWEA December 2012 Presentation Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Socio-economics
Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm Bird Monitoring Program Skov, H., et al. December 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Modelling of Pile Driving Noise by Means of Wavenumber Integration Lippert, T., Lippert, S. December 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programme Marine Scotland, et al. December 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
D2.4 Collation of Off‐shore Wind‐Wave Dynamics Bredmose, H., et al. November 2012 Report Offshore Wind
Proceedings of the Wind-Wildlife Research Meeting IX American Wind Wildlife Institute November 2012 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
ReNews Global Offshore Wind Report 2012 Westbrook, T., Kennedy, S., Wachtmeister, W. November 2012 Magazine Article Offshore Wind
A Case Study on the Effects of Underwater Noise During the Construction of Large Offshore Wind Farms Mason, T., Barham, R., Nedwell, J. November 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Assessing the Environmental Impact of Underwater Noise During Offshore Windfarm Construction and Operation Nedwell, J., et al. November 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Analysis of the Argyll Array Turbine Layout Iterations in Relation to Ornithological Constraints Bullman, R., Shaylon, S. November 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Mitigation of Low-Frequency Underwater Anthropogenic Noise using Stationary Encapsulated Gas Bubbles Lee, K., Wochner, M., Wilson, P. November 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Argyll Array Offshore Windfarm Report to Inform a Shadow Appropriate Assessment - Great Northern Diver Potential SPAs NIRAS Consulting Ltd. November 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
East Anglia ONE Offshore Windfarm: Environmental Statement Environmental Resource Management November 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Effects on Harbour Porpoises from Rødsand 2 Offshore Wind Farm Teilmann, J., Tougaard, J., Carstensen, J. November 2012 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
A Model for Passive Underwater Noise Suppression by Bubble Curtains Surrounding Point or Line Sources in Shallow Water Hay, T., et al. October 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Localization of Southern Resident Killer Whales Using Two Star Arrays to Support Marine Renewable Energy Ren, H., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Cod and Sole Behaviour in an Offshore Wind Farm Winter, E., Aarts, G., van Keeken, O. October 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Fish
The Local Fish Community, Indifferent to the Wind Farm? van Hal, R., Griffioen, B. October 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Fish
Offshore Wind Farms, New Players in Marine Ecosystems Lindeboom, H. October 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Porpoises and Offshore Windfarms - Conflict, Co-Existence or Refuge Scheidat, M. October 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Wind Energy and Environmental Assessments - A Hard Look at Two Forerunners’ Approaches: Germany and the United States Geißler, G., Köppel, J., Gunther, P. October 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind
The Effects of Wind Power on Marine Life Bergström, L., et al. October 2012 Report Offshore Wind Fish, Marine Mammals
Renewable Energy Respecting Nature A Synthesis of Knowledge on Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy Financed by the Research Council of Norway May, R., et al. October 2012 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Wind Conditions and Resource Assessment Petersen, E., Troen, I. October 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Assessing the Life Cycle Environmental Impacts of Wind Power A Review of Present Knowledge and Research Needs Arvesen, A., Hertwich, E. October 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Turbine Height as a Management Tool for Collision Risk to Birds at Offshore Wind Farms Davies, I., Band, B. September 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Offshore Wind Farms and their Impact on Fish Abundance and Community Structure Stenberg, C., et al. September 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
The Added Value of Small Scale Monitoring of the Soft Sediment Endobenthos Coates, D., Vanaverbeke, M., Magda, V. September 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
The Development of Benthic Communities on Hard Substrates within OWEZ Noordzee Wind September 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Small Scale Distribution of Fish in Offshore Wind Farms Hansen, K., Stenberg, C., Møller, P. September 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Fish
Offshore Wind Capital Cost Estimation in the US Outer Continental Shelf A Reference Class Approach Kaiser, M., Snyder, B. September 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Maine Deepwater Offshore Wind Report University of Maine, Rockefeller Brothers Fund September 2012 Report Offshore Wind Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Identification of Outer Continental Shelf Renewable Energy Space-Use Conflicts and Analysis of Potential Mitigation Measures Conway, F., et al. September 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device
West Coast Environmental Protocols Framework Klure, J., et al. September 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Developing Environmental Protocols and Modeling Tools to Support Ocean Renewable Energy and Stewardship McCann, J. September 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind
Large Scale Wind Deployment Social Acceptance Horbaty, R., Huber, S., Ellis, G. September 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Documentary Summary of the Environmental Impact of Renewable Marine Energy Sotta, C. September 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Impacts Due to Fixed and Floating Offshore Wind Turbines Brewer, M. September 2012 Thesis Offshore Wind
Radar Monitoring of Migrating Pink Footed Geese Behavioural Responses to Offshore Wind Farm Development Plonczkier, P., Simms, I. August 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
The Effect of Wind Power on Birds and Bats - A Synthesis Rydell, J., et al. August 2012 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Aerial Survey of Seabirds The Advent of Digital Methods Buckland, S., et al. August 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Population Sizes of Seabirds Breeding in Scottish SPAs Lewis, M., et al. July 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Birds
Corrigendum: Environmental Implications of Large-Scale Adoption of Wind Power: A Scenario-Based Life Cycle Assessment Arvesen, A., Hertwich, E. July 2012 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Development of a New Underwater Piling Noise Mitigation System Kuhn, C., et al. July 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Short and Long Term Effects of an Offshore Wind Farm on Three Species of Sandeel and their Sand Habitat van Deurs, M., et al. July 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Study on the Marine Growth Effect on the Dynamic Response of Offshore Wind Turbines Shi, W., et al. July 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Using a Shore Bird Fitted with Geolocators to Evaluate a Conceptual Risk Model Focusing on Offshore Wind Burger, J., et al. July 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Recovery of Barotrauma Injuries in Chinook Salmon from Exposure to Pile Driving Sound Casper, B., et al. June 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Threshold for Onset of Injury in Chinook Salmon from Exposure to Impulsive Pile Driving Sounds Halvorsen, M., et al. June 2012 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Assessment of the Potential for Conflict between Existing Ocean Space Use and Renewable Energy Development off the Coast of Oregon Sullivan, C. June 2012 Thesis MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Cumulative Effects of Wind Farms in the Dutch North Sea on Bird Populations Poot, M., et al. June 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Seabirds & Offshore Wind Farms Monitoring Results 2011 Vanermen, N., et al. June 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Fish and Benthos at Alpha Ventus Reichert, K., et al. May 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Assessing the Impact of Marine Wind Farms on Birds through Movement Modelling Masden, E., et al. May 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Guidelines for Data Acquisition to Support Marine Environmental Assessments of Offshore Renewable Energy Projects Judd, A. May 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind
Offshore Wind Power Reef Effects and Reef Fauna Roles Krone, R. May 2012 Thesis Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem
Analysis of Environmental Characteristics and Operational Reports of Small and Medium Turbines Florescu, A., Bandoc, G., Degeratu, M. May 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Socio-economics
The Current State of Offshore Wind Energy Technology Development Sun, X., Huang, D., Wu, G. May 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Development of a Cost Minimizing Strategy to Mitigate Bird Mortalities in a Wind Farm Singh, K. May 2012 Thesis Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Delivering Offshore Electricity to the EU Seanergy May 2012 Report Offshore Wind
A Review of Flight Heights and Avoidance Rates of Birds in Relation to Offshore Wind Farms Cook, A., et al. May 2012 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Impacts of Wind Turbine Construction on Marine Mammals What can be Done? Bailey, H. April 2012 Magazine Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
A Biogeographic Assessment of Seabirds, Deep Sea Corals and Ocean Habitats of the New York Bight: Science to Support Offshore Spatial Planning Menza, C., et al. April 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Benthic Invertebrates
Likely Effects of Construction of Scroby Sands Offshore Wind Farm on a Mixed Population of Harbour Phoca vitulina and Grey Halichoerus grypus Seals Skeate, E., Perrow, M., Gilroy, J. April 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Research Priorities for Wind Energy and Migratory Wildlife Piorkowski, M., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats, Birds
Marine Bird Distribution Along the Oregon Coast Suryan, R., et al. April 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Research Priorities for Wind Energy and Migratory Wildlife Piorkowski, M., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Bats, Birds
Screening Environmental Risk Assessment of Grease and Oil Emissions from Off-Shore Wind Power Plants Arvidsson, R., Molander, S. March 2012 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals Fish
Found in the Wind Frulla D., Hagerman, G., Hallowell, M. March 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Common Sole Larvae Survive High Levels of Pile Driving Sound in Controlled Exposure Experiments Bolle, L., et al. March 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Using a Collision Risk Model to Assess Bird Collision Risks for Offshore Wind Farms Band, B. March 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Tiree Onshore Scenario Mapping Ironside Farrar March 2012 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Strategic Impact Assessment of Offshore Windpower in Norway - Impacts on Seabirds Lorensten, S., et al. March 2012 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Offshore Renewable Energy Strategic Action Plan UK Department of Enterprise Trade and Investment March 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Offshore Renewables Guidance on Assessing the Impact on Coastal Landscape and Seascape Guidance for Scoping an Environmental Statement Scottish Natural Heritage March 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind
A Review of Methods to Monitor Collisions or Micro Avoidance of Birds with Offshore Wind Turbines Part 2 Collier, M., Dirksen, S., Krijgsveld, K. February 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Do Windmill Parks Function as a Refugium? Derweduwen, J., et al. February 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish
Symposium Sound Solutions The North Sea Foundation February 2012 Report Offshore Wind Noise Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Marine Energy Marine Scotland February 2012 Website MHK general, Offshore Wind
Benthic Communities on Hard Substrates of the Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee (OWEZ) Bouma, S., Lengkeek, W. February 2012 Report Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Offshore Wind Turbines Furness, B., Wade, H. February 2012 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
The Development and Use of a Method to Fill Time Gaps in Migration Counts Mateos-Rodriguez, M., Thomas, L., Arroyo, G. February 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
On the Effect of Structure-Induced Resistance and Mixing on Inflows into the Baltic Sea: A Numerical Model Study Rennau, H., Schimmels, S., Burchard, H. February 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Doppler Lidar Based Wind Profile Measurement System for Offshore Wind Energy and Other Marine Boundary Layer Applications Pichugina, Y., et al. February 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Weak Relationship Between Risk Assessment Studies and Recorded Mortality in Wind Farms Ferrer, M., et al. February 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Scotland's Renewables Routemap Short Life Task Force on Streamlining Energy Development Licensing and Consents February 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Habitat Preferences of Harbour Seals in the Dutch Coastal Area: Analysis and Estimate of Effects of Offshore Wind Farms Brasseur, S., et al. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
The Lessons Learned from the Development of the Wind Energy Industry that Might be Applied to MHK Garrad, A. January 2012 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Noise Mitigation Measures and Low-noise Foundation Concepts - State of the Art Verfuß, T. January 2012 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise
Towards an Environmentally Sound Offshore Wind Energy Deployment Verfuß, U. January 2012 Workshop Article Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Upper Ocean Response to Large Wind Farm Effect in the Presence of Surface Gravity Waves Paskyabi, M., Fer, I. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
A Probabilistic Approach to Introduce Risk Measurement Indicators to an Offshore Wind Project Evaluation – Improvement to an Existing Tool ECUME Douard, F., Domecq, C., Lair, W. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
The European Offshore Wind Industry Key 2011 Trends and Statistics European Wind Energy Association January 2012 Report Offshore Wind
Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Areas (MESMA) van Hoof L. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Static Device
Multipurpose Marine Cadastre National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management January 2012 Website MHK general, Offshore Wind
Bat Surveys: Good Practice Guidelines Sowler, S., et al. January 2012 Book Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats
What is the Source Level of Pile-Driving Noise in Water? Ainslie, M., et al. January 2012 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Noise
Assessment of the Marine Renewables Industry in Relation to Marine Mammals: Synthesis of Work Undertaken by the ICES Working Group on Marine Mammal Ecology (WGMME) Tougaard, J., et al. January 2012 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Wind Energy Development and its Environmental Impact: A Review Leung, D., Yang, Y. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Long Range Propagation Modeling of Offshore Wind Turbine Noise using Finite Element and Parabolic Equation Models Kim, H., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Searches for dead birds in Smøla wind-power plant area 2011 – annual report Reitan, O. January 2012 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Migration and Habitat Use by Seabirds in the Atlantic Flyway Berlin, A. January 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Bats and Wind Energy - A Literature Synthesis and Annotated Bibliography Ellison, L. January 2012 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Bats
Interactions with Offshore Wind Energy Birds and Bats Island Institute January 2012 Presentation Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Bats, Birds
Wind Turbines and Coastal Recreation Demand Landry, C., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics
Interactions Between Seals and Offshore Wind Farms McConnell, B., Lonergan, M., Dietz, R. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Behavioral Reactions of Harbor Porpoise to Pile-Driving Noise Tougaard, J., et al. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Heading for an Understanding of Environmental Impacts Degraer, S., Brabant, R., Rumes, B. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
What is the Global Potential for Renewable Energy Moriarty, P., Honnery, D. January 2012 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Selected Findings from the Baseline and Targeted Monitoring Degraer , S., Brabant, R., Rumes, R. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind
The Turning Point for Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy Bowes, C., Allegro, J. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Ormonde Offshore Wind Farm 2010 Construction Environmental Monitoring Report Saunders, S. January 2012 Report Offshore Wind Noise Birds, Marine Mammals
Flight Call Rates of Migrating Thrushes: Effects of Wind Conditions, Humidity and Time of Day at an Illuminated Offshore Platform Hüppop, O., Hilgerloh, G. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Effects of Offshore Pile Driving on Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) Brandt, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
South West Marine Energy Park Prospectus Southwest Marine Energy Park Coalition January 2012 Report Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Establishing the Resilience of a Coastal-marine Social-ecological System to the Installation of Offshore Wind Farms Burkhard, B., Gee, K. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Effects of Pile Driving on the Behavior of Cod and Sole Thomsen, F., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Assessment of Offshore Wind Farm Effects on Birds and Needs to Plan their Furture Development in Spain Mateos-Rodriguez, M., Muñoz, A., Arroyo, G. January 2012 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Shortlist Masterplan Wind Aerial Surveys of Harbour Porpoises on the Dutch Continental Shelf Geelhoed, S., et al. December 2011 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Strategisk konsekv ensutredning for landbasert vindkraft. En evaluering av regionale planer for vindkraft May, R. December 2011 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Effect of Horns Rev 1 on Fish Communities Stenber, C., et al. December 2011 Report Offshore Wind EMF, Noise, Static Device Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy: Potential Benefits to Biodiversity? An Urgent Call for Research Inger, R., et al. December 2011 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Wind Farms and Seabirds. Updated National Screening of Potential Conflict Areas Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., et al. December 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Effect Studies Offshore Wind Egmond aan Zee: Cumulative Effects on Seabirds - A Modelling Approach to Estimate Effects on Population Levels in Seabirds Poot, M., et al. November 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Integrated Modelling Tools to Support Risk-Based Decision-Making in Marine Spatial Management Stelzenmüller, V., et al. November 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Socio-economics
Effect Studies Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee - Final Report on Fluxes, Flight Altitudes and Behaviour of Flying Birds Krijgsveld, K., et al. November 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farm Marine Environmental Monitoring Plan Ecological Analysis Data Wells, R., Shenton, S. November 2011 Presentation Offshore Wind Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
The Effect of Wind-Generated Bubbles on Sea-Surface Backscattering at 940 Hz van Vossen, R., Ainslie, M. November 2011 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind
Wind in our Sails - The Coming of Europes Offshore Wind Energy Industry European Wind Energy Association November 2011 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Scoping Study for Offshore Wind Farm Development in Scottish Waters Davies, I., Watret, R. November 2011 Report Offshore Wind
Multi-Criteria Assessment of Offshore Wind Turbine Support Structures Lozano-Minguez, E., Kolios, A., Brennan, F. November 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device
Report on a Red-throated Diver Agent-Based Model to Assess the Cumulative Impact from Offshore Wind Farms Topping, C., Petersen, I. November 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
New Insights and New Tools Regarding Risk to Roseate Terns Piping Plovers and Red Knots from Wind Facility Operations Gordon, C. October 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Offshore Wind Farms Measuring Instruction for Underwater Sound Monitoring Müller, A., Zerbs, C. October 2011 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Galloper Wind Farm Project: Environmental Statement - Chapter 14: Marine Mammals Galloper Wind Farm Limited October 2011 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Spatial Factors Affecting Statistical Power in Testing Marine Fauna Displacement Lapeña, B., et al. October 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Mitigation of Underwater Piling Noise Using New Hydro Sound Dampers Elmer, K., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise Nearfield Habitat
A Review of Methods to Monitor Collisions or Micro Avoidance of Birds with Offshore Wind Turbines Part 1 Collier, M., Dirksen, S., Krijgsveld, K. September 2011 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Effects of Wind Farms on Harbour Porpoise Behavior and Population Dynamics Nabe-Nielsen, J., et al. September 2011 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
EA of Maines Deepwater Offshore Floating Wind Turbine Testing and Demonstration Project US Department of Energy September 2011 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Standard for Measurement and Monitoring of Underwater Noise, Part II: Procedures for Measuring Underwater Noise in Connection with Offshore Wind Farm Licensing de Jong, C., Ainslie, M., Blacquière, G. September 2011 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Underwater Mach Wave Radiation from Impact Pile Driving: Theory and Observation Reinhall, P., Dahl, P. September 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Screening Analysis for the Environmental Risk Evaluation System - Environmental Effects of MHK Energy Copping, A., et al. September 2011 Report MHK general, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Screening Analysis for the Environmental Risk Evaluation System - Environmental Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Copping, A., Hanna, L. September 2011 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Modelling Harbour Porpoise Seasonal Density as a Function of the German Bight Environment Gilles, A., et al. August 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
The Multi-Use In Wind Farm Projects: More Conflicts Or A Win-Win Opportunity? Lacroix, D., Sylvain, P. August 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Short-Term Ecological Effects of an Offshore Wind Farm in the Dutch Coastal Zone: A Compilation Lindeboom, H., et al. August 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
Effects of the Construction of Scroby Sands Offshore Wind Farm on the Prey Base of Little Tern at its Most Important UK Colony Perrow, M., et al. August 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Birds, Ecosystem, Fish
Particle Motion Measured at an Operational Wind Turbine in Relation to Hearing Sensitivity in Fish Sigray, P., Andersson, M. July 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Bats and Bat Habitats: Guidelines for Wind Power Projects Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources July 2011 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats
Night Migration of Songbirds and Waterfowl at the Utgrunden Off-Shore Wind Farm: A Radar-Assisted Study in Southern Kalmar Sound Pettersson, J., Fågelvind, J. July 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Field Scale Experiments to Assess the Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on Marine Organisms Gill, A., et al. July 2011 Presentation Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Assessing Integrated Risks Of Offshore Wind Projects: Moving Towards Gigawatt-scale Deployments Ram, B. June 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Shortlist Masterplan Wind - Effect of Piling Noise on Survival of Fish Larvae (pilot study) Bolle, L., et al. June 2011 Report Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) and Wind Farms: A Case Study in the Dutch North Sea Scheidat, M., et al. June 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Harbor Porpoises and Wind Farms: A Case Study in the Dutch North Sea Scheidat, M., et al. June 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Inch Cape Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement Inch Cape Offshore Limited June 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Social Barriers to Renewable Energy Landscapes Pasqualetti, M. May 2011 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Argyll Array Offshore Wind Farm: Habitat Regulations Assessment - Screening for Likely Significant Effects Dewar, R. May 2011 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Risks to Birds and Wildlife from Offshore Wind Farms Peterson, C. May 2011 Presentation Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Bats, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Conference on Wind Energy and Wildlife Impacts 2011: Proceedings May, R., Bevanger, K. May 2011 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Modelling Seabird Collision Risk with Off-Shore Wind Farms Mateos, M., Arroyo, G., Rosario, J. May 2011 Presentation Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Collision Risk in White-Tailed Eagles Modelling Kernel-Based Collision Risk Using Satellite Telemetry Data in Smøla Wind-Power Plant May, R., et al. May 2011 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Effects of EMF from Transmission Lines on Elasmobranchs and Other Marine Species Normandeau Associates Inc, et al. May 2011 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind EMF Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Life Cycle Assessment of the Offshore Wind Farm Alpha Ventus Wagner, H., et al. May 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Proceedings of the Wind Wildlife Research Meeting VIII Schwartz, S. April 2011 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Compendium of Avian Occurrence Information for the Continental Shelf Waters along the Atlantic Coast of the United States: Final Report (Database Selection - Shorebirds) O'Connell, A., Spiegel, C., Johnson, S. April 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Long-Term Datasets on Marine Mammals: Learning from the Past to Manage the Future European Cetacean Society March 2011 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Understanding Bird Collisions With Man-made Objects: A Sensory Ecology Approach Martin, G. March 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Environmental Effects and the Permitting Processes for a Deep Water Offshore Wind-Wave Hybrid Generator DeVault, G. March 2011 Report Wave, Offshore Wind
Low Frequency Noise and Infrasound from Wind Turbines O'Neal, R., Hellweg, R., Lampeter, R. March 2011 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Noise
Proposed Approach for the Screening and Assessment of the Short and Medium Term Options APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Information for Appropriate Assessment APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Pre-Screening Review of the Medium Term Options APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Economic Assessment of Short Term Options for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users and Interests APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Blue Seas Green Energy A Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Blue Seas Green Energy A Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters Part B APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Visual Tracking From a Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boat to Determine Foraging Movements of Breeding Terns Perrow, M., Gilroy, J., Skeate, E. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Aggregation and Feeding Behaviour of Pouting at Wind Turbines in the Belgian Part of the North Sea Reubens, J., Degraer, S., Vincx, M. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Monitoring Seasonal Bat Activity on a Coastal Barrier Island in Maryland Johnson, J., Gates, J., Zegre, N. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Bats
Why Offshore Wind Energy? Esteban, M., et al. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Understanding Public Responses to Offshore Wind Power Haggett, C. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Monitoring seasonal bat activity on a coastal barrier island in Maryland, USA Johnson, J., Gates, J., Zegre, N. February 2011 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Static Device Bats
Porpoises North of Sprogo Before During and After Construction of an Offshore Wind Farm Tougaard, J., Carstensen, J. February 2011 Report Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
The UK Offshore Wind Power Programme: A Sea-Change in UK Energy Policy? Toke, D. February 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Flight Height Distribution and Collision Risk of the Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus Marmoratus: Methodology and Preliminary Results Stumpf, J., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Responses of Harbour Porpoises to Pile Driving at the Horns Rev II Offshore Wind Farm in the Danish North Sea Brandt, M., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Environmental Impact and Control Measures of New Wind Power Projects Zheng, L., Zheng, L., Wei, L. January 2011 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Local Birds in and around the Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee (OWEZ) Leopold, M., Dijkman, E., Teal, L. January 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
National Register of Historic Places Database National Park Service January 2011 Website MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Risk Evaluation for Federally Listed (Roseate Tern, Piping Plover) or Candidate (Red Knot) Bird Species in Offshore Waters: A First Step for Managing the Potential Impacts of Wind Facility Development on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Burger, J., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds, Farfield Environment
Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters Appropriate Assessment Information Review APS Group Scotland January 2011 Report Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Examples of State and International Guidance for Duration and Intensity of Pre-Construction and Post-Construction Monitoring US Fish and Wildlife Service January 2011 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Comparing Pre- and Post-Construction Distributions of Long-Tailed Ducks Clangula hyemalis in and around the Nysted Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark: A Quasi-Designed Experiment Accounting for Imperfect Detection, Local Surface Features and Autocorrelation Petersen, I., et al. January 2011 Report Offshore Wind Birds
A Sustainability Index for Offshore Wind Farms and Open Water Aquaculture Benassai, G., et al. January 2011 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Intervisibility Analysis of an Offshore Wind Farm Using GIS Tools Errico, A., et al. January 2011 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Static Device
Offshore Wind Farms: Foundations and Influence on the Littoral Processes Esteban, M., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Effect of the Horns Rev 1 Offshore Wind Farm on Fish Communities. Follow-up Seven Years after Construction Leonhard, S., Stenberg, C., Støttrup, J. January 2011 Report Offshore Wind Fish
Offshore Wind Farms - Ecological Effects of Noise and Habitat Alteration on Fish Andersson, M. January 2011 Thesis Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
Pre- and post- construction Studies of Conflicts between Birds and Wind Turbines in Coastal Norway (BirdWind) Report on Findings 2007-2010 Bevanger, K., et al. December 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Birds
Is There a Conflict Between Cetacean Conservation and Marine Renewable Energy Developments Brown, V., Simmonds, M. December 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Wind Energy Development and Wildlife Conservation: Challenges and Opportunities Kuvlesky, W. Jr., et al. December 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds, Farfield Environment
Samlet belastning av vindkraftutbygging på fugl –standardvilkår for for- og etterundersøkelser May, R., et al. December 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Birds
Collision Risk in White-Tailed Eagles: Modelling Collision Risk Using Vantage Point Observations in Smøla Wind-Power Plant May, R., et al. December 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Night Migrant Fatalities And Obstruction Lighting At Wind Turbines In North America Kerlinger, P., et al. December 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Lighting Birds
Public Engagement with Large Scale Renewable Energy Technologies Breaking the Cycle of NIMBYism Devine-Wright, P. November 2010 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
The Nature Of Scour Development And Scour Protection At Offshore Windfarm Foundations Whitehouse, R., et al. November 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Minimizing Collision Risk Between Migrating Raptors and Marine Wind Farms: Development of a Spatial Planning Tool Baisner, A., et al. November 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm: Diver Surveys 2009-10 Percival, S. November 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Understanding the Environmental Impacts of Offshore Windfarms Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into The Environment, Huddleston, J. November 2010 Book Chapter Offshore Wind
Altering Turbine Speed Reduces Bat Mortality at Wind-Energy Facilities Arnett, E., et al. November 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Whooper Swan Migration in Relation to Offshore Wind Farms Griffin, L., Rees, E., Hughes, B. October 2010 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Monitoring and Researching Ecological Effects of Dutch Offshore Wind Farms Boon, A., et al. October 2010 Report Offshore Wind Bats, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
List of Environmental Effects of MHK Devices Simas, T., Moura, A., Conley, D. September 2010 Presentation OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Simulation Of Wave Damping Near Coast Due To Offshore Wind Farms Alari, V., Raudsepp, U. September 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Ocean Management and Planning in the US Heimes, R. September 2010 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Simulating Environmental Changes Due to Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Installations James, S., et al. September 2010 Conference Paper MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Residence Time and Behaviour of Sole and Cod in the Offfshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee Winter, H., Aarts, G., van Keeken, O. September 2010 Report Offshore Wind Fish
Technical Manual for Evaluating Wildlife Impacts of Wind Turbines Requiring Coastal Permits Protection, NJ Department of Environmental September 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Early Development of the Subtidal Marine Biofouling on a Concrete Offshore Windmill Foundation on the Thornton Bank (Southern North Sea): First Monitoring Results Kerckhof, F., et al. September 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Disruption to Place Attachment and the Protection of Restorative Environments: A Wind Energy Case Study Devine-Wright, P., Howes, Y. September 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Cultural Ecosystem Services in the Context of Offshore Wind Farming: A Case Study from the West Coast of Schleswig-Holstein Gee, K., Burkhard, B. September 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Towards Best Environmental Practice for Cetacean Conservation in Developing Scotland's Marine Renewable Energy Dolman, S., Simmonds, M. September 2010 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Large Scale Offshore Wind Power in the United States Assessment of Opportunities and Barriers Musial, M., Ram, B. September 2010 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Approaches to Marine Mammal Monitoring at Marine Renewable Energy Developments Macleod, K., et al. August 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Environmental Impact Assessment of Offshore Wind Farms: A Simulation-Based Approach Lapeña, B., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA License Conditions Cefas August 2010 Report Offshore Wind
The Legal Framework for Offshore Wind Farms: A Critical Analysis of the Consents Process Gibson, E., Howsamn, P. August 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Statutory Nature Conservation Agency Protocol for Minimising the Risk of Injury to Marine Mammals from Piling Noise Joint Nature Conservation Committee August 2010 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Developing an Instrumentation Package for in-Water Testing of MHK Devices Nelson, E. August 2010 Conference Paper MHK general, Offshore Wind
Assessing the Responses of Coastal Cetaceans to the Construction of Offshore Wind Turbines Thompson, P., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Greening Blue Energy Identifying and Managing the Biodiversity Risks and Opportunities of Offshore Renewable Energy Wilhelmsson, D., et al. July 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
The Effect of a Large Danish Offshore Wind Farm on Harbor and Gray Seal Haul-Out Behavior Edrén, S., et al. July 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Ocean Wind Power Ecological Baseline Studies Final Report - Volume 1: Overview, Summary, and Application Geo-Marine Inc July 2010 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Updated Summary of Knowledge: Selected Areas of the Pacific Coast Kaplan, B., et al. July 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Ocean Wind Power Ecological Baseline Studies Final Report - Volume 3: Marine Mammal and Sea Turtle Studies Geo-Marine Inc July 2010 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
The Effect of a Large Danish Offshore Wind Farm on Harbour and Grey Seal Haul-Out Behaviour Edrén, S., et al. July 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Ocean Wind Power Ecological Baseline Studies Final Report - Volume 2: Avian Studies Geo-Marine Inc July 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Barriers to Movement: Modelling Energetic Costs of Avoiding Marine Wind Farms Amongst Breeding Seabirds Masden, E., et al. July 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Ocean Wind Power Ecological Baseline Studies Final Report - Volume 4: Fish and Fisheries Studies Geo-Marine Inc July 2010 Report Offshore Wind Fish
Fish And Sessile Assemblages Associated With Wind-turbine Constructions In The Baltic Sea Andersson, M., M. Öhman June 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
Coastal And Offshore Wind Energy Generation: Is It Environmentally Benign? Wilson, J., et al. June 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Environmental and Ecological Effects Of Ocean Renewable Energy Development: A Current Synthesis Boehlert, G., Gill, A. June 2010 Journal Article OTEC, Wave, In-Stream, Tidal, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Assessing Underwater Noise Levels during Pile Driving at an Offshore Windfarm and its Potential Effects on Marine Mammals Bailey, H., et al. June 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in ScottishTerritorial Waters Pre-Screening for Appropriate Assessment Halcrow Group Ltd June 2010 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Comparison of Design- and Model-Based Estimates of Seabird Abundance Derived from Visual, Digital Still Transects and Digital Video Aerial Surveys in Carmarthen Bay Burt, L., Rexstad, E., Buckland, S. June 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
An Overview Of Ocean Renewable Energy Technologies Bedard, R., et al. June 2010 Journal Article OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind
Quantifying the Relative Use of Coastal Waters by Breeding Terns: Towards Effective Tools for Planning & Assessing the Ornithological Impact of Offshore Wind Farms Perrow, M., et al. June 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
California Offshore Wind Energy Potential Dvorak, M., Archer, C., Jacobson, M. June 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Ocean Planning and the Gulf of Maine Fanning, L., Heimes, R. May 2010 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Decision Bias in Marine Spatial Planning of Offshore Wind Farms Berkenhagen, J., et al. May 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Adapting Offshore Wind Power Foundations to Local Environment Hammar, L., Andersson, S., Rosenberg, R. May 2010 Report Offshore Wind Static Device
Renewable Energy in Scotland Alldritt, D., Hopwood, D. May 2010 Magazine Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
An Analysis of the Potential Acoustic Effects of Cape Winds Offshore Wind Farm on Marine Mammal Populations Burgman, J. April 2010 Thesis Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Planners to the Rescue: Spatial Planning Facilitating the Development of Offshore Wind Energy Jay, S. April 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device
Near-Shore Wind Power - Protected Seascapes, Environmentalists’ Attitudes, and the Technocratic Planning Perspective Wolsink, M. April 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Sørfjord Windpark, Tysfjord Municipality. Impact Assessment, Evaluation of Natural Environment. Jacobsen, K., Arnesen, G., Johnsen, T. April 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Pile-Driving Noise on the Behaviour of Marine Fish Mueller-Blenkle, C., et al. March 2010 Report Offshore Wind Noise Fish
A Further Review of Sediment Monitoring Data Carroll, B., et al. March 2010 Report Offshore Wind Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Offshore Wind Power Policy and Planning in Sweden Söderholm, P., Pettersson, M. February 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Offshore Wind Farms and Birds Langston, R. February 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Offshore Wind Farms and Birds: Round 3 Zones, Extensions to Round 1 and Round 2 Sites and Scottish Territorial Waters Langston, R. February 2010 Report Offshore Wind
Risk Formulation For The Sonic Effects Of Offshore Wind Farms On Fish In The EU Region Kikuchi, R. February 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
General Models of the Spatial Distribution of Porpoises Require Representative Data and Parsimony: Comment on Skov & Thomsen (2008) Tougaard, J., Wisz, M. January 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
The Effects of Landscape Modifications on the Long-Term Persistence of Animal Populations Nabe-Nielsen, J., et al. January 2010 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Farfield Environment
Mitigation of Underwater Pile Driving Noise During Offshore Construction: Final Report Stokes, A., et al. January 2010 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Impacts Of Wind Farms On Surface Air Temperatures Traiteur, J., Roy, S. January 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Underwater Noise Produced by the Piling Activities During the Construction of the Belwind Offshore Wind Farm (Bligh Bank, Belgian Marine Waters) Norro, A., et al. January 2010 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Noise
Review of Migratory Routes and Behaviour of Atlantic Salmon Sea Trout and European Eel in Scotlands Coastal Environment Malcolm, I., Godfrey, J., Youngson, A. January 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Fish
Meta Analysis of Net Energy Return for Wind Power Systems Kubiszewski, I., Cleveland, C., Endres, P. January 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Cumulative Impact Assessments and Bird Wind Farm Interactions Masden, E., et al. January 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Monitoring of Hydrodynamic and Morphological Changes at the C-Power and Belwind Offshore Windfarm Sites – A synthesis Van den Eynde, D., et al. January 2010 Book Chapter Offshore Wind
Options and Opportunities for Marine Fisheries Mitigation Associated with Windfarms Blyth-Skyrme, R. January 2010 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Early Environmental Impact Assessment and Spatio-Temporal Variability Degraer, S., Brabant, R., Rumes, B. January 2010 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy Legislation for Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Department of Energy January 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Marine Wind Farms: Seabirds, White-Tailed Eagles, Eurasian Eagle-Owl and Waders Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., et al. January 2010 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Dønnesfjord Windpark, Hasvik Municipality: Impact Assessment, Evaluation of Natural Environment Jacobsen, K., Borg, L., Johnsen, T. January 2010 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Potential Climatic Impacts And Reliability Of Very Large-scale Wind Farms Wang, C., Prinn, G. January 2010 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Weighing Natural Variability and Anthropogenic Impacts: A Case Study of Demersal Fish and Epibenthic Communities in the Belgian Part of the North Sea De Backer, A., et al. January 2010 Report Offshore Wind Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
Conservation Importance Benthic Epifaunal Species and Habitats 2010 Moore, C. January 2010 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Development of Underwater Flora and Fauna Communities on Hard Substrates Lengkeek, W, Bouma, S. December 2009 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Lynn and Inner Dowsing Hydrographic Monitoring Survey Emu Ltd. December 2009 Report Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Wind Turbine Sound and Health Effects An Expert Panel Review Colby, W., et al. December 2009 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Noise
Pre- and Post-Construction Studies of Conflicts Between Birds and Wind Turbines in Coastal Norway (Bird Wind): Progress Report 2009 Bevanger, K., et al. December 2009 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Behavior of Scandinavian Bats during Migration and Foraging at Sea Ahlén, I., Baagoe, J., Bach, L. December 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Bats
Status and Applications of Acoustic Mitigation and Monitoring Systems for Marine Mammals Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement November 2009 Workshop Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Spatial Planning of Offshore Wind Farms: A Windfall to Marine Environmental Protection? Punt, M., et al. November 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device
Challenges and Solutions of Remote Sensing at Offshore Wind Energy Developments Kelly, T., West, T., Davenport, J. November 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Bats, Birds
Comparison of Visual and Digital Aerial Survey Results of Avian Abundance for Round 3, Norfolk Region Burt, L., Rexstad, E., Buckland, S. November 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Environmental Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Generation near Rhode Island Miller, J., et al. October 2009 Presentation Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Real-Time Environmental Monitoring from a Wind Farm Platform in the Texas Hypoxia Zone Mullins, R., et al. October 2009 Conference Paper Offshore Wind
Environmental Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Generation near Rhode Island: Acoustic and Electromagnetic Effects on Marine Animals Miller, J., et al. October 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind EMF, Noise Ecosystem, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
A Comparison of Offshore Wind Power Development in Europe and the US Snyder, B., Kaiser, M. October 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
An Integrated Risk Framework for Gigawatt-Scale Deployments of Renewable Energy Ram, B. October 2009 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
A Comparison of Offshore Wind Power Development in Europe and the U.S.: Patterns and Drivers of Development Snyder, B., Kaiser, M. October 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind
Assessment of the Effects of the Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee (OWEZ) for Harbour Porpoise (comparison T0 and T1) Scheidat, M., et al. September 2009 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals
Influence of Behavior on Bird Mortality in Wind Energy Developments Smallwood, K., Rugge, L., Morrison, M. September 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Coastal Process Modelling for Offshore Windfarm Environmental Impact Assessment: Best Practice Guide Lambkin, D., et al. September 2009 Report Offshore Wind Farfield Environment
Ecosystem Based Modeling and Indication of Ecological Integrity in the German North Sea - Case Study Offshore Wind Parks Burkhard, B., et al. August 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Did the Pile Driving during the Construction of the Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee, the Netherlands, Impact Local Seabirds? Leopold, M., Camphuysen, K. August 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Local Effects of Blue Mussels Around Turbine Foundations in an Ecosystem Model of Nysted Off-Shore Wind Farm, Denmark Maar, M., et al. August 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions Walker, R., et al. July 2009 Report Offshore Wind Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
High Resolution Video Survey of Seabirds and Mammals in the Rhyl Flats Area Hexter, R July 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Guidance on Environmental Impact Assessment of Offshore Renewable Energy Development on Surfing Resources and Recreation Surfers Against Sewage June 2009 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Socio-economics
Revised Best Practice Guidance for the Use of Remote Techniques for Ornithological Monitoring at Offshore Windfarms Walls, R., et al. June 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Proceedings of the Wind Wildlife Research Meeting VII Schwartz, S. June 2009 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Developing Guidance on Ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment for Offshore Wind Farm Developers King, S., et al. June 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Ecological and Economic Cost-Benefit Analysis of Offshore Wind Energy Snyder, B., Kaiser, M. June 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Avian Sensitivity to Mortality Prioritising Migratory Bird Species for Assessment at Proposed Wind Farms Desholm, M. June 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Contextualizing Avian Mortality: A Preliminary Appraisal of Bird and Bat Fatalities from Wind, Fossil-Fuel, and Nuclear Electricity Sovacool, B. June 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Bats, Birds
Assessment of Wind‐Farm and Other Bird Casualties from Carcasses Found on a Northumbrian Beach Over an 11‐Year Period Newton, I, Little, B May 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Aerial Surveys Of Round 3, Zone 5 For Waterbirds Final Report WWT Consulting May 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Seasonal Distribution Of Harbour Porpoises And Possible Interference Of Offshore Wind Farms In The German North Sea Gilles, A., Scheidat, M., Siebert, U. May 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals
Horns Rev II Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring of Bird Migration Skov, H., et al. May 2009 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Where Are All the People? A Study on the Integration of Socioeconomics and Marine Conservation Planning Feldman, L. May 2009 Thesis MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
A Review Of Assessment Methodologies For Offshore Windfarms Maclean, I., et al. May 2009 Report Offshore Wind
Wind Turbine Noise and Natural Sounds - Masking, Propagation and Modeling Bolin, K. April 2009 Thesis Offshore Wind Noise
Pile Driving Zone of Responsiveness Extends Beyond 20 km for Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena (L.)) Tougaard, J., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Observations of Seabirds at Offshore Wind Turbines near Blyth in Northeast England Rothery, P, Newton, I, Little, B March 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Epibenthic Colonization of Concrete and Steel Pilings in a Cold Temperate Embayment: A Weld Experiment Andersson, M., et al. March 2009 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Development of Spatial Information Layers for Commercial Fishing and Shellfishing in UK Waters to Support Strategic Siting of Offshore Windfarms Dunstone, D. March 2009 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
COWRIE 2.0 Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Phase 2: EMF Sensitive Fish Response to EM Emissions from Sub-sea Electricity Cables of the Type used by the Offshore Renewable Energy Industry Gill, A., et al. March 2009 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind EMF Fish
Life Cycle Assessment of a Multi-Megawatt Wind Turbine Martínez, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Involving the Public in the Impact Assessment of Offshore Renewable Energy Facilities Portman, M. March 2009 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Preferences of Coastal Zone User Groups Regarding the Siting of Offshore Wind Farms Ladenburg, J., Dubgaard, A. February 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Socio-economics
The Habitat-Creation Potential of Offshore Wind Farms Elliott, M., Wilson, J. February 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Barriers to Movement: Impacts of Wind Farms on Migrating Birds Masden, E., et al. February 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Characteristics of Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) Habitat in Northern California Golightly, R., Hamilton, C., Hebert, P. February 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Definition of a 5 MW Reference Wind Turbine for Offshore System Development Jonkman, J., et al. February 2009 Report Offshore Wind
Measurements of Construction Noise During Pile Driving of Offshore Research Platforms and Wind Farms Matuschek, R., Betke, K. January 2009 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: State of the Art After Two Years of Environmental Monitoring Degraer, S., Brabant, R. January 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Cape Wind Final Environmental Impact Statement Minerals Management Service January 2009 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Wind Energy Systems: Environmental Aspects and Impacts Manwell, J., McGowan, J., Rogers, A. January 2009 Book Chapter Offshore Wind EMF, Noise Bats, Birds, Farfield Environment
Numerical Calculation of the Impact of Offshore Wind Farm Power Stations on Hydrodynamic Conditions Zhang, W., Xia, H., Wang, B. January 2009 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat
Impacts of Wind Farms on Birds: A Review Powlesland, R January 2009 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Aspects of Offshore Renewable Energy and the Alterations of Marine Habitats Wilhelmsson, D. January 2009 Thesis Wave, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Underwater Noise From Three Types Of Offshore Wind Turbines: Estimation Of Impact Zones For Harbor Porpoises And Harbor Seals Tougaard, J., Henriksen, O., Miller, L. January 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
The Effects Of Anthropogenic Sources Of Sound On Fishes Popper, A., Hastings, M. January 2009 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
The Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Fish Popper, A., Hastings, M. January 2009 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Reflections on Integrating Operations and Maintenance Activities of Offshore Wind Farms and Mariculture Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G., Buck, B. January 2009 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Marine Fish Response to Pile Driving Sound Mueller-Blenkle C., et al. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Resolving Fine-Scale Spatio-Temporal Dynamics in the Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena Skov, H., Thomsen, F. December 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Measurement of Wind Turbine Construction Noise at Horns Rev II Betke, K. December 2008 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Pre- and Post-Construction Studies of Conflicts Between Birds and Wind Turbines in Coastal Norway: Progress Report 2008 Bevanger, K., et al. December 2008 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
On The Influence Of Large Wind Farms On The Upper Ocean Circulation Broström, G. November 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Percieved Concerns and Possible Management Strategies for Governing 'Wind-Farm Mariculture Integration' Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G. November 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
The Relation Between Birds and Wind Turbines and Other Aerial Obstacles Nygård, T., Bevanger, K., Reitan, O. November 2008 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Bats, Birds
Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm Turbine Foundation Faunal Colonisation Diving Survey Emu Ltd. November 2008 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Colonization of an Artificial Hard Substrate by Mytilus edulis in the German Bight Joschko, T., et al. October 2008 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Horns Rev II Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring of Migrating Waterbirds Piper, W., et al. October 2008 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Fouling Assemblages on Offshore Wind Power Plants and Adjacent Substrata Wilhelmsson, D., Malm, T. September 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Map of Bird Sensitivities to Wind Farms in Scotland: A Tool to Aid Planning and Conservation Bright, J., et al. September 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Horns Rev II Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring of Resting Waterbirds Skov, H., Piper, W., Leonhard, S. September 2008 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Horns Rev II Offshore Wind Farm Food Basis for Common Scoter Skov, H., et al. September 2008 Report Offshore Wind Noise Birds
Barotrauma is a Significant Cause of Bat Fatalities at Wind Turbines Baerwald, E., et al. August 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Underwater Radiated Noise Due to the Piling for the Q7 Offshore Wind Park de Jong, C., Ainslie, M. June 2008 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Collision Effects of Wind-power Generators and Other Obstacles on Birds Drewitt, A., Langston, R. June 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
The Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammals Boyd, I., et al. June 2008 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Ocean Noise: Turn it down - A report on ocean noise pollution McKenna, C., International Fund for Animal Welfare June 2008 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Full Scale Trial of High Definition Video Survey for Offshore Windfarm Sites Mellor, M., Maher, M. June 2008 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Avian Issues for Offshore Wind Development Allison, T., Jedrey, E., Perkins, S. June 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Kentish Flats Wind Farm Development. Macrobenthic Ecology Study - 2007 Emu Ltd. June 2008 Report Offshore Wind Ecosystem, Benthic Invertebrates
At-Sea Distribution and Movements of Nesting and Non-Nesting Marbled Murrelets Brachyramphus marmoratus in Northern California Hebert, P., Golightly, R. May 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Meeting the Quest for Spatial Efficiency: Progress and Prospects of Extensive Aquaculture within Offshore Wind Farms Buck, B., et al. May 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Benthic Invertebrates
Sediment Transport Patterns at Trafalgar Offshore Windfarm Besio, G., Losada, M. May 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd May 2008 Website Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind
Consequential Environmental System Analysis of Expected Offshore Wind Electricity Production in Germany Pehnt, M., Oeser, M., Swider, D. May 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Chemicals Socio-economics
Burbo Offshore Wind Farm Construction Phase Environmental Monitoring Report Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies April 2008 Report Offshore Wind EMF Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
Behavioral Responses of Bats to Operating Wind Turbines Horn, J., Arnett, E., Kunz, T. March 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Effect Studies Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee: Progress Report on Fluxes and Behaviour of Flying Birds Krijgsveld, K., et al. March 2008 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Marine Habitat Use of North Pacific Albatrosses During the Non-breeding Season and Their Spatial and Temporal Interactions with Commercial Fisheries in Alaska Suryan, R., Balogh, G., Fischer, K. March 2008 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Ecological Risk as a Tool for Evaluating the Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Construction in the North Sea Nunneri, C., et al. February 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem
Wind Energy and Air Emission Reduction Benefits: A Primer Jacobson, D., High, C. February 2008 Report Offshore Wind Chemicals
Offshore Wind Farms and Marine Mammals: Impacts and Methodologies for Assessing Impacts Evans, P. February 2008 Workshop Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals
The Main Characteristics, Problems, and Prospects for Western European Coastal Seas Dauvin, J. February 2008 Journal Article MHK general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Did the Pile Driving during the Construction of the Offshore Wind Farm Egmond aan Zee, the Netherlands, Impact Porpoises? Leopold, M., Camphuysen, K. February 2008 Report Offshore Wind Marine Mammals
Impacts to Marine Fisheries Habitat from Nonfishing Activities in the Northeastern United States Johnson, M., et al. February 2008 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Fish
Barrow Offshore Wind Farm Post-Construction Monitoring Report Barrow Offshore Wind Ltd January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates
Green Light For Nocturnally Migrating Birds Poot, H., et al. January 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Lighting Birds
Excursus 2: Correlation Between Aerial Surveys and Acoustic Monitoring Siebert, U., Rye, J. January 2008 Book Chapter Offshore Wind Noise Birds, Marine Mammals
Case Study: European Offshore Wind Farms Gerdes, G., Tiedemann, A., Zeelenberg, S. January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Dynamic of the Populations of Commercial used Fish in (Through Offshore Wind Farms) Changed Ecosystem Structure Diembeck, D. January 2008 Thesis Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
Review of Cabling Techniques and Environmental Effects Applicable to the Offshore Wind Farm Industry UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform January 2008 Report Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Review of the Reef Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Structures and their Potential for Enhancement and Mitigation UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Mussel and Seaweed Cultivation in Offshore Wind Farms: An Opinion Survey Michler-Cieluch, T., Kodeih, S. January 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Dynamics of Scour Pits and Scour Protection Whitehouse, R., Harris, J., Rees, J. January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Patterns of Bat Fatalities at Wind Energy Facilities in North America Arnett, E., et al. January 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Investigations of the Bird Collision Risk and the Responses of Harbour Porpoises in the Offshore Wind Farms Horns Rev, North Sea, and Nysted, Baltic Sea, in Denmark Blew, J., et al. January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds, Marine Mammals
Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Offshore Wind Farms OSPAR Comission January 2008 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
Pre- and Post-Construction Studies of Conflicts Between Birds and Wind Turbines in Coastal Norway: Status Report 1st January 2008 Bevanger, K., et al. January 2008 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Energy Performances and Life Cycle Assessment of an Italian Wind Farm Ardente, F., et al. January 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind
The Impact of Offshore Wind Farms on the Marine Environment Steen, H., et al. January 2008 Report Offshore Wind EMF, Noise, Static Device Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Effects of Wind Farm Foundations on the Water Exchange between North Sea and Baltic Sea - A First Careful Assessment Derived from the QuantAS- Off Project Burchard, H., et al. January 2008 Report Offshore Wind Ecosystem
Underwater Noise from Construction and Operation of Offshore Wind Farms Tougaard, J., Madsen, P., Wahlberg, M. January 2008 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise
Measurement and Interpretation of Underwater Noise During Construction and Operation of Offshore Windfarms in UK Waters Nedwell, J., et al. December 2007 Report Offshore Wind Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Behavioural Reactions of Cod (Gadus morhua) and Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) to Sound Resembling Offshore Wind Turbine Noise Mueller, C. December 2007 Thesis Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Offshore Windmills and the Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish Öhman, M., Sigray, P., Westerberg, H. December 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind EMF Fish
Assessing Impacts of Wind-Energy Development on Nocturnally Active Birds and Bats Kunz, T., et al. November 2007 Journal Article Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Modelling Total Numbers and Distribution of Common Scoter at Horns Rev Petersen, I. November 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Guide to the OCS Alternative Energy Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Minerals Management Service October 2007 Report Offshore Wind
OCS Alternative Energy and Alternate Use Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement US Deparment of the Interior, Minerals Management Service October 2007 Report MHK general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Further Use of Aerial Surveys to Detect Bird Displacement by Offshore Windfarms Maclean, I., Skov, H., Rehfisch, M. October 2007 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Valuing Public Preferences for Offshore Wind Power: A Choice Experimental Approach Krueger, A. September 2007 Thesis Offshore Wind Birds, Socio-economics
Offshore Wind Farms Their Impacts and Potential Habitat Gains as Artificial Reefs Wilson, J. September 2007 Thesis Offshore Wind Static Device Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Migration of Bats Past a Remote Island Offers Clues toward the Problem of Bat Fatalities at Wind Turbines Cryan, P., Brown, A. September 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Assessment and Costs of Potential Engineering Solutions for the Mitigation of the Impacts of Underwater Noise Arising from the Construction of Offshore Windfarms Nehls, G., et al. September 2007 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Potential Use of Population Viability Analysis to Assess the Impact of Offshore Windfarms on Bird Populations Maclean, I., Frederiksen, M., Rehfisch, M. September 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Trial High Definition Video Survey of Seabirds Mellor, M., et al. September 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Acoustic Techniques for Wind Turbine Blade Monitoring Burnham, K., Pierce, S. September 2007 Book Chapter Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects Alerstam, T., et al. August 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
Bats and Offshore Wind Turbines Studied in Southern Scandinavia Ahlén, I., et al. July 2007 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats
Worldwide Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information Regarding Environmental Effects of Alternative Energy Uses on the Outer Continental Shelf Michel, J., et al. July 2007 Report OTEC, Wave, Tidal, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Assessment of the Potential for Acoustic Deterrents to Mitigate the Impact on Marine Mammals of Underwater Noise Arising from the Construction of Offshore Windfarms Gordon, J., et al. July 2007 Report Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
The Measurement of the Underwater Radiated Noise from Marine Piling Including Characterisation of a "Soft Start" Period Robinson, S., Lepper, P., Ablitt, J. June 2007 Conference Paper Offshore Wind Noise Nearfield Habitat
Gunfleet Sands 2 Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement RPS Group June 2007 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
The Potential Compatibility of Offshore Wind Power and Fisheries: An Example using Bluefin Tuna in the Adriatic Sea Fayram, A., Risi, A. May 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Migratory Routes of Short-Tailed Albatrosses: Use of Exclusive Economic Zones of North Pacific Rim Countries and Spatial Overlap with Commercial Fisheries in Alaska Suryan, R., et al. May 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Birds
COWRIE Workshop on the Cumulative Impact of Offshore Windfarms on Birds Norman, T., Buisson, R., Askew, N. May 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Delivering Community Benefits from Wind Energy Development: A Toolkit Hassan, G., Capener, P. May 2007 Report Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Environmental Impacts of Wind Energy Projects National Research Council May 2007 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Static Device Birds, Socio-economics
Effects of Wind Turbines on Flight Behaviour of Wintering Common Eiders: Implications for Habitat Use and Collision Risk Larsen, J., Guillemette, M. April 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Changes in Bird Habitat Utilisation around the Horns Rev 1 Offshore Wind Farm with Particular Emphasis on Common Scoter Petersen, I., Fox, A. April 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Nearfield Habitat
Changes in Bird Habitat Utilization around the Horns Rev 1 Offshore Wind Farm, with Particular Emphasis on Common Scoter Petersen, I., Fox, A. April 2007 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Variation in Bat and Bird Fatalities at Wind Energy Facilities: Assessing the Effects of Rotor Size and Tower Height Barclay, R., Baerwald, E., Gruver, J. March 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats, Birds
Proceedings of the NWCC Wildlife Workgroup Research Planning Meeting VI Schwartz, S. March 2007 Conference Paper Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Bats, Birds
Eagle Owl and Wind Power development at Karmøy, Western Norway Rov, N., Jacobsen, K. March 2007 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Public Opinion about Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors Firestone, J., Kempton, W. March 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Socio-economics
Development of a Cost Effective System to Monitor Wind Turbines for Bird and Bat Collisions Pandey, A., Hermence, J., Harness, R. March 2007 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Bats, Birds
Could Electromagnetic Fields Deter Bats from Colliding with Wind Turbines? Racey, P., Nicholls, B. March 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF Bats
Poor Evidence-Base For Assessment Of Windfarm Impacts On Birds Steward, G., Pullin, A., Coles, C. February 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Birds
Standard Investigation of the Impacts of Offshore Wind Turbines on the Marine Environment Bellebaum, J., et al. February 2007 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Subsea Operational Noise Assessment at the Barrow Offshore Wind Farm Site Edwards, B., et al. February 2007 Report Offshore Wind Noise
Investigation of the Impacts of Offshore Wind Turbines on the Marine Environment (StUK 3) Bundesamt fur Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) February 2007 Report Offshore Wind
Measurement and Reduction of Offshore Wind Turbine Construction Noise Elmer, K., et al. February 2007 Magazine Article Offshore Wind Noise
Collision Mortalities at Horseshoe Shoal of Bird Species of Special Concern Hatch, J., Brault, S. January 2007 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Birds
Impact of Wind Turbines on Birds in Zeebrugge (Belgium) Everaert, J., Stienen, E. January 2007 Report Offshore Wind Static Device Birds
Catalog of Oregon Seabird Colonies Biological Technical Publication Naughton, M, et al. January 2007 Report Offshore Wind Birds
Birds and Wind Farms: Risk Assessment and Mitigation de Lucas, M., Janss, G., Ferrer, M. January 2007 Book Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Birds
Perception of Low Frequency Acoustic Signals by a Harbour Porpoise in the Presence of Simulated Offshore Wind Turbine Noise Lucke, K., et al. January 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Potential Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Noise on Fish Thomsen, F., et al. January 2007 Report Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Impacts of Wind Energy Facilities on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Arnett, E., et al. January 2007 Report Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Static Device Bats, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Danish Offshore Wind: Key Environmental Issues DONG Energy, et al. November 2006 Report Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
An Investigation into the Effects of Underwater Piling Noise on Salmonids Nedwell, J., et al. November 2006 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Offshore Wind Farms and the Environment Danish Energy Authority November 2006 Report Offshore Wind Birds, Fish, Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Summary on Harbour Porpoise Monitoring around Nysted and Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farms Teilmann, J., Tougaard, J., Carstensen, J. November 2006 Report Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals
Summary on Seal Monitoring around Nysted and Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farms Teilmann, J., et al. November 2006 Report Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals
Harbour Porpoises on Horns Reef Effects of the Horns Reef Wind Farm Jakob, T., et al. November 2006 Report Offshore Wind Noise, Static Device Marine Mammals